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Week 4 - Subsistence Strategies

by: Alana Swinton

Week 4 - Subsistence Strategies ANTH 02202

Alana Swinton
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Jay F. Gabriel

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About this Document

Professor Gabriel's lecture on Subsistence strategies (various economic means for society)
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Jay F. Gabriel
Class Notes
Cultural Anthropology
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alana Swinton on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 02202 at Rowan University taught by Jay F. Gabriel in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Rowan University.

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Date Created: 10/27/15
Rowan University ProfessorJay Gabriel Intro to Cultural Anthropology Week 4 09222015 Subsistence Strategies Ecology and Subsistence I Foraging and Hunting I Horticulture I Pastoralism I Intensive agriculture I Industrial agriculture Foraging and Hunting I The original af uent society Marshall Sahlins I 250000 human beings I 100 earth s population in 1000012000 years ago I Egalitarianism no class difference not much gender difference no real sexismdiscrimination or social class I Moved around a lot Horticulture I Use of O Gardens 0 Swidden slash and burn creates fertile ground 0 Hoessticks 0 Animals sometimes raised for prestige Pastoralism I Adaptive strategy based on herding of domesticated animals such as cattle sheep goats I Lots of gender inequality Intensive Agriculture I Wheat barley I Cultivated 12000 years ago near East I Farming communities 9000 years ago in China 7000 years ago near East Europe I The biggest mistake This type of society developed the cultivation of permanent land holdings I Creation of class systems KingQueen taxes cash nobles writing Industrial Agriculture I Automation I Large scale Rowan University ProfessorJay Gabriel I Integrated system 39 Global In conclusion subsistence patterns are deeply tied to consciousness and culture Do not think of these categories as set in stone Some hunters sell things in markets and work on ranches gt quotquot YOU MUST READ Chapters 9 11 12 in Conformity and Con ict


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