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week 9 notes

by: Trevor Meed

week 9 notes PHIL 194

Trevor Meed
GPA 3.86
Critical Reasoning
Swank, Casey

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Critical Reasoning
Swank, Casey
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Trevor Meed on Wednesday October 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 194 at St. Cloud State University taught by Swank, Casey in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Critical Reasoning in PHIL-Philosophy at St. Cloud State University.


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Date Created: 10/28/15
Study group notes week 9 Chapter8 Avoiding Ungrounded assumptions 0 Fallacies of presumptions o Arguerassumesthings fallacies of presumption EH n39 D3 a quot 393 n39 D3 beggingthe question against complex false questions alternatives beggingthe question accident l o Beggingthe question 0 An argumentthat says something in premise and conclusion in different words 0 When a valid argument begs the question its premisetail to offercompelling reasonsfor acceptingits conclusion 0 Any argumentthat begs the question fails to be cogent 0 The conclusion ofa question beggingargument may in fact be quite acceptable but this woule be for reasons otherthan the ones in the argument 0 An argument begs the question ifand only ifone or more of its premises can be accepted only if the conclusion has already been accepted Since in any such argument at least one premise assumes the conclusion the pre mise cannot be a reason for acceptingthe conclusion 0 To avoid a valid argument with acceptable premises if pre mise is more acceptable thatn conclusion then yes is cogent if no is beggingthe question 0 Burden of proof challenge common sense has burden but ifgood evidence strongenough given the burden switches if both strong arguments come to impasse waitfora better argument 0 Beg the question against someone is a failure to discharge the burden of proof oran argument would normally begthe question uses a disputed fact 0 complex questions is only one question when there should be Zor more a calim is true but its actuallyfalse 0 false alternatives give an argument where we are Aor B not both 0 it is wrong because it does not explore the possibility ofa third option being chosen or considered


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