Week 1 Lecture Notes, PSY-P 102
Week 1 Lecture Notes, PSY-P 102 PSY-P 102
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Veronica Bone on Monday January 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY-P 102 at Indiana University taught by Irene Vlachos-Weber in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 334 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology 2 in Psychlogy at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 01/19/15
Psychology 102 Lecture 1 Personality What is personality 0 Sheldon s Body Type Theory there is different personalities that fit with different general body types society follow this theory subconsciously i4 Cipr13or 239 Her LL lquot39 1quot 39 rm swan clipm ol com I 03025 A B C o For example there is scientific evidence that I Guy A will enjoy comfort more I Guy B will be more self assertive I Guy C will be more self conscious I And many more these views are also followed by society 0 Implicit theories of Personality o Implicit means that you can infer o unaware of but which affect perceptions amp behavior I you may be subconsciously treating someone different because of preconceived idea about them 0 societies preconceptions and judgement 0 Operational Definition 0 Operates as a go to definition 0 personality a consistent set of characteristics displayed over time amp across shua ons I every person is different and unique 0 for example there are extreme introvert and extreme extrovert but most people are somewhere in between 0 includes behavior thoughts and feelings Psychology 102 Lecture 1 o a relatively consistent characteristic exhibited across situations acting thinking or feeling a certain way in circumstances I For example the characteristic to act shy when in a big group of people I leds to a predisposition to act in this way in the future I the thing about Psychology is that you can t predict how someone will act because everyone is different and it will never lead to the same reaction it will never be certain or concrete I you can make probabilities and correlations o Trait or State 0 Traits vary in degree for different individuals I For example extreme extravert vs extreme introvert o Traits are inferred from behavior a People will infer the traits you have differently than your prospective of yourself i Other people judge on actions ii You judge yourself from your intentions 0 State theory situationism 0 Behavior primarily due to situation not internal trait o stable personality just behavior in similar situations 0 We chose our own situations for what we are looking for For example you might like to pick a specialty dorm floor for situations 1 interactionism traits situations amp interactions affect behavior thought feeHngs E Personality Factors 1 Factor analysis Use statistics to identify sets of related personality traits underlying factors a For example if you are creative you might also be original and imaginative b What correlates with each other 2 Superfactors a The Big 5 16 collapsed into 5 super categories 1Extroverstion lntroverstion extent to which people are outgoing or shy More affectionate More talkative More socialable than retiring 2Neuroticism anxiety inability to control impulses feel negative emotions Psychology 102 Lecture 1 More insure than secure More selfconscious than comfortable More Worried More temperamental 3Agreeableness goodnatured gentle Sympathetic Helpful Forgiving Good natured 4Conscientiousness responsible persevering tidy Hardworking Conscientious Ambitious Perservering 5 Openness to experience original imaginative artistic creative thinking Imaginative Broad interests Original Danng 0000 Big 5 findings 1 occur across cultures 2stable over life time o It becomes especially stable after 30 0 One exception is College student are higher in neuroticism because more to worry about And Lower on conscientiousness and agreeableness
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