New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

General Climatology

by: Jevon Schmidt

General Climatology GEOG 310

Jevon Schmidt
GPA 3.65

Mark Schwartz

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Mark Schwartz
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Geography

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jevon Schmidt on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 310 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Mark Schwartz in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see /class/230277/geog-310-university-of-wisconsin-milwaukee in Geography at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.


Reviews for General Climatology


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/27/15
Needs 9 GIF Geography 310 Lecture 28 Coping with Future Climate and Environments A Causes of Changereview 1 CO2 CH4 CFC deforestation all contribute to the retention of extra heat in the Earth39s systems a global warming at some level is expected throughout the 21st century B Process of Change GIF1 1 quasiintransitive model suggests that quick adjustments may be made when certain P 4 U 0 levels are reached a adds to the dif culty in predicting the sequence of change how we get from the present climate to a iture one Interactions of the Ocean and Atmosphere not completely understood IPCC report says Warming of the climate system is unequivocal NO chance of error MDS as is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures widespread melting of snow and ice and rising global average sea level IPCC report adds that Most of the observed increase in global average temperatures since the mid20th century is very likely 10 chance of errorMDS due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations Discernible human in uences now extend to other aspects of climate including ocean warming continentalaverage temperatures temperature extremes and wind patterns IPCC report expects a 18 to 40 C increase in mean global temperature and 18 to 59 cm increase in sea level by 2100 this range also depends on iture emissions see IPCC WGl Summary for details Other expected changes between now and 2100 Virtually certain less than 1 chance of error a Warmer and fewer cold days and nights over most land areas b Warmer and more frequent hot days and nights over most land areas Very likely less than 10 chance oferror c Frequency increases of warm spellsheat waves over most land areas d Frequency increases of heavy precipitation events over most land areas Likely less than 34 chance oferror 6 Areas affected by droughts increase f Intense tropical cyclone activity increases Increased incidence of extreme high sea level excluding tsunami s g 7 Even a complete stop in additional emissions ie constant year 2000 levels throughout the rest of this century will still almost certainly result in about a 06 C global temperature increase by 2100 Geog 310 Lecture 28 2 8 Strategies must be geared toward climate changes as one of SEVERAL problems of potential threat to the LONG TERM centuryscale viability of the planet a ultimate degree of validity or falseness of global warming scenarios may be less important than its possibility forcing humanity to AT LAST seriously consider their collective negative impacts on the planet Global Change Research C lmpediments to dealing with Global Change 1 dif cult to arrange planning on the 10100 year time scale 2 dif cult to achieve international cooperation GIF2 3 Quality of life versus environmental quality dilemma GIF3 a world population continues to grow at an alarming rate GIF456 b agricultural area continues to shrink c conjures up NeoMalthusian doom scenarios D Notion of a sustainable society is a global system that can be maintained over the LONG TERMONE set of quotsuggestionsquot based on positive planning rather that forced reaction to changing circumstances 1 current system is not sustainable 2 westem high living standards can be maintained 3 standards for the rest of the world can be raised E Aspects of a plan to make the transition to a sustainable society 1 assumptions a new technologies will be developed but can39t be counted on to save us b fossil fuels cannot remain our main energy source inde nitely c population levels can39t go over about 89 billion either will be controlled or there will be mass starvation 2 Increase energy ef ciency and reduce consumption a economical as new power plants cost 78 cents per Kwh while improved ef ciency averages 1 to 2 cents per Kwh b increase efficiency of homes and appliances c more use of public transportation bicycles and telecommuting GIF78 3 Energy movement to solar solarhydrogen and wind power a tax oil and gas and use money to research alternative b solar and wind are nearly competitive now with coal red plants c important roles for hydropower biomass and geothermal energy GIF9 d Internet development reduces need for travel e reexamination of a role for nuclear power 4 Third world development a developed world forgives debt as incentive to slow population growth b take a different path to development with solar wind and hydropower Geog 310 Lecture 28 3 5 Recyclingnew ethic ECONOMICALLY soundreuse to reduce waste ow a simplify food packagingpackage cost more than contents in many cases b adopt standard beverage containers for direct reuse c recycle other materialsnewspaper aluminum d burn other biomass for fuel when not feasible to reuse 6 Feeding the world a less meat less monoculturesustainable systems a priority b reduce pollution to reduce stress on plants and animals F Global Security rede ned 1 Security may be acquiring an ecological aspect as opposed to the traditional military de nition some aspects of western culture may be incompatible with a sustainable World e g consumerism and materialism For the USA Do national security goals energy independence etc call for similar action strategies to those needed to address global warming The opportunity to shape the lture positively in all areas diminishes the longer we wait to begin a can we make the transition b do we want to make the transition P LN 4 Geography 310 Lecture 1 Introduction to Climatology Needs 3x5 cards syllabi Lect731071ppt A What is Climatology 1 Atmospheric Science relationship to physics and chemistry and Geography spatial distribution and interaction of atmospheric processes a meteorologygtshort termlthours to 1 week or 1 year b climatologygtlong termlt1 week or 1 year on up as well as interactions and processes includes scales beyond human frame of reference c analytic approachesdescriptive statistical mathematical synoptic PPl d spatial scalemicrolocal Milwaukee meso Wisconsin macro North America and implications of research at each level generalizations B What are the general goals of climate research 1 what is a quotnormalquot climate description ie means and extremes a usually a 30 year average changing each ten years 1951 80 for example 2 how will climate change a not enough data for detailed forecasts also processes of change are not completely understood b quotproxyquot data quotom geologic and biological sources used to produce fairly accurate but sketchy records of past climates c past climates can be used to extrapolate long term climate changes like ice age return d climate models are used to predict the iture mathematically and to try to understand past climates e human activities in uence all scales of climate and may change climates ltltno human interaction in the past so past data cannot re ect the quothuman componentquotgtgt and we have little direct evidence to explore possible iture effects 3 How does climate a ect other processes and human activities Applied PP2 a atmospherebiospherelithospherehydrosphere interactions b humanhousing design agriculture hydrology drought health and comfort energy use economy C General Climatology this course 1 Basic goalunderstanding of the general patterns of world climate and the processes that in uence them macro scale patterns models of global climate processes that produce the global climate distribution esp mid lat circulation methods of classi cation Past and possible iture climates 9999 Geography 310 Lecture 1 2 Syllabus review of course mechanics 3 3x5 cards with name major interests reason for taking course 4 Class email re ector geog310uwmedu D Terminology 1 English and metric system PP3 2 Temperature Scales F C K PP4 3 parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude a N S ow quotmeridionalquot b EW ow quotzonalquot


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.