SOC 2189 Week 1: Jan 12-14
SOC 2189 Week 1: Jan 12-14 SOC 2189
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by -deleted-apierson on Monday January 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 2189 at George Washington University taught by Motivans in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 93 views. For similar materials see Alternatives to Imprisonment in Sociology at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 01/19/15
1122015 445 PM Chapters 13 in Conscience and Convenience by 1142015 Chapters 12 in Imprisoning Communities by 1142015 Chapters 48 in Conscience and Convenience by 1262015 Ask for reading schedule for the course Find Foucault 1974 to 2009 the prison population quadrupled Currently 22 million persons in confinement We hold 25 of the world39s prisoners but only 5 of the world39s population Russia is second Approximately 1 in every 100 adults is imprisoned in America That39s 5 to 10x higher than incarceration rates elsewhere quotHistorically unprecedented and internationally uniquequot Most people in prison in America are black poor Usually inmates come from a place of economic and social disadvantage Jacksonian period brings about the invention of the penitentiary itself Beginning of the 215t century we see the concern of evidentiary evidence when it comes to the success of prison programs Rothman criticizes progressives Progressives believe that the government can solve issues of resources Don39t see the issues that are presented by logistic issues Example of P0 as equal parts friend and authority figure David Rothman39s Conscience and Convenience There is a challenge that accompanies reform Probation parole juvenile court Progressives all want this and it seems appropriate by humanitarian and scientific notions Progressives don39t like Jacksonian style prisons quotReform is the designation that each generation gives to its favorite programquot from Rothman How have reforms been successful What did it take to deinstitutionalize the mentally ill How does a program become a quotfavoritequot 705 and 80s Reform looked like indeterminate sentences and rehabilitative parole 1142015 445 PM Chapters 13 in Conscience and Convenience by 1142015 Chapters 12 in Imprisoning Communities by 1142015 Chapters 48 in Conscience and Convenience by 1262015 Total adult correctional population should include state and federal prison local jail and probation and parole populations When we talk about alternatives to imprisonment we are also looking to alternatives to probation and parole because you follow rules under the threat of imprisonment It39s not that imprisonment doesn39t affect crime rates it39s just not a determinant factor necessarily We39ll be looking at the impact of mass incarceration on society Within that a focus on stratification Stratification a pattern where limited resources wealth income power prestige are distributed unequally among members in society Stratification can also focus on punishment who gets what punishments in a society Imprisonment fx social inequality Individuals are pulled from educational systems formal labor markets family systems and intergenerational transmission of inequality Strategies to reduce prison populations changing policylaws quotFrontendquot reforms include increasing the use of nonprison sentences We could reduce the use of mandatoryfixed prison sentences and decreasing sentence lengths quotBackendquot reforms include revising parolesupervision revocation policies and early release Also changing the offender Can offenders be more effectively identified and provided with servicesprograms that would reduce likelihood of recidivism Changing the community How can they be more involved in the criminal justice process How many people are in prison v jail 22 million incarcerated History of Reform Rothman says there was too little scrutiny of Progressive era reforms 1142015 552 PM Chapters 13 in Conscience and Convenience by 1142015 Chapters 12 in Imprisoning Communities by 1142015 Chapters 48 in Conscience and Convenience by 1262015 Rothman says there was too little scrutiny of Progressive era reforms Early America Colonial period prominent role of the church in setting strict standards Children were treated as inherently sinful but also fragile and innocent both wicked and worth saving Puritans believed ideal child had to be extensively supervised and disciplined quotSpare the rod and spoil the childquot Family as the primary source for social control of children The Quakers persuaded the Penn legislature to establish the first correctional institution quotThe Walnut StreetJailquot Dr Benjamin Rush believed prisoners should be housed in a large building individual cells for violent prisoners apartments for all other prisoners Also believed the purpose of punishment was to reform the prisoner and prevent crime Jacksonian period treated crime as a moral disease The cure for crime was constant employment in hard labor There was a need for removal of corrupting influences The Pennsylvania System proposed solitary confinement without work Based on the belief of the need to prevent crossinfection and encourage personal reform Focus was on penitence and personal reform The Auburn System parallel correctional philosophy Believed that silence and reflection was critical similar to Penn but also silent work with a little bit of congregation It was a matter of economics Think the tiers of a penitentiary
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