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SOC 2181 Week 1: Jan 15

by: -deleted-apierson

SOC 2181 Week 1: Jan 15 SOC 2181


GPA 3.14
South African Political Sociology

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About this Document

Introduction to the history of South Africa
South African Political Sociology
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by -deleted-apierson on Monday January 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 2181 at George Washington University taught by Buntman in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see South African Political Sociology in Sociology at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 01/19/15
1152015 1116 AM D Chapters 1 12 in Long Walk to Freedom by 1202015 D BritishSegregation 1880s to 1948 In History ofSouth Africa by 1202015 Pre colonial History Thompson39s cautionary notes we need to always recognize how the past shapes the present Criticizes scholars who overemphasize white and capitalist rule in South Africa When we want to understand preliterate societies we have a different set of challenges than when we39re studying societies with written records But it39s important to ask who does the writing Who39s paying for the writing Who challenges these records Physical realities shape nations South Africa39s farming is limited but disease is also limited Geography rainfall all these things matter South Africa has always had a great deal of internal diversity Rememberthat quotpreliteratequot does not necessarily mean poor or uncivilized There was a great deal of material security and legitimate political regimes ie not dictatorial Populations and Patterns South Africa39s conception of race very similar to the US39s quotone drop rulequot that even being slightly black means you aren39t white quotBantuquot refers to the black African peoples of South Africa It39s a word that denotes prejudice and marginalization It39s basically a bad word The word quotbantuquot is actually a linguistic term Many languages belong to the bantu group Farming develops pretty early on There is migration movement and trade between and among communities Though there are strong family and community ties Gender and age are the two main forms of social hierarchy en had more respect than women the old had more respect than the young Although South Africa was not a democracy the politics were based on consent rather than coercion and legitimacy Power based on legitimacy When power is legitimate that doesn39t necessarily mean that everyone has the same delight in the rule It does mean that people have an acceptance of rightness of the rule This is opposed to coercion or ruling through force or the threat of force South Africa Page 1 Black Residents PreDate Whites Apartheid mythlegitimacy claim when white people came to South Africa from the 16005 it was a basically empty land Obviously not true South Africa was populated with various different groups zmmwe I MOZAMBIIJUE BOTSWANA NAMIBIA Kgalagaqi 3 gt Transfranmr reg33 Park v y Richtersveld P k A t l a n t i c 0 c e a n Elevation 39 I H Capital High 0 City National Park or Reserve LJ Low 400 0 IOO 200 300 Where does that come from Well the east was far more settled than the west Iore nomadic people in the west and so they were not as disgusted by being settled As Europeans went east they were met with more resistance European Contact Europeans have had contact with Africans for centuries In 1487 Bartholomeu Dias Portuguese explorer reaches Mossel Bay in South Africa Later Vasco de Gama There is a heavy Portuguese influence in South Africa Robben Island is right off the coast of South Africa Long before Cape Town was established Robben Island was a source of food But with the rise and fall of different countries the Portuguese became less important in the world stage 1400s to 16005 and the Dutch become hegemons in terms of mercantile trade based capitalism South Africa Page 2 Some of the Dutch people who came to the cape wanted to establish an independent existence To some extent the Dutch East ndie company agreed with this decision The local people did not want to work with European settlers I wonder why sarcasm Although initially the plan wasn39t to use slaves they started to be imported from Africa Malaysia and the Indies Culture was compromised through rape and prostitution as well as small pox South Africa Page 3


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