Alcohol 10/22- 2nd Lecture and Readings for Exam 3 material
Alcohol 10/22- 2nd Lecture and Readings for Exam 3 material NUTR 400 L21
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Krasko on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to NUTR 400 L21 at University of New Hampshire taught by Professor Jesse Morrell in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Nutrition Health & Well Being in Biological Sciences at University of New Hampshire.
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Date Created: 10/27/15
1022 I am not hired by the University just a fellow student taking my notes during lectures and Readings Alcohol What is Alcohol EthanolD alcohol produced by yeast being distilled In beer wine spirits Not a nutrient but holds 7 kcalgram DrinkD doessvg of an alcoholic beverage that delivers 12 oz of pure alcohol 0 12 oz beer 0 5 02 wine 0 1 12 oz spirits Fermentation Distillationl the process to concentrate beverage Fermentationl l process that makes Ethanol How its done Take Yeast and Break it becomes Sugar CarbohydratesD breaks into ethanol and carbon dioxide The C02 gas bubbles then get out and leave only ethanol and water behind Pure Ethanol 200 proof 12 ethanol 100 proof Different forms of alcohol are made by adding various sources of sugar 0 Examples Crushed grapes wine Malted barleybeer Sugar canemolasses rum Grain potatoes other vodkaspirits The technique used to make the beverage determines the alcohol content Alcohol in the Body No digestion needed for ethanol before alcohol is absorbed Some digestion in stomach 20 max most absorption in small intestine After absorption alcohol enters bloodstream then goes to brain Alcohol raises urine output Body ghts ethanol increases excretion Amount of alcohol absorbed in stomach depends on amount you eat Alcohol Metabolism Liver 1 site for alcohol metabolism Metabolized before any other nutrient Once alcohol is in the body it39s the 1 priority Body will stop metabolizing everything else and go for the alcohol This is because there s no place to store alcohol in the body Oxidization process that prevents alcohol from accumulating and destroying cells and organs M4 alcohol dehydrogenase system stomach mostly liver 0 In charge of about 8090 alc Metabolism Metabolism breaking down ethanol into not dangerous material MEOS Microsomal ethanoloxidizing system Liver 0 Dual roles o 10 acl Metabolism Small amount excreted by breath and urine Rate about 12 1 drink per hour Individual variation in metabolism 0 Size Age Gender Ethnicity Expe ence 0000 System grows larger with high alcohol use Metabolized both alcohol and many medications When alcohol and medications are taken together 0 Alcohol will prioritize o Medications will be more potent What happens with excessive intake Acute and chronic abuse When EOH intake exceeds liver metabolism BAC rises BACD describes blood alcohol level gEOHdL blood 2129 early on relaxed Lowered alertness thought impaired judgment effected 3039 middle severe depression unconsciousness possible death 40 or high Alcohol poisoning Death EpisodicBinge Drinking Sor more drinks in a row for men 4 or more for woman Intoxication is the intent lncrease risk of alcohol poisoning Most serious physical result cardiac arrhythmia Health Effects of Alcohol 1 or less drink a day for woman 2 or less for men is average 0 You see some sort of bene ts with this within adults Some should abstain No known safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy Bene ts Eldery increased appetite and dietary intake Middle age and older adults lower LDL higher HDL Harmful effects Degrades body proteins causing Cognitive impairment Malnutrition Earlier dementia Abdominal obesity Cancers OOOOO Effects on Liver Longterm excessive intake progressive damage 0 Fatty liver 0 Alcoholic hepatitis in ammation of liver tissue 0 Cirrhosis Only one irreversible Scarring of liver tissue As it becomes more developed can lead to liver failure Effects on Nutrition Displaced diet empty calories Primary deficiencies poor intake Secondary deficiencies altered metabolism absorption and excretion of nutrients Higher risk of protein energy malnutrition PEM Higher risk of micronutrient de ciencies o BVITAMINS o Fatsoluble vitamins 0 Calcium magnesium zinc iron Part most effected by acute alcohol abuse The brain In ACUTE ALCOHOL ABUSE