CL 113 Lecture 22 3/25/16
CL 113 Lecture 22 3/25/16 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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What is Karma?
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Date Created: 03/25/16
Lecture 22—March 25 Tarquinius Superbus—last king of Rome Sextus Tarquinius –superbus’ son Lucretia wife of Colatinius o Blood couple rd Sextus rapes Lucretia—3 function sin o She later kills herself o Romans rise up and revolt and dethrone Tarquinius Rome no longer has a king—it is now a republic Mahabharata Includes mythic traditions transformed into pseudo- historic narrative (like the Romans) Great epic poem Maruts Gods of the storms winds Close companions of Indra—his sidekicks R.V. 1.165 hymn—Indra and Maruts together Fundamental characteristics—self-willed, independent spirits Indra preparing to go and receive a sacrifice o Soma—hallucinogen substance consumed by priests and transmitted to the gods o Maruts are going to receive Soma also o Indra taunts them Skt svadha ‘independent spirits’ OCS (old church Slavic)—cognate svatu ‘relative/kinsman’ Early Latin cognate—svodalis ‘close companion’ Visnu Warrior god Preserver RV 4.18 Helped Indra slay Vrtra Benevolent Rudra/Siva Feared Destroyer Siva Skt siva ‘friendly’ Malevolent Father of Maruts Vayu Minor figure in Vedas Powerful in Iranian—featured in the Mahabharata Parjanya Storm/rain god Minor figure in Vedas—powerful in Iranian Old Russian o Perunu (cognate with Parjanya) o Famous image on top of hill in Kiev—made of wood with silver head and gold mustache Weapon—mace/war hammer Byelorussia cognate o Piarun ‘dragon slayer’ Old Slavic cognate Perunu o Warrior god of the ‘Thunder bolt’ Lithuanian cognate perkunas ‘thunder bolt’ Latvian cognate perkuns/perkons Milnu ‘mace’ o When he throws his mace—lightning thunders Old Norse cognate mjollnir ‘hammer’ ‘mace’ o Thor Fjorgyn o Mother of Thor o Cognate with Parjanya All of these words are rooted in PIE *per-k- ‘to strike’ *per-k-u- ‘oak tree’ Function 3 Deities Vasus—Skt ‘goods’ Asvins and Nasatyas—words for divine twins Nasatyas might mean ‘those who rescue’ ‘rescuers’ o Benevolent o Or ‘those who recover the Sun every morning’ They are responsible for seeing that the sun comes up every morning Asvins –Skt asva ‘horse’ o Grk—hippos ‘horse’ o Latin—equas ‘horse’ Skt tradition Asvins are called Sons of Dyaus o 1 cousin to Zeus and Jupiter Asvins are born differently from each other o Contrasting pair o One is the son of night and the other is son of day o One is morning star/other is evening star o Only 1 of the Asvins is the biological son of Dyaus o The other one is the son of a warrior figure/mortal man—Sumakha Sumakha ‘good fighter’ *Dyeus Phzter= Dyaus, Zeus, Jupiter o But Dyaus is not top of pantheon—minor deity in RV—husband of earth Prthivi