History 150: The Russian Revolution
History 150: The Russian Revolution 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 03/25/16
3/25/16: The Russian Revolutions The Russian Revolution(s) of 1917 ***test questions*** The Eastern Front: o First country to crack under pressure of total war. o Russia fighting Germany and Austria. o The Russian army. Large population was the one good thing that they had going for them. 15 million soldiers were mobilized to fight. “The Russian Steamroller.” Russian women in combat. 7,0009,000 women. “Women’s battalion of death.” o The major problem for the army? The lack of weapons was the major problem for the Russian army. Rifles: o 1 in 3 soldiers did not have a rifle. o In some places, 9 out of 10 soldiers did not have a rifle. o The Russians had ½ the artillery of the Germans. Lagging behind in Industrial Revolution. 3/25/16: The Russian Revolutions They will provide more weapons as the war continues, but there will be trouble in getting them up to the front of the line. o By the end of 1916: Pounded by the German army. 2 million Russian soldiers had been killed. 46 million had been wounded or captured. Soldiers started deserting the army. Soldiers lost faith in their military leadership. o 1915: Czar Nicholas II went to the front and took personal command of the military campaign. Only ruler in Europe to do this. Believed his presence at the front would boost the morale of the solders, and encourage them to fight. Had no previous military knowledge. Listened to his wife, Alexandra. o This decision will come back to haunt him, o He will be blamed for the military result on the eastern front. o People will start to undermine his regime. The Home Front: o Experiencing material hardships due to the war. o Issues/ discontent on the home front. Food shortages: Bread (most important). o Bread lines become the center of discontent. o Women spend 40 hours a week in bread lines. Potatoes. Meat. Price will rise resulting in an inflation. Also lead to demonstration and strikes. o February 23, 1917: 10,000 women in Petrograd (the capital of Russia) held a demonstration that led to the FEBRUARY REVOLUTION. Chanting slogans to channel their discontent: o “Bread for Workers” o “Down with Starvation.” o “Bread and Peace.” o “Down with the Czar.” Key developments. o Told other factory workers to leave their jobs and join the demonstration. 3/25/16: The Russian Revolutions Day 1: 87,000 workers joined the demonstrations. 3 days later: the number of demonstrators had swelled to about 300,000. o Shops and factories closed down. o Transportation had stopped running. Nicholas ordered troops in Petrograd to despise the crowds. o Significant number of them defected and joined them demonstrations. March 2, 1917: o Czar Nicholas II abdicated from the throne. o He was replaced by a PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT. They wanted to establish a democratic system in Russia. Made the unpopular decision to continue fighting in the war. “We must fight to preserve Russia’s honor.” April 1917: o Lenin and some of his Socialist followers—the Bolsheviks—arrived in Petrograd. Believed this was their chance to seize power in Russia. Develop a Social Estate in Russia. Karl Marx: Revolution will take place in the most industrial, capitalist society. The downtrodden exploited proletariat will lead to the revolution. Lenin’s campaign for followers. “Peace, Land, Bread, Now.” “All power to the Soviets.” o Worker’s councils. o Workers will have control of industry. By 1917: o Lenin had attracted about 250,000 followers. Lennon Trotsky/ Red Guard (militia). o What Is To Be Done? (1902). The revolution in Russia will be led by a small party of professional revolutionaries. October 2425, 1917: o Trotsky and the Red Guard led the OCTOBER REVOLUTION. The Bolshevik seizure of power.
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