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Date Created: 10/28/15
EDU 8678 Multiculturalism Gender and Inclusion in Schools Professor Edward Garcia Fierros Course Objectives To develop a personal philosophy regarding multicultural education To explore the history and purpose of multicultural education in society Today s Objectives To increase your awareness of three frameworks for multicultural education To examine your own multicultural thosophy To become more aware of your own attitudes perceptions and feelings about various aspects of diversity To explore the concept of culture Today s Objectives Discussion Assignments Students will be able to de ne Multicultural Education Students will be able to describe Conservative Liberal and Critical Multiculturalism Students will work in groups to discuss the assigned readings What is Multicultural Education Banks 1995 ME is a eld of study designed to increase educational equity for all students that incorporates content concepts theories and paradigms from history the social and behavioral sciences and particularly from ethnic and women studies Nieto 2001 argues that ME is a sociopolitical process based on relationships critical questioning and educational reform Gorski 2001 de nes ME is a dedication to facilitating educational experiences in which all students reach their full potential as learners and as socially aware and active beings Conservative Multiculturalism Conditions for Justice Equal Opportunity Laws Schools Assimilate Students Cultural Homogeneity Melting Pot Conservative Multiculturalism Open Free and Competitive Market Economy where pull themselves up by their bootstraps The goals of excellence and equity in education are predicated on student participation in a free market of competition opportunity survival of the ttest and upward social mobility Conservative Multiculturalism Americanize minority students must conform to an White schooling norm Many elementary and secondary teachers support this conservative approach believing that rapid assimilation into the mainstream culture is in the best interests of minority students English immersion proponents who are opposed to bilingual programs Melting Pot Ideology Liberal Multiculturalism Accents the need for diversity and cultural pluralism 39 Acceptance and celebration of difference Equity and excellence are achieved through acceptance tolerance and understanding Ban 3 1994 v This approach masks the con icts and contradictions inherent in our society ignoring what at times seem like irreconcilable and divisive identig issues revolving around race class an ethnicity Liberal Multiculturalism Insuf cient consideration is given to power constructs control issues and of cial knowledge Barriers to equality of opportunity are not dealt with as part of a potentially transformative curriculum the emphasis is primarily on a humanistic af rmation of democratic ideals and the naive belief that a curriculum committed to such ideals will bring aboutchange Liberal Multiculturalism AfricanAmerican history month teaching units that study for example the Japanese internment during World War II and celebrations of different world cultures Focus upon cultural differences repression and struggle against great odds typi es A celebration of the uniqueness of individual cultures Like the conservative approach liberal multiculturalists assume that laws and policy decisions will bring about excellence and equity within the dominant culture and freemarket economy Critical Multiculturalism 39 Issues of equity and excellence cannot be effectively addressed Without posmg dif cult but essential questions Under what conditions and by whom are concepts of equity and excellence constructed What do they look like for different groups and in different circumstances Can all groups bene t equally from a particular construction of these concep s What ha pens when different grou s and individua s view these concepts di rently How can equ39 and excellence be achieved in a society in whic historically the dominant culture has determined their meaning Critical Multiculturalism The critical approach seeks justice by focusing on the relationships between equity and excellence on one hand and race ethnic and class con gurations on the other hand It believes that leaving these matters to the processes of freemarket competition and upward social mobility will only deny the achievement of justice Critical Multiculturalism Knowled e is not valuefree but shaped culturally historical y ethnically and linguistically Knowledge never speaks for itself but rather is constantly mediated throu h the ideolo ical and cultural experiences that students ring to the c assroom Giroux 1988 p 100 the act of knowing is integrally related to the power of selfdefinition 199 p 13 The Histories and Narratives of subordinate groups must be a part of the school curriculum if their members are to engage in personall meaningful learning and if equity and excellence are 0 be properly serve Curriculum must be transformative and educators as critical multiculturalists must enter into a democratic dialogue with each other to develop programs that promote critical re ection and inclusionary knowledge Group Activity Break up into two groups to discuss the main points of the Banks reading or the Tatum reading After 1015 minutes we will discuss the your thoughts on the readings Why do we need to be concerned about diversity Three Trends Global economy US Demographic Shifts Individuals began celebrating differences instead of compromising their uniqueness to t in Global Market To a large extent the strength of our economy depends on our ability to business with other parts of the world Business requires that we bring diverse peoples to the planning and negotiating table It makes good business sense to develop an understanding of their ie the world cultures What can go wrong if we don t Changing Demographics Between 19982008 over 70 of new workers were women and people of color African Americans and HispanicLatinos will be the majority in more than 13 of the nations largest cities Birthrates highest for Asians Latinos AfricanAmericans and Whites Changing Demographics One in seven Americans speaks a language other than English at home I imensions of D versi Work Background Income Sexual Orientation Ethnicity Physical abilitiesqualities Religious Beliefs Culture Why should we care about diversity What is the rationale for attention to diversity in education What is Culture Culture is the totality of values beliefs and behaviors common to a group of people A culture may include a shared language and folklore communication styles and ideas and thinking patterns by members of the group What is Culture OED says 5 a absol The training development and re nement of mind tastes and manners the condition of being thus trained and re ned the intellectual side of civilization b with a and pl A particular form or type of intellectual development Also the civilization customs artistic achievements etc of a people esp at a certain stage of its development or history In many contexts esp in Sociology it is not possible to separate this sense from sense 5a
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