Week 4 Notes: Lecture 7
Week 4 Notes: Lecture 7 ARH 209
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Notetaker on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 209 at University of Oregon taught by Walley A in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Hist of Japanese Art >1 >IC in Art History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/27/15
ARH209 History of Japanese Art Lecture 7 October 20 2015 Function amp Ornamentation 2 Castles and Armor Medieval Period 1 Samurai to serve Nara period emperor introduced the idea of hierarchy within warriors emperor elected courtiers to take care of the villages who hired caretakers themselves and the caretakers hired warriors in case of conflict Shogun period introduced the warrior as a quotrulerquot warriors gained status and power and would go to the emperor to get permission to control certain areas Kyoto was technically the political center but the actual political action moved East to Kamakura quotbakufuquottent government Armor Different armor showed difference in status between warriors great warriors were rewarded in more impressive armor motifs on armor were unique to the warrior and depicted specific aspects of their life 3 different styles of armor yoroi domamaru and tosei gusoku KeikoStyle Armor Earliest known armor style which became a template for later armor styles Suittype armor made of layered metal plates scales lacquered to harden and protect from water damage and tied together with silk strings Sik strings were both functional and ornamental Haniwa of a Male Warrior The earliest evidence ofJapanese armor Keikostyle YoroiStyle Armor HeianKamakura Period Best suited for archer on horse YoroiType Armor with Red Leather Lacing s draped over the shoulders with an additional piece worn on the left flank two additional smaller chest pieces a neck piece and a 4panel skirtlike piece with slits for mobility Made with scales and leather lacing YoroiType Armor with Lacing of White Threads Medieval 1 Exam Slides pg 2 Similar to the armor with red leather lacing but the lacing is white instead to make the warrior more visible the leather is dyed to show Buddhist motifs symbolic of the warrior becoming the diety and the helmets are fashioned with ornaments that relate to the warrior s family Armor ornamentation was also treated as burial garb since there was a good chance the warrior would die in the armor thus motifs were a means of orienting the body DomamaruStyle Armor Muromachi Period Originally for infantry suited for closecombat with swords Foot soldiers didn t have helmets due to their weight but the horseback warriors did DomaruType Armor with Lacing of Black Leather Thongs Medieval 1 Exam Slides pg 3 Retains the shoulder drapery and helmet style of yoroitype armor but the body armor began to be tied all the way around the body and the skirt portion was divided into 8 panels providing for more mobility Tosei GusokuStyle Armor MuromachiMomoyama Period Designed for organized battle between large groups of footsoldiers with additional protection against European style muskets Large elaborate helmets which retain the neck guard but the ornamentation becomes large and overpowering to emphasize the warrior s presence on the battlefield most elaborate helmet ornamentation of the 3 types or armor Armor over the torso was completely metal put together with hinges instead of thread sometimes strings were added to retain the ornamental quality other portions of the armor retained the string lacing thigh guard is smaller with the addition of pieces that tie around the legs shoulder drapery covers the entire arm Tosei GusokuStyle with Lacing of Black Threads Medieval 1 Exam Slides pg 4 Armor was discovered accompanied by a painting of a warrior wearing it which is rare Made of lacquered leather silk and metal Video quotFog Battle Scene in The Last Samurai Shows a variety of all armor styles discussed Castle Architecture Site of Takeda Mountain Castle ntroduces the idea of fortification Built up on manmade staggered hills away from the village motes were used both horizontally and vertically bridges were used so that they could easily be burned down for further protection Meant to be a temporary structure Reconstructive Painting of the Azuchi Castle Shows that the castle elaborately decorated and was built on a hill adjacent to a lake and major crossroad meaning the castle was meant to be seen impress and intimidate The base of the castle was made of builtup stone elevating the castle itself as a defense mechanism Castle was burned down in battle Matsumoto Castle Medieval 1 Exam Slides pgs 56 Surrounded by several motes and bridges that could be burned down in case of a threat but also has an escape route as a lastresort Lacquered exterior and tiled roof meant for protection against fire as well as decoration Photos of these pieces have been posted in the Exam Slides on Canvas
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