American Government POLS 1101
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leilani Batz on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 at University of West Georgia taught by Shun Waymon in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/230226/pols-1101-university-of-west-georgia in Political Science at University of West Georgia.
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Date Created: 10/27/15
Chapter Political Parties and Campaigns Political party platforms Democratic and Republic Political party symbols DonkeyDemocratic ElephantRepublican Ticket splitting Voting for candidates ofdifferent political parties in the same election such as voting both for a Democrat for president and a Republican Political party A group of individuals who organize to win elections operate the government and determine policy Dixiecrats Any ofthe Southern Democrats who seceded from the party in 1948 in opposition to its policy of extending civil rights Canvassing Solicit votes from electors in a district Soft Money A contribution to a political party that is not accounted as going to a particular candidate thus avoiding various legal limitations Political Action Committee An organization that raises money privately and employs lobbyists to influence legislation Era of Good Feeling Phrase used to describe the years following the War of 1812 when one party the Jeffersonian Republicans dominated politics and a spirit of nationalism characterized public policy Chapter VotingElectoral Process Georgia 16 electoral votes California55 electoral votes Texas38 electoral votes Florida29 electoral votes New York29 electoral votes Electoral College Each state has a number of electors equal to the number of its US senators 2 in each state plus the number of its US representatives which varies according to the state39s population On the Monday following the second Wednesday in December the electors of each state meet in their respective state capitals to of cially cast their votes for president and vice president These votes are then sealed and sent to the president ofthe Senate who on Jan 6 opens and reads the votes in the presence of both houses of Congress The winner is sworn into office at noon Jan 20 Maintaining electionsame person same position Realigning electionreturning to a position once held Smith vs Allwright lt overturned the Democratic Party39s use of allwhite primaries in Texas and other states where the party used the rule Lonnie E Smith a black voter in Harris County Texas sued county election of cial 8 S Allwright forthe right to vote in a primary election being conducted by the Democratic Party The Court agreed that the restricted primary denied Smith his protection under the law and found in his favor Colgrove vs Green Colegrove arose from the failure of Illinois to redistrict its Congressional delegation since 1901 Many citizens sued but congress issued that Article section IV of the US Constitution left to the legislature of each state the authority to establish the time place and manner of holding elections for representatives Baker vs Carr Baker was born in Shelby County Tennessee and was suing Carr for not redistricted since the census of 1901 Carr was not in charge of redistricting but the state legislatures were This case was a landmark US Supreme Court that caused Congress to question stepping in and decide reapportionment cases Shaw vs Reno The case involved the redistricting of North Carolina afterthe 1990 census North Carolina had a district that was majority black and the state wanted to improve representation of black voters The court ruled in a 54 decision that redistricting based on race must be held to a standard of strict scrutiny under the equal protection clause Miller vs Johnson The case was brought to court by white voters in the Eleventh Congressional District ofthe state of Georgia The area that had a majority of blacks was meant to raise the chances of being elected It was declared unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution according to the interpretation in Shaw v Reno Chapter Presidency Wildavsky the idea ofincrementalism in budgeting meaning that the most important predictor ofa future political budget is the prior one not a rational economic or decision process undertaken by the state Barber s Theory 0 Presidential Character Schlesinger popularized theterm imperial presidency served as assistant to President kennedy Chapter Bureaucracx bihed economic s clology ahdthe sociology or religion He emphasized the importance of cultural influences embedded in religion as a means tor capitalism authority into distincttorms which he labeled as charismatic traditionai and rationale legal Woodrow Wilson Also known as ldeallsm stating that a state should make its internal political philosophy the goal or its toreign policy sooils stem a practice where a political party arterwinmng an election gwes governmehtlobs to its voters as a reward torworking toward Vlctoly and as an lrlcerltlve to keep working torthe party This reters to the Vlctoly or the dackson emocrats in the election or me Pendleton Act orlaal stipulated that governmehtlobs should be awarded on the basis or merit it also made it illegal to tire or demote government employees tor political easons and created the United States Clvll Service c mmission Chagte Foreign Policy Cold War The state of political hostility that eXlSIed between the SOVlel bloc countries aridthe Useled Western powers from 1945t0 1990 NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security World Bank One of the world s largest sources of development assistance the World Bank supports the efforts of developing country governments to build schools and health centers provide water and electricity ght disease and protect the environment IMF The International Monetary Fund IMF works to foster international monetary cooperation secure financial stability facilitate international trade promote high employment and sustainable economic growth and reduce poverty around the world Created in 1945 the IMF is governed by and accountable to the 187 countries that make up its nearglobal membership Chapter EconomyNVelfare Recession A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced generally identi ed by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters The NorrisLaGuardia Act of 1932 barred federal courts from issuing injunctions against nonviolent labor disputes and created a positive right of noninterference by employers against workers joining trade unions Keynesian thought based on the ideas of 20thcentury English economist John Maynard KeynesKeynesian economics argues that private sector decisions sometimes lead to inefficient macroeconomic outcomes and therefore advocates active policy responses by the public sector Full employment A situation in which all available labor resources are being used in the most economically ef cient way Full employment embodies the highest amount of skilled and unskilled labor that could be employed within an economy at any given time Morrill Act The grant was originally set up to establish institutions in each state that would educate people in agriculture home economics mechanical arts and other professions that were practical at the time Chapter State amp Local Government Mismatch hypothesis that organisms possess traits including behavioral emotional and biological that have been passed down through generations preserved by natural selection because oftheir adaptive function in a given environment Cultures of poverty a social theory that expands on the cycle of poverty Proponents ofthistheory argue that the poor are not simply lacking resources but also have a unique value system
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