HIST 1010, Week 11 Lecture Notes
HIST 1010, Week 11 Lecture Notes Hist 1010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Peyton Robison on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Melissa Blair in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 10/27/15
Peyton Robison HIST 1010 Fall 2015 Dr Melissa Blair Week 11 October 27 2015 I Facing Backward Humanism Facing Outward The Renaissance as Cultural Exchange Today s Question o o How do we define the Renaissance What are some of its key characteristics and why is it such a critical turning point Facing Backward Humanism o The Renaissance is set in the early modern world 0 Called the early modern world because a lot of the important ideas and structures of the modern world are starting to take shape 0 Looking back to ancient Greek and Roman culture 0 quotDive back into the past 0 Art among other aspects of the Renaissance o Humanism A Definition 0 Humanism is a move back into classical culture and an effort to use classical sources to understand the human condition both physically and more often intellectually I Physical world 0 Studies of astronomy 0 Human body 0 Medicine I Intellectual world 0 The human condition 0 Why is the concept of humanism start flourishing in the 14th and 15th centuries 0 Why Humanism in the 14th and 15th centuries o In the wake of the Black Death people were unsatisfied with the answers to the big questions provided by the Church One of the key ways that the Renaissance is early modern important flourishing of secular thought not using solely religion to explain life 0 In the wake of the Ottoman takeover of Constantinople in 1453 Christian thinkers who move from Constantinople to Europe reintroduced classic texts to European audiences 0 Because it was seen as ideal training for the new kinds of work that people were doing in the increasingly interconnected world of the 14th and 15th centuries I People throughout Europe came to believe that a training in the humanities was the ideal training for the new kinds ofjobs that men were having 0 Giving you the skills that you need to go and be effective in the world 0 Ancient Greek rhetoric was important for politicians etc o Taught one how to construct an argument in the written form and make it persuasive to the reader 0 Made one a more quothumanequot person 0 A more empathetic person Peyton Robison HIST 1010 Fall 2015 Dr Melissa Blair Week 11 0 Better able to deal with people for a variety of backgrounds I GREAT for men in politics and people participating in trade to get business done 0 Thinking about the Renaissance in this way gives us a broader lens on the Renaissance 0 Not just about the several hundred artists 0 Touched families across Europe 0 If you wanted to try and get ahead in Renaissance Europe you had to know this stuff Facing Outward The Renaissance as Cultural Exchange NOT IN THE TEXTBOOK o The Renaissance served as a very important global component 0 Demonstrates that while Europe is diving backward they are also reaching out 0 Getting fully integrated into the oceanbased Afroeurasian trade 0 1453 0 Not only do the Ottomans get control of Constantinople it s also the year that the 100 Years War ends and peace begins I Demand for luxury goes through the roof also resulting in broader trade I Knowledge also comes in 0 An Italian mathematician introduces Arabic numerals and the use of the decimal point to Europe 0 Critical in allowing international trade to flourish I Trade is critical because that s where the money comes from for the art 0 Facing Outward o Europeans engage more fully in oceanbased international trade during the Renaissance and also adopt Arabic numerals and other crucial mathematic ideas from the Islamic world 0 Ottoman rulers also look toward Europe not only as trading partners but also in art rebuilding of Constantinople as Istanbul uses Italian architects and develops an intentionally hybrid style that uses traditional Islamic and Italian forms I Europe as one of the cultural influences I The sultan at the time had an extensive library of classical Greek texts 0 When he builds his new palace in Constantinople he hires a lot of Italian architects I quotA time of easy exchange of trade and ideas WrapUp o Humanism trade architecture o How do we define the Renaissance What are some of its key characteristics and why is it such a critical turning point Test Review 0 v Scholar officials Peyton Robison HIST 1010 Fall 2015 Dr Melissa Blair Week 11 0 From the Han period 0 You have to have that Confucian training to get a position in the bureaucracy What did Europeans bring back from trade 0 Luxury goods such as silk China and spices were the main things coming East The Ming Dynasty 0 Focus on how it s different than the other earlier dynasties Population growth and expansion 0 Mostly from the textbook in Chapter 10 mostly about Europe Dynastic Cycle 0 A bold term in the book 0 From the Han China period up until there s no more emperor in the 20th century Network of Towns 0 Roman Empire 0 How Rome structures governing the Empire I Less that the towns are working together but that it all goes back to Rome Bantuspeaking people o In the textbook and on my study guide 0 How you see this language group spread over a large expanse of Africa and create a uniformity for one of the first times Roman Republic o quotSeriously like 4 different answers take your pick 0 Government structure military etc AntiBuddhist campaigns 0 Tang period 0 The Buddhist monks have a lot of power so as the dynasty starts to fall the government tries to strip them of their power 0 Not as much as they don t want people to be Buddhist but the economic and quotpoliticalquot power of the monasteries Cultural spheres 0 Defined as different political entities that share cultural and often religious unity Prusa 0 Rome 0 One of the cities in the network of towns
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