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Monitoring and Assessment in Natural Resource and Environmental Management

by: Micaela Ankunding

Monitoring and Assessment in Natural Resource and Environmental Management WILD 3710

Marketplace > Utah State University > Wildlife Studies > WILD 3710 > Monitoring and Assessment in Natural Resource and Environmental Management
Micaela Ankunding
Utah State University
GPA 3.95

Robert Ramsey

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Robert Ramsey
Class Notes
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This 19 page Class Notes was uploaded by Micaela Ankunding on Wednesday October 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to WILD 3710 at Utah State University taught by Robert Ramsey in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/230464/wild-3710-utah-state-university in Wildlife Studies at Utah State University.


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Date Created: 10/28/15
Ethics in Natural Resource Inventory Monitoring and Assessment There is unlv one cum Knowledge There is unlv one Evil ignorance ucrates What are Ethics De nitions A system of moral principles in m MW 15x7 The rules or standards governing the conduct of a person or the members of a profession tummy Deals with rightness or wrongness of certain actions and to the goodness and badness of the motives and ends of such actions lam pummel J mm in 755102 How do Ethics apply to Natural Resources and I MA Techniques and methods Treatment of data Values Con icts ofinterest Openness Allocation of Credit Error and negligence Misconduct Response to violation of ethical standards Techniques and methods Using faulty or suspect methodology Not being clear on methodology used when reporting results Reproducibility Best methods can still bias results ethics issue Using ethical methods in regard to animals or plants humans Acceptable handing practices for animals Plants when is this a problem Ethical Treatment of Animals and other organisms ecosystems Based in philosophy Intrinsic value Bryan Norton the value an object has which is not dependent on its co tribution to the value of another objectquot Existence value the value an object has simply because we now 39 39sts Guidelines developed for handing animals Federal Law Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee IACUC must be formed by institution handing animals Reviews justi cation handling methods for sacri cing animals Places burden of proof39 for value of research on researcher Guidelines for preserving resources on public lands Applies to scienti c researc Places burden of proof39 for value of research on researcher IACUC Wildlife Standards WWW usu eduvprpoiiciesiacucWiidiifeistandards asp Acceptable Field Methods in Mammalogy American Society of Mammologists American Ornithologist Union Report of Committee on Use of Wild Birds in Research American Ornithological Union Guidelines for Use of Amphibians and Reptiles in Field Research American Society of lchthyologists and Herpetologists Guidelines for Use of Fish in Field Researc American Society of lchthyologists and Herpetologists American Fisheries Society American Institute of Fisheries Research Biologists Treatment of data Data selection Omission of data Collect only data supporting hypothesis Data presentation Present in misleading way Omit data Data analysis Conduct various statistical tests until the right result is obtained Use biased or inappropriate statistical analysis Values Science can be viewed as a religion Values from belief system can affect or bias interpretation of data Values from belief system can lead to omission of contrary data eg earth center of universe Can affect what type of research is allowed eg stem cell research Can affect what research results are released to society Conflicts of interest Conflicts stem from granting organization Research often funded by companies or organizations with particular need and maybe hoped for result Research funded by agencies with focus to protect resource Researcher has interest in particular company Reviewing manuscript or report that has results similar to those of the reviewer who has yet to publish Openness findIn Communication should be directed to appropriate audience Going to the press before review by peers eg cold fusion Role of patents may become important issue in ecological research Openness not always possible eg military Researchers have obligation to communicate gs Allocation of Credit Credit for ideas Stolen ideas not uncommon Credit should be given to person with idea Authorship Should be worked out before publication submitted What is appropriate Misuse of authority or position Error and negligence Scientific results are inherently provisional Can t prove a hypothesis Preponderance of evidence Errors arise from human fallibility Everyone can make honest mistake Methodologies can be limiting Negligence from haste carelessness Pressures to perform Less tolerated as often preventable Can result in waste of time resources trust Misconduct Involve deception Making up data fabrication eg 39cloned human embryos39 Misreporting data falsification Using the ideas of others without giving credit or having permission plagiarism Need not be copying written material but applies to ideas data Universities and