CL 113 Lecture 21 3/23
CL 113 Lecture 21 3/23 CL 113LEC
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 03/25/16
Lecture 21: March 23 First function gods=Adityas Aryaman Assistant to Mitra Associated with human friendship, marriage Bhaga Associated with marriage Principle role: to see to it that society’s goods are rightly divided/distributed among society’s members Avestan Ancient Iranian language Cognate to Bhaga = baga ‘god’ Old Church Slavic Bagu ‘god’ nd 2 function gods= Rudras Most powerful of warrior gods o Indra o AKA Vrtrahan (used in the Vedas) ‘slayer of dragon’ Vrtra o Dragon o 1 crime—cattle thief nd o 2 crime—brings drought For these reasons, Indra slays him Rig Veda 1.32—hymn of the slaying of Vrtra o When Indra slayed him, the cattle were released and the water was no longer held back Indra’s triple sins Sin 1—slays Trisiras o Brahman among the Gods o Worst type of murder Sin 2—Killed Namuci o Violated a treaty with him Sin 3—Commits adultery with Gautama o She is a wife of a Brahman o Brahman turns wife into stone and castrates Indra with a curse Similarities between Indra and Tullus Hostilius Trisiras Siras ‘head’ –he is a 3 headed figure He is called “cousin of the gods” Indra hired a hit man to murder him because he is threatening the order of divine society by threatening to kill Varuna Trita Aptya rd The 3 Aptya brother o 3 brother kills triple adversary—same motif in PIE o Horatius killed Curiatii—third brother kills triple enemy/family member Cleansed for the murder of Trisiras just like Horatius was nd Indra and Namuci (2 sin) Made a peace treaty—no longer enemies o He intoxicates Indra with alcohol—Indra now has lost his physical strength o The only way to get his physical strength back is to kill Namuci—but he cant because he made a non-aggression pact 3 gods come to his rescue: Asvins, Sarasvati o 3 deity functions—2 male 1 female With a foam of a wave, he decapitates Namuci at dawn o Decapitating consists of ‘churning’ Mettius Fuffiticus—dictator of Alba Longa o Betrays Tullus—former enemy turned ally turns his back on Tullus o Similar to Indra and Namuci o Gods that helped Tullus—Quirinus, Ops, Saturnus (all agricultural gods) Indra= Tullus Hostilius Dumezil says that the 3 function sin of Tullus has been displaced and moved to Rome o Position of Tarquinius Superbus