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Intro to Clinical Psychology - week 9 notes

by: Jessica Twehous

Intro to Clinical Psychology - week 9 notes PSYCH 3510 - 01

Marketplace > University of Missouri - Columbia > Psychlogy > PSYCH 3510 - 01 > Intro to Clinical Psychology week 9 notes
Jessica Twehous
GPA 3.8
Intro to Clinical Psychology
Erika Waller

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About this Document

These notes are straight from the lecture!
Intro to Clinical Psychology
Erika Waller
Class Notes
clinical psychology, Psychology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Twehous on Wednesday October 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 3510 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Erika Waller in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Intro to Clinical Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 10/28/15
Chapter 13 Psychotherapy Phenomenological amp HumanisticExistential Perspectives Client Centered Therapy 0 194039s Carl Rogers developed nondirective therapy 0 Alternative to psychoanalysis 0 Later called clientcentered therapy 0 Theoretical propositions 0 Client as the experiential center 0 Reliance on selfreporting 0 Self actualization basic human tendency toward maintaining and improving onese 0 Behavior goaldirected attempts to satisfy needs The quotselfquot awareness of one39s being and functioning Three possibilities following an experience 0 Synthesized into some relationship to self 0 Ignored because it is irrelevant to self 0 Denieddistorted because it is inconsistent with self 0 Principal condition for examining experiences that are inconsistent with the self and revising the self accordingly is 0 Complete absence of threat to self 0 Try to create that in therapy and release client39s quotgrowth potentialquot Features of ClientCentered Therapy 0 Unconditional positive regard 0 Respect as a human being 0 Complete lack ofjudgment o Congruence o Therapist39s expression of behavior feelings or attitudes stimulated by client 0 Clients respond favorably to genuineness 0 Open honesty o Attitude vs technique 0 State of mind not a set of techniques 0 Nondirective allow for client self discovery 0 Vs psychoanalysis Selffulfillment and health of people emphasized over destructive nature 0 Vs behavioral therapy inner experience over environmental change 0 Therapeutic process IS 0 Acceptance 0 Recognition amp clarification of feelings associated with client statements using reflections o It is NOT 0 Advice amp information o Reassurance amp persuasion O Questioning amp interpreting Stages of ClientCentered Therapy 0 7 Stages of increasing 0 recognition of own feelings o willingness to express and reveal self to others 0 acceptance of responsibility for own problems Client CenteredTherapy 0 Diagnosis amp Assessment 0 Deemphasizedavoided o lmpedes autonomy and selfactualization 0 Focus on feelings themselves not whether feelings are quotcorrectquot 0 Other applications 0 Human relations training 0 Crisis centers 0 Personcentered approaches clientcentered approach outside the therapy room 0 Positives of client centered therapy 0 Self determination over biological determination Freedom of choice Equal client therapist standing Less emphasis on the past Shorter duration Emphasis on research in therapeutic process methods and outcomes 0 Found to be moderately efficacious but no more than other treatments 0 Limitations of client centered therapy 0 Therapists cannot affect change client inner potential quotreleasedquot Influence of therapist39s personal framework can39t be eliminated completely Vague idiosyncratic concepts eg quotselfactualizationquot Needs external validation not just selfreport Effectiveness potentially limited for less verbaleducated and more severely disturbed clients 00000 0000 HumanisticExistential Movement 0 Humanistic Perspective 0 Free choice amp self actualization o Emphasis on health not on sickness o Embrace essential humanity and uniqueness o Existential Therapy 0 Philosophically rooted 0 Search for meaning in life 0 Goals of therapy I Responsible decision making and coping with anxiety about change 0 Specific techniques are not emphasized Logotherapy o Developed by Viktor Frankl after surviving the Holocaust 0 Search for meaning in the meaningless o Paradoxical intention client told to purposefully try to do the very behavior they are anxious about 0 Dereflection instructs the client to ignore troublesome behaviorsymptom Gestalt therapy 0 Fritz Perls o Emphasis on the present 0 Therapist as a catalyst for change 0 Uses nonverbal cues Rules of Gestalt 0 Always present tense Discourages questions Stop imagining Stop unnecessary thinking Rejection of others39 quotshouldsquot and quotnotsquot 0 Take responsibility Strengths of HumanisticExistential Movement 0 Experience is more than just data and quantification o Choices and free will emphasized 0 Focus on the now 0 Positive growth 0 Emphasis on therapeutic relationship Limitations 0 Overemphasis on feelings o Phenomenal field is unique and hard to measure 0 Assessment deemphasized 0 Techniques vague 0 Lack of comparative research Emotion Focused Therapy EFT o Developed by Leslie Greenberg 0 Integration of Gestalt and ClientCentered Therapy 0 Empiricallybased 0 Effective for treating couples depression and trauma EFT continued 0 Emotions are fundamentally adaptive and give our life experience its meaning 0 Emotional self regulation necessary for personal growth 0 Dysfunction result of emotional impairment OOOO o Therapist provides supportive environment so patient can explore and transform emotional states 0 Techniques focusing emptychair technique twochair dialogue


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