agencies have policies on misconduct USU www l usueduaaethics Response to violation of ethical standards Raising a concern over unethical conduct Not easy to deal with fear of reprisals Often handled behind scenes Formal complaints should be submitted in writing Raising concerns over potential health or safety issues Many examples in recent years Not easy to deal with Press often medium for exposing issue Advocacy vs whistleblowing Goals of Ethical Approach to Natural Resource M A Good science Good ethics in working with animals plants ecosystems humans Effective decision making Minimizing conflict of interest Maintain public trust Societal Ethics toward Science Freedom of research Limits on what can be researched Freedom of speech Maintain expectation of ethical behavior of scientists public trust WILD 3710 Lab 4 Raster Data amp Map Calcula Camnw wmmms 262007 Geogragmc Re resentauon mm GIS Two common spatwa mode s emst for stormg geograpm data Vector data mode my mama smvz a mummims Raster data mode amamxnhwmtzus vzpvzsznugzbgvipmt Mannaan G es fa m Re resemauon mm Vector and Raster VVI Ashipzhavmgmngthand Line mvzmbnbvtmivzi mnnzmng a m mm mnmmms Ammmma am mm W pmygonAre it zisumzzsmzsmiukpvzsznu Aspmimnimwmmi zm Raster mwsirm m vmnsbitsz am an mum in mum2 vim and Wm mnmmms Geugraehm Regresenlalmn wrth Raster Earlhlrealed as me 262007 unlmuuusswfute Each meatan represented by a EVHpr39XEV wt a grid IN IN IN IN H IH H Rnulullml t m m numencvameslh t 3 represent same kmd a geugraphm phenumenun Raster Resumlmn Raster Resumlmn Tradetm me rm Ilrsulu nll MMWM suntysunzvsnniM Cuarser resumtmn uss uldala e targer EHUESMQS m mare aggrsgztmn faster Mme e Savesstnr gasps but mprnmrsesuetau rmer resuman mare accurate mlurmamm e smawerteusaremareatmratetaptureuetau 7 Take up mare stnragE spate s nwer Mme 262007 MaeAlgebra Some Clarlflcatlons Newicrid A r 3 represents adding the ubieets urAtu these at S e rnusrsnwe have discussed unly Single cells usingle cell uperstiuns 7 These are repeated rur every cell lucztiun in the raster e Termed LuczlquotAnzlysis Raster Calculatiuns Raster Calculator Operations within Arc Tool box r my 7 Tuulbux95pztizl Analyst Tuuls9Cunditiunzl9 CON m gym 7 Warm Maw m i r Wm Map Algebra Examples Mapping forested areaswith high slopes or northsfacing aspects Calculating the mtio of precipitation to potential evapotranspiration from interpolated climate ta Weighting mapped urban areas by population density estimated from census data 262007 Mae A gebra settmg the Ana Xsws Enwrunment 39 Accessed from the Spatial Analysis Toolbar Ana ysfs 9 Options Some features can also be altered Via the main enu Too s 9 Options 9 Geoproccesing 9 Environments 9 Genera and Raster Ana ysrs Special Features Include Genera Tab ExtentTab CeH Size Tab Ana yswsEnwrunmen Generwsb AHuwsyuutu set uutput etreaury petmenenttempmes set uutput mask mare ater mm set uutput Cuurdmate system sutkthh ddau there e teemememem we mumnxmmlp39r m Ana yswsEnwrunmen ExtentTab setsAnexysts Extent 5quotquot quot 39quotquot 7 Tu D sp ay mapwmduw 7 An mput cumbmatmn M W e and shuws cuurdmatesfur 2mm mampu atmn A su aHuwsyuu tn snap Dr M W Ana xsfs Envrmnmem H Size Tab AHuws you to set Maxan u nputs Orsameasexxstmgg ds Shows mrrent ceH size Shows number ufmws an m umns Can heusem check 262007 Mae A gebr Continuous He ds Startwmhsxmv eassummmns Newie d 7A B 7 EemvceH mm 5 Benet 7 Unmuemammeachgnd 7 AH shaveavame Samemteremngvmvemes 7 Anavsxsrsvrsemm w mmhmmmnsm awe aw m m map wpnm maH EMS 7 Mam ewvaue mmhmamns Ems mws eadsm mm panems m the mutant map 7 Yhevmm Dimesemmhmanans smmterest Mae A gebra She s Mathematica OEera uns mm 7A a 262007 MaeAlgebra AssumEIions I Perfect Cell Overlay Combination oftwo grids in different projections First input vector converted to raster Different cell sizes same ori In Resarnoling to coarsest resolution unless otherwise set Misaligned grids I All cells have a value Combination of value classes Discrete Objects No Data Values MaeAlgebra Misalignmenl and Size Mismatch Ma Al ebraCombinin Raster Value Classes Floating Point Integer 13 12 01 08 18 25 27 gt 44 19 05 29 46 0 17 15 No Data Floating Pomt rIntegei cornbinaqu result In a Floating Point Gridl Case Studies 07 mo watershed analyses using Blacksmith Fork and the Little Bear River 2 Dam removal project on Blacksmith Fork 3 invasive Species Mapping Watershed analyses Assume streams are integraters of landscape Watershed analyses generally based on elevation data Carl delineate automatically the boundary lines of a specific catchment Several steps of preprocessing of the DElVls are required before watershed analyses possible Filling Sinks in a GIS liniiil Pvnlllewewnlaalnk helnveandallevmnnlng m filled lnk Hillelillla Pvnlllewuwnlapeak hnlnvzandallevmnnlnq m lllllllllllll Yemnvlll pm 262007 FLOW DIRECTION mmman mummy 11va Arc Hydro Tools 262007 262007 V 3 Esq T 2mm stzuamy39 m ca cu zte stausucsuf cuntmuuus data m 262007 m m mamI Dam removal project on Blacksmith Fork 262007 Dam removal project on Blacksmith Fork IWaS the Sediment in the channel at the dam back normal IHow much Sediment was Sent downstream with dam removal Dam removal project on Blacksmith Fork 262007 262007 Legnth Width Depth 65000 m3 of fine sediment evacuated from the reservoir


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