CIVLANGUAGE AND IDENTIT (BHU)
CIVLANGUAGE AND IDENTIT (BHU) USU 1320
Utah State University
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This 17 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alva O'Conner on Wednesday October 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to USU 1320 at Utah State University taught by Mark Damen in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/230483/usu-1320-utah-state-university in University Studies at Utah State University.
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Date Created: 10/28/15
repetitive parallelism the nature of Mesopotamian poetry is to repeat verses in couplets but often verses have slight variations in language Enuma Elish 436 39the Babylonian poem of creation You 39are the most important39among the great gods39 Your destiny is unequaled your command is Anu Marduk you are the most important among the great gods Your destiny is unequaled your command is Anu repetitive parallelism 39 all in all repetitive parallelism is part and parcel of the oral nature ie storytelling of Ancient Near Eastern poetry progressive specification amore complex form of repetitive parallelism the second line paraphrases or recasts the first line Y Enuma Elish 112 When abovethe heaven had not been named 7 Below the earth had not yet been called by name 39 incremental repetition 39 a different form of repetitive parallelism the second line adds an element or elements to the first line i o Enuma Elish 1423 ltTiamatgt was angry and cried out to her husband She cried out and raged furiously she alone The Old Testament the scriptures of the ancient HebreWs arise from the same general culture as Ancient Near Eastern literature the verses of the Bible also use repetitiveparallelism Psalms 171 1 78 The works of His hands are truth and justice all His commandments are sure They stand fast for ever and ever done in truth and uprightness nephilim sons of God mentioned in Bible Genesis 64 There were giants in the earth in those days and also after that when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men and they bare children to them the same became mighty men which were of old men of re39nown 39 39 39 39 nephilim but the nephilim misbehave which induces God to precipitate the Deluge of Gilgamesh 678 7172 The young men of Uruk he harries without warrant 39 Gilgamesh lets no son go free to39 his father 39 It is he who is shepherd of UruktheSheepfold 39 but Gilgamesh let no39daughter go free to her mother nephilim the nephilim characters in both The Epic of Gilgamesh and the Bible are semi divine beings f both overstep their bounds and disobey the commandments of heaVen cf the motif of the fallen angel eg Satan in the Bible and Prometheus the firebringer in Greek myth Cedars of Lebanon an enormous and daunting forest in the area of modern Lebanon in antiquity destroyed by deforestation and ecological mismanagement felling these cedar trees serves as a test of valor for Assyrian and Babylonian kings even as late as the first millennium BCE Cedars of Lebanon Isaiah 148 9 the cedars sing a clever mocking dirge of a recently deceased Babylonian king 39The whole earth is at rest and is qUiet I theyvbreak forthinto singing Yea the fir trees rejoice at theeand the cedars of Lebanon saying 7 Since thou art laid down no feller is come up against us 39 Aru ru mothergoddess who creates Enkidu from clay cf the creation of Adam in Genesis 27 And the Lord God formed man of the dust Of the ground I 39 also cf Job 336 Behold before God I am as you are I too Was formed from a piece of clay adOm the Hebrew word for clay 7 thus Adam s name is a Hebrew pun on adom or adamah dirt adOm Biblical theme humans are as fragile as Clay but also fired with thespark of divinity l likewise in Mesopotamian literature Enkidu is what Anu had thought of Gilgamesh L100 of Genesis 1267 God made man in his own image 39 Acculturation ofMan 39 is the moSt comprehensive parallel 39 between Gilgamesh and the Bible the wild man Enkidu is tamed and becomes human mortal cf Adam who becomes mortal after 39 eviction from Eden 39 Acculturation ofMan 39 Shamhat s fOod I fruit Of the tree of 39 Goodand Evil Enkidu s clothes 39 g leaves eviction from the Garden of Eden Enoch Cain s city his rejection by wild animals 39 Uru k Genesis 517 and Cain builded a city and called the name of the city after the name of his son Enoch walls of Uruk Gilgamesh X324397 Go up Urshanabi walk on the ramparts of Uruk Inspect the base terrace examine its brickwork If its brickwork is not of burnt brick And if the Seven Wise Ones laid not its foundation Psalms 4812 1 3 39 Walk about Zion Jerusalem and go round about her count her towers 39 39 Mark well her bulwarks consider her palaces that you may tell it to the generation following 39 Dominant Theme of The Epic of Gilgamesh a man s immortality rests upon his accomplishments and the monuments he leaves behind eg the structures Or cities he builds
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