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Week of 03/21 Notes

by: Alexis Reynolds

Week of 03/21 Notes HIST 1200 (History, Angela Bell, Survey of American History Since 1865)

Alexis Reynolds

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Covers Monday and Wednesday notes
Survey of American History Since 1865
Steven Watts
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Reynolds on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1200 (History, Angela Bell, Survey of American History Since 1865) at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Steven Watts in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History Since 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 03/25/16
The City 1939 Music by Aaron Copeland About urban reform movements Looking back to past (rural values, the folk) Creation of suburban life World War II: The International Crisis I: The Rise of Fascism II: American Neutrality III: World at War IV: The American Century Terms Benito Mussolini “American First” Committee Adolf Hitler Lend-Lease Act Munich Pact Tri-partite Pact German-Soviet Non-Aggression Act Pearl Harbor Isolationism D-day Internationalism Henry Luce  Two biggest crisis’s: o Great Depression (1030’s) o World War II  Threatened existence of Unites States I: The Rise of Fascism  1920-03’s Great Depression o International o Particularly bad in Europe o Shook economic in European places o Suggest failure of democracy o Gave rise to fascism in Europe (political movement)  Italy, Benito Mass o 1 big dramatic example of fascism (1920’s) o Changed government a lot o Took over politics o Expands crusade in Africa (Ethiopia) o Recapturing the greatness in Roe  Germany, Adolf Hitler o Rise of socialist party (Nazi) o Make advances in politics o 1930, elected chancellor, powerful o Beat up opponent, outlawed o “Today Germany, tomorrow the world” (slogan)  Japan o Military imperialism o Invade Manchuria (1930) o Expand southeast Asia  Characteristic’s in common o Authority governments  Non-democratic o Intensity nationalist  Not just patriotic (specific to country)  Mythical destiny of people  Recapture the past  Mussolini (recapture power of Rome) o Radically exclusive  Glorifying ethic/racial purity  Wipe out other groups  Mussolini/Hitler gives Jews a bad time in Europe  War in Europe o Comes from Germany expansion o Hitler wanted to build up military/air force o Mid 1930’s German military is biggest and most powerful o Hitler aimed to expand Germany in central Europe o English and French are worried  Munich Conference which lead to the Munich Pact o French and English get together with Hitler to talk about German expansion o Hitler refuses to back down o French and English try to make agreement  Hitler can take over Techilsivac, he will stop after that o Chamberlin makes announcement about peace o Hitler took over whole country o 1939, shook the European system (German-Soviet Non- Aggression Act between Hitler and Stalin) o Communist government in Russia and German government hates each other  Agreed to not be enemies  September 1939, Hitler launched invasion on Poland (between Soviet Union and Germany)  Stalin let Hitler invade Poland  Staling moved to Poland (east)  Started WW2  English declared war on Germany  In a few days, broke out in war  Germany army launched an attack on low countries (Belgium, Denmark, Norway, and France) o French surrendered, German took over o June 1940, England still making it II: American Neutrality  1930’s, embraced isolationism (official policy of American government) o Not getting involved in war  WW1 disillusion experience  Didn’t want to get into war again  American First Committee o Isolationist company o Inducing minding own business o Charles Lindbergh  Big supporter, made speeches o Henry Ford  Roosevelt was not an isolationist o Embraced internationalism  Argue America wasn’t biggest economy  Can not come home and stay there  Intention interest (economy, politically) o Understands most people isolationist o Stayed under radar o Ex. Lend-Lease Act (1940’s, passed 1941)  Clever  Military support to England  Giving military supplies (tanks, air support)  Not directly involved  Becomes artisal of democracy  Asia, far east o 1930-40’s, growing tension with American government o Expanded o Tri-partite Pact (1940)  Multiple defense treaty (alliance between Germany, Japan, and Italy)  Pearl Harbor (Dec. 4 , 1941) o Sneak attack from Japanese on American naval base (Hawaii) o Morning/wave of Japanese bomber planes o Battle ships went down/hurt o 2,5000 people killed (Americans) o Part of fleet were in ocean and weren’t destroyed o Dec. 25 , Roosevelt “date that with live in infirmly”  Passed on declaration of war  United States WW2 end of 1941 III: World at War  Massive mobilization in United States o Declaration war in couple days o Commanded massive mobilization  Economy, massive order of war equipment o Tanks, uniforms, guns, etc. o American industry giving up to meet that demand o Pulled out of depression o Thousands of people hired o Gross amount of product doubled  1945, end of WW2 o 86,000 tanks o 300,000 airplanes o 6,500 naval ships o 15,000,000 machine guns, rifles  Expansion of government buracay o 1941, 1 million o 1945, 4 million  Armed forces exploded in size o End of WW2, 15 million were in armed service o 31 million registered in draft words  Europe o Hitler made worse military mistakes  1941, tear up Soviet  Invade Russia  Disaster  Russia is huge country  Invasion fails, used a lot of man power  United States, England, and France planned invasions o D-day (June 6, 1944)  Invade Enormity region  1945, Russian (east), American and English (west) o Surrounded Berlin o Hitler commits suicide o German government surrenders  Pacific o Naval war o America rebuilds o Push towards Japan o 1944-45, island hopping campaign  Atomic bomb in Japan o America used atomic bomb (summer 1945) o Jandn refused to surrender, dropped in Hiroshima o 2 bomb in another city in Japan o Later, Japan government surrendered IV: The American Century  Most powerful nation (military and economically)  Henry Luce (Time and Life magazine) o American Century (publish essay, beginning of war)  Argued that A. would be leader of the world o War brought essay to life  Lurking real issues o Causalities of WW2  300,00 killed  700,000 wounded o Soviet Union  21 million people killed o Concentration camps (death camps)  Nazi tried exterminated Jews  6 million Jews o Atomic bomb  Suggest in new and dangerous territory


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