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Pest Safety Applic

by: Baby Haley

Pest Safety Applic PLNT 1150

Marketplace > University of Wyoming > Botany > PLNT 1150 > Pest Safety Applic
Baby Haley
GPA 3.77

Mark Ferrell

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About this Document

Mark Ferrell
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Baby Haley on Wednesday October 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PLNT 1150 at University of Wyoming taught by Mark Ferrell in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/230384/plnt-1150-university-of-wyoming in Botany at University of Wyoming.


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Date Created: 10/28/15
Terms for PLNT 1150 Active ingredient that part ofa chemical compound directly responsible for the control of the specified pest Acute toxicity single or short term exposure used to describe brief exposures and effects which appear promptly after exposure Adjuvant any materials such as wetting agents spreading agents stickers penetrants emulsifiers etc that are added to pesticide or spray mixtures that will enhance its performance Antagonism the phenomenon which results in a depression of compound activity when two or more chemicals are in close proximity or mixed together Antidote a practical immediate treatment that is medicinal or may include first aid in poisoning cases Aquifer Geologic formation of permeable rock sand or gravel Brand name or trade name the name number trade mark or designation applied to an economic poison of any particular description by the manufacturer distributor importer or render Biological control a natural means of pest control by enemies that occur in the area or may be introduced such as predators or plant disease Carcinogen any substance capable of producing cancer or a chemical which causes or induces cancer Carrier material added to an active ingredient to facilitate its preparation storage shipment or use Chemical name Drift scientific name ofthe active ingredient found in the formulated product The name is derived from the chemical structure of the active ingredient Emulsifier a material added to a pesticide formulation to facilitate its suspension in a liquid the movement of air borne pesticide particles by air motion or wind away from the intended target area Chlorosis the yellowing ofnormal green plant tissue Cholinesterase EPA an enzyme ofthe body necessary United States Environmental for proper nerve function that is Protection Agency inhibited or damaged by organophosphate or carbamate Formulation a mixture containing the active pesticide the carrier diluents and other additives required to make the material ready for application insecticides taken into the body by any route Chronic toxicity occurring over a long period of time either continuously or intermittently used to describe ongoing exposures and effects that develop only after a long exposure General use pesticide if a pesticide will harm the applicator or the environment very little or not at all when used as directed it will be ommon name labeled a general use pesticide a common chemical name given to a pesticide by a recognized committee on pesticide nomenclature Many pesticides are known by a number of trade or brand names but have only one recognized common name Inert ingredient that part ofa compound without toxic or killing properties sometimes called the carrier Integrated pest management multiple approaches to pest control resistant varieties mechanical natural enemies giving consideration to minimum pesticide use Compatible refers to chemical compounds that can be mixed together without detrimentally affecting the performance of either Contact pesticide Label kills plant tissue or causes an insect s death when it touches external parts all written printed or graphic matter on or attached to pesticide containers as required by law Defoliant a compound used to cause leaves LDSD or foliage to drop from the plant the amount of a chemical that is lethal to one half50 of the experimental animals exposed to it LDSOs are usually expressed as the weight of the chemical per unit of Degradation process of decomposing or breaking down of a pesticide into a less active compound or element body weight mgkg It may be fed oral LDSO applied to the Desiccant skin dermal LDSO or administered in the form of vapors inhalation LDSO a pesticide used as a harvest aid to dry up plant leaves and forage Low volume spray spray application of 5 to 20 gallons per acre rngkg milligrams per kilogram Same as parts per million Mutagenic capable of producing genetic changes or damage in a cell Oncogen a substance capable of producing benign or malignant tumors Pesticide any substance or mixture ofsub stances used to control pests such as insects insecticides rodents rodenticides weeds herbicides fungi fungicides or any other pests Pesticide tolerance amount of pesticide residue which may legally remain in or on agricultural produce at the time ofsale Phytotoxic poisonous or injurious to plants Posternergent pesticide application after the crop or pest has emerged Preernergent pesticide application before the crop or pest has emerged Preplant pesticide application before the crop is planted Reentry interval the period of time designated by Federal law between the application of certain hazardous pesticides and entry ofworkers into a field without protective clothing or equipment Residue the amount of pesticide that remain on or in the crop or animal at the time an analysis is made Restricted use pesticide a designation given to a pesticide by the EPA which restricts purchase and use of that pesticide to certi ed applicators The designation is given to pesticide which pose a potential hazard to applicators the general public or to the environment or may be highly toxic Selectivity a characteristic of some pes ticides whereby certain un desirable species are killed while others such as crop plants or beneficial insects are not Surfactant a material used to improve the emulsifying dispersing spreading wetting and other surface modifying properties of pesticide formulations Suspension a liquid in which very fine solid material is suspended but not dissolved Synergisrn compounds working together to produce an effect greater than the sum oftheir individual actions Systemic any compound that when absorbed into one part ofan organism becomes distributed or translocated throughout the organism Teratogenesis structural abnormalities of prenatal origin present at birth or manifested shortly after birth de fects Toxicity 1 The capacity or property ofa substance to cause adverse effects 2 The specific quantity of a substance which may be expected under specific conditions to do damage to a speci c living organism Translocation transfer offood or other material such as herbicides from one plant part to another ULV ultra low volume application ofa pesticide in a relatively pure form without any or very little dilution Total volume rates are usually less than 12 gallonacre Volatile a pesticide is said to be volatile when it evaporates or is vaporized changes from a liquid or solid to a gas at ordinary temperatures on exposure to air Waiting period the time interval between application and harvest which will insure conformance with residue tolerances Wetting agent a chemical which causes a liquid to contact surfaces more thoroughly CDocumenvs and smngsxrmmMy DocummtstyFiesxwldeerea 7 documents emc39de Applicator Trammg ATZO04HandouvsTERMSZOOlwpd


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