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HIST 150 Week 9 Notes

by: Whitney Kendall

HIST 150 Week 9 Notes Hist 150-002

Whitney Kendall

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Notes from 3/21-3/25. Include the Crisis of 1794 up to events leading to the election of Thomas Jefferson.
U.S. History to 1876
Tracy L Brady
Class Notes
hist, history, jefferson, crisis, 1794
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Kendall on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150-002 at Colorado State University taught by Tracy L Brady in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1876 in History at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 03/25/16
3/21/16 Crisis of 1794  Unable to subdue Indians  British and Spanish encroachment on US territory, didn’t let them use portions of Oregon and Mississippi river  British blockades, seizing American ships.  Includes Whisky Rebellion, and the treaties Whisky Rebellion  Tax on all whiskey and its production  William Miller o Argued with tax collector, his neighbors showed up during the argument and scare them away o Become Mingo Creek Democratic Society- the neighbors, they want to do a citizen’s arrest, burn his house down o Tar and feather tax collectors o Known as the Whiskey Rebellion  George Washington used troops to get taxes, stayed with it to show that they are committed to order. Jay’s Treaty- November 1794  Washington sends John Jay to Britain to discuss problems: attacking ships, building forts  Negotiated with them to vacate American land by 1796 and to stop attacking ships  Not very successful Pinckney’s Treaty- Fall 1795  Move boarder from Spanish Florida to the 33 parallel- US got more land  Got them to stop harassing Americans and allowed them to use the Mississippi River  Much more successful- was with Spain  These two treaties show the power in both countries o England- Is powerful, has strong navy, 19 century is their century o Spain- “has-been” nation, they aren’t as strong as they used to be Battle of Fallen Timbers- August 1794  General “Mad” Anthony Wayne  Miami Confederacy will be defeated  Treaty of Greenville o 12 different native American tribes seated large portions of land to the US o Present day Ohio and most of Indiana o Worked backwards; fought and moved there first, then made a treaty o Put end to native American resistance in that region Political Parties  Federalists o Supporters of law and order o Favored a strong federal government o Believed in a strong court system, strong national military o Don’t have much faith in the ordinary person to govern themselves o More in the North o Government should work for economic and business interest  Republicans o Thought the federalists were just shy of being a monarchy o Opposed strong court system and military  Thought it was a threat to normal people o More in the South o More faith in ordinary people’s ability to govern themselves especially those who were educated. Presidential Campaign of 1796  John Adams (Fed) vs. Thomas Jefferson (Rep)  Parties become stronger in middle states  Adams got the most votes, the second most votes becomes the Vice President, Jefferson became the Vice President o Awkward because they are political rivals  Adams biggest problem in his presidency was Alexander Hamilton (Fed) XYZ Affair  French are angry about Jay’s Treaty, seizing US ships  Suspend diplomatic relations with US- usually is a step towards war  French are demanding the Americans pay $250,000 before they even sit down to talk, then demand more to even make a treaty. o Republicans think Adams is making this up  Anti-French sentiment comes over the country- Adams stands up to French- people like him more  Starts preparing for war in spring of 1798 o Army triples o Congress gets navy in order, and start building ships o Ships start retaliating and capture over 80 ships, people are worried of an invasion Alien and Sedition Acts- Summer 1798  4 acts that threated freedoms of speech, the press, and foreigners in the US  Naturalization Act: Extended the time to apply to be able to be a citizen from 5 years to 14 years  Alien Act and Alien Enemies Act: Gave President the authorization to deport or imprison any suspected alien or non-citizen in times of war  Sedition Act: The government can either put heavy fines or imprison people who write, or speak badly of the government  Federalists use this to try to keep the Republicans from acting up- but this makes them act even more like a political party. Things sometimes became violent between the parties  Federalists saw republicans as treasonous, Republicans were more rational Virginia and Kentucky Resolves (Resolutions)  Jefferson and Madison write that the constitution is a compact between the states and that the