PSYCH 111 Chapter 6
PSYCH 111 Chapter 6 Psych 111
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alisha Ellis on Wednesday October 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 111 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Brother Marrot in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 10/28/15
PSYCH 111 Chapter 6 Memory Bro Marrott Finishing chapter 5 Ted Bundy last interview Psychological dependency Physical dependency Tolerance your body gets use to something and wants more Chapter 6 Memory What is memory Myths Memory is A Thing O Thing Goodbad memory These are no true but myths 3 Major processes Encoding transforming experience Storage maintaining information Retrieval Bring to mind How you encoding will help you remember It is the important part of the memory process Memory is not like a picture It is constructed Our current state we are in is all we remember Ways of encoding Semantic encoding applying it to you personally Emotion is big in memory Encoding don t not have to make sense Visual Imagery Encoding Creates a story to remember Organizational Encoding Group things together that are simper and relationships Frontal lobe active Survival related Encoding based down from generations to generation How do we store Memory Ways of encoding 7 2 Rehearsal keep fresh in memory How much memory do we retain as time passes Sensory memory everything you can pick up Huge capacity short duration Iconic memory things that we see Visual memory Start decaying in 1 sec Fast Echoic Memory things you can hear Auditory memory Decaying in 5 sec Short term memory lasts 1420 seconds Rehearsal rebate to keep in short term memory to go into long term memory Meaning helps us remember Chunking small bits of info into larger clusters easier to remember Working memory active maintenance of info Pulls information from long term memory Long term memory Hours days weeks years No known capacity limits Memory loss HM hippocampus forms new info Essential for forming new information Anterograde amnesia Can t seem to make new memories after injuring Retrograde amnesia can t remember info before an injury Consolidation Making memories more stable Memory is very fragile STM Consolidation makes it not so fragile Results of encoding To help recall thinking pondering taking sleep Reconsolidation Disruption of memories Shock or drug can forget memories The biology of memory Aplysia shocked then Synaptic connections quicker response Long term potentiation Neurons communicate making future communication easier Bring memories to mind Lost your car keys Retrieval cues external scouse to bring internal memory Inaccessible Association network theory Connecting all things together Encoding specificity principle External context The place you learn it is the place to retrieve it Where you learn something you remember it better Drives land underwater Stake Dependent learning Internal cues Study W earphones Take the test the way you learned it The retrieval process How do you study Test your self Retrieving if you can retrieve you are learning Have better memory How perfect is your memory Experiment where were you on 911 who was with you what do you remember A year later the same question the story was different Memories are built upon each other Museum experiment people go on tour at a museum with a camera around neck Their experience and story does not match the pictures Biological Retrieval process Trying to recall frontal lobe Successfully recalling Hippocampus Explicit memory Conscious hard working memory Implicit memory not conscious automatic effortless Procedural memory hard easy explicit Implicit Priming recent exposure quizzes before class last long time help with memory Semantic memory facts and concepts Episodic memory personal experiences The 7 Sins of Memory Transience memory decays over time Retroactive interference New learning impairs older learning Proactive interference old learning impairs new learning Absentmindedness not paying attention Blocking Tip of the tongue reveal Memory misattribution tribute memory to the wrong source Suggestibility memories differ Bias present knowledge beliefs and feelings affect memory Persistence inability to forget Flashbulb memories
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