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lecture notes

by: Brittany Notetaker

lecture notes Psys 100

Brittany Notetaker
GPA 3.5
Introduction to Psychological Science
Dr. Paul Biner

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About this Document

notes from Tuesday 10/27!
Introduction to Psychological Science
Dr. Paul Biner
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Notetaker on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psys 100 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Paul Biner in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychological Science in Psychlogy at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 10/27/15
Week 3 Post Test Observational Learning learn behaviors simply by observing others engaged in those behavior 0 4 points to remember 0 Reinforcement is not required 0 This type of learning is not limited to humans 0 People do not need to be actively engaged in a behavior learn 0 Observational learning is not a simple process It requires the study of thinking cognitive processes Mirror neurons have been implicated in the process Chapter 8 Memory 0 Forgetting o Forgetting is often thought of in negative terms It is actually a positive phenomenon It gets rid of the trash or unnecessary information from our working memory 0 One of the earliest researched areas in forgetting dealt with partial forgetting The tipof thetongue phenomenon was rst described by William James in 1890 EXAMPLE OF TIPOFTHETONGUE PHENOMENON You are watching an old movie with a friend when she asks quotWhat s that actor s namequot You are certain you know the actor s name but you can t get the memory trace gtgtgtneurons carry memoriesfor some reason or another this neuron isn39t being redltltlt Source of the problem gtthe retrieval stage 50 how is the memory retrieved gtuse a memory trace that can be rememberedone that you are sure is linked with the trace that holds the lost memory gtboth are part of the same cell assembly If you can re the linked trace it will re the neuron with the lost memory You can use several methods gttry to recall the face and voice of the actor as well as much detail as possible gtuse common male names one of them might be right gttry to remember other movies the actor has been in gt90 through the alphabet phonetically for the sound Again the tipof thetongue phenomenon is a problem with the retrieval stage 0 Forgetting is due to a faulty processing in one of the three stages of memory Encoding Encoding problems pseudo forgetting o Pseudo forgetting occurs when you try to retrieve info that was never put into memory in the rst place It is not forgetting at all it just seems like it is Storage 0 Storage problems 0 Decay memories tend to fade with time they become less clearprecise and are subject to distortion 0 Interference when other memory information tampers or blocks a particular memory causing you to forget 2 types of interference o Proactivewhen prior learning interferes with something you learned you forget you learn everything you YOU learn algebra psychology later learned about psychology Retroactivewhen new learning blocks older info you have learned you forget you learn everything you psychology later learned about biology you learn biology Retrieval Retrieval problems 0 the tipof thetongue phenomenon o Psychogenic amnesia Memory repressing willful or motivated forgetting Your memory can t retrieve the info because you really don t want to Sometimes repressing a terrible even will take other info along with it o Somatogenic amnesia Amnesia that occurs due to brain damage Forgetting everything is possible but it is extremely rare IMPORTANT Usually selective memory loss occurs with actual brain damage 0 Type an extent of memory loss depends on where and how badly on where and how badly the brain has been damaged 0 Active forgetting enhances memory 0 One of the most effective memory techniques is rehearsal o This is known because of Herman Ebbinghaus in the 18805


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