states have the power to nullify the laws if the Government is abusing the power, and the states have the right to go their own way if the government is abusing power  Slave states will use this to help them secede from the US 3/23/16 Snow Day 3/25/16 American Culture  Charles Wilson Peale- Artist wrote about propaganda  Student of Benjamin West  Peale collected exotic items and specimens Book Peddler  Packed books and almanacs onto his donkey and took them to rural areas- improved literacy Thomas Paine  Got very interested in the French Revolution and writes The Rights of Men based on it  He goes to France to help, his faction fails and he is thrown in jail  In jail he wrote The Age of Reason that is targeting organized religion. He was not religious. Federalists did not like it, but it was a popular book John Filson  Colonists were curious, who is the American and the American character?  Filson wrote about Daniel Boone the pioneer. He was the “New Man” who was tough, self-reliant, the perfect American. The Western Hero Parson Weems tale of the Cherry Tree  Washington dies in 1799, in 1800 a biography is written for him by Parson Weems  Fabricated stories he made, the most famous being the Cherry Tree- came from Weems own past when his son cut down a tree and told the truth and was severely punished- Weems is guilty and writes the story in guilt. Books for Women  1791 Charlotte Temple written by Suzanna Rowson  Huge sales  Women’s literacy rate was starting to go up, girls were going to elementary school more  Story about Charlotte Temple and how her parents met. Mr. Temple meets Lucy his wife after bailing captain Eldredge out of debtors jail. Mr. Temple and Lucy have a daughter, (charlotte) and live in a cottage with captain Eldredge. African Americans in Post-Revolutionary US  Some changes with in whites opinions on blacks,  8% of blacks were free, either earned it or purchased it  Changes for slaves o In 1791 in North Carolina ruled there is no difference between killing a black or white person o Most states have outlawed Atlantic slave trade- Middle Passage is disappearing o Legal equality for free blacks- lifted restrictions on movement and militia involvement o Laws to protect black property rights o 1796 free African Americans could vote- nothing was prohibiting them from voting o 1800 all of that is gone, states start passing prohibition laws  Cant join militias  Can’t vote  Can’t be on a jury  1793- Fugitive Slave Act o If you know a person is a runaway you have to make sure they go back to slavery o Owners didn’t care if they actually got back their runaway, it could be any person that looks good for being a slave- could even take a free African American. Gabriel’s Rebellion  Gabriel Prosser- skilled slave from Virginia o Blacksmith. In older slave states tobacco hasn’t been as profitable and owners started to hire out their trusted and skilled slaves to other jobs and even let them go find their own jobs. Money would go to owners, sometimes gave back to the slaves o Jobs sometimes employed free white workers had a lot in common with slaves that are doing jobs for a wealthy owner. o Saw it was a class issue not a race issue- thought whites would come together with blacks to fight against the rich- he was wrong o White workers still saw themselves as better  Planned a rebellion in 1800 that the poor working whites would join with blacks  Didn’t work because… o Giant rain storm and flooding o No whites or slaves join him- only got 35 slaves  They did give slaves a chance to speak before they are executed o Used American Revolution words- wanted inalienable rights o 10 slaves were executed  Put restrictions on slaves and hiring them out, re-legalized life threatening violence, took away rights to becoming literate Elections of Jefferson  End of the Virginia Kentucky Resolve when Republicans take office  French start making overtures of peace- releasing US ships  John Adams decides he wants to talk with the French  Hamiltonian Federalists try to stop it, they don’t want the pseudo-war to end with French  Adams decides to resign, VP was Jefferson- Federalists don’t want this.  Federalists were worried about domestic issues like taxation o Taxes on houses- In Eastern Pennsylvania there was a tax rebellion o Adams sends troops to crack down on it- men are captured and go to trial and are sentenced to death. His Hamiltonian cabinet wants it, but Adams wants to pardon them and they’ve been punished enough- he does do it. o Kicks off those people from his cabinet  Hamilton and Adams start a war with words  Aaron Burr publishes the letter written by Hamilton- shows how divided the federalists are and how they are falling apart.  Caucuses are starting for campaigning


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