Lecture Eight History 1063
Popular in Early US History
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Ward on Wednesday October 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Andrew Lang in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Early US History in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 10/28/15
IV Lecture Eight Ride of the American Democracy 1824 1840 Emergence of the Democratic Republicans A The Jacksonian Image Jacksonians crafted the image of a quotPeople s Partyquot B Martin Van Buren 0 He was from New York 0 He fully understood that it was to his greatest advantage to align himself with Jackson C John C Calhoun 0 He was from South Carolina 0 He also joined Jackson for gain National Republican Party 0 This group made Adams presidency absolutely miserable Election of 1828 o This election was silly because of the slogans made for the election A Andrew Jackson vs John Quincy Adams 0 Jackson had the status as a war hero and a man of the people 0 Adams was from the elite crest from Boston B Modern Electoral Techniques 0 Jackson popularized going around the country giving speeches about things he quotwould doquot These were called stump speeches Never before had a presidential candidate lowered himself to speck directly to the people 0 This began the modern techniques that are now used in every presidential election C Personalities and Mudslinging Both sides brought out the worst in each other 0 A candidate would make up stories about the opponent Jackson won with 56 of the popular vote the most a presidential candidate had ever received up until now Jackson as President Jackson s inauguration party was outrageous with 10000 in attendance Many of which were common people A Spoils System 0 After his election Jackson placed all of his close friends into his cabinet and other offices that were appointed by the president 0 Many of these people were not quali ed to be in these offices However because they were Jackson s friends they received the office C Many of these appointments were made in backroom deals Indian Removal The southern white planters wanted the Native Americans moved out of the fertile lands of Mississippi Alabama and Georgia Jackson began to look for ways to get rid of the natives He implemented the quotTrail of Tearsquot that moved Indians from their respective nations into Oklahoma onto reservations This destroyed great native tribes Tariff Controversy with South Caroline 1 Protective Tariff South Carolina heavily protested the tariff on imported goods 2 Tariff of 1828 The tariff was raised 3 South Carolina Exposition and Protest 1828 South Carolina protested Nulli cation and Secession John C Calhoun sent an anonymous pamphlet to South Caroline legislature and revisited the Compact Theory of the Constitution This brought up the fact that if they nullify the law and Congress does not x it the state can secede from the Union 4 End of the Jackson Calhoun Alliance Although the pamphlet was anonymous Jackson suspected Calhoun had written it This made Jackson very annoyed that one of his supporters was going again what he believed At the Jefferson Day dinner party Jackson and Calhoun put their ideas out there and broke off most relations Peggy Eaton Affair Van Buren pushed the rift between Jackson and Calhoun farther John Eaton one ofJackson s associates had an affair with a woman and eventually married her When Calhoun s wife heard of this she said she would not associate with that woman The members of the Cabinet began to take sides Van Buren who was single pushed to Jackson that because of all the ghting Jackson should realign his Cabinet with new people So Jackson replaced everyone except Van Buren Making Van Buren a more in uential person 5 Nulli cation by South Carolina and the Tariff of 1832 0 South Carolina acted alone in nullifying the Tariff of 1832 Jackson was beyond furious He said what kind of Union would we be in the states only followed that laws that they decided they wanted to South Carolina raised a small volunteer army to defend their nullification 6 Force Bill Congress passed this bill to give Jackson the authority to do whatever he needed to defeat South Caroline 7 Compromise Tariff 1833 Henry Clay proposed this It stated that the tariff would slowly decrease over the years until it disappeared This was acceptable for both sides and worked D quotWarquot with the Second National Bank of the US 0 The Bank had been blamed for the Panic of 1816 Largely the South distrusted the bank 0 Some people opposed trusting in paper money credit etc o Other people believed the bank had too much power 0 Jackson fell into both these categories 1 Nicholas Biddle 0 He was the bank president 2 ReCharter Bill 1832 o The bank was to expire in 1836 o The Republican Party drafted a recharter bill in 1832 They did this because ifJackson did not sign this they could smear him in the next election If he did sign it the Republicans got what they wanted and the bank would be extended 3 Veto Jackson vetoed the bill and added a lengthy message about how the bank was unconstitutional was a monopoly and a prostitution of government to the rich and wellborn Congress did not override the veto E Election of 1832 0 Jackson won this election easily FCompletion of the Bank quotWarquot 1 quotRemovalquot of Deposits Jackson told the Secretary of the Treasury to remove all the deposits from the bank VI VII 2 He refused because he said that this would collapse the bank Jackson red him Roger B Taney Jackson appointed Roger B Taney to be the new Secretary to the Treasury He removed all the deposits from the National Bank and diffused them into quotpet banksquot These were small banks that the bank used to their own advantage 3 Biddle Panic G Biddle went into a panic because the bank was dying Despite all of his efforts to keep it alive Jackson killed the NannalBank Economic Boom and Speculation Right after the bank died America experienced an economic boom But this was not because of the bank The international demand for cotton was at its all time peak at this time This demand created revenue that boomed the economy Election of 1836 A Martin Van Buren Because ofJackson s power he practically hand picked his successon He pushed for Van Buren to receive the presidency because he was extremely loyal to him Because of this support by Jackson Van Buren hardly had to campaign Whig Party The National Republican Party collapsed and the Whig Party formed in its place They opposed Jackson ideas and quotKing Jackson the Firstquot as they nicknamed him The Whigs could not articulate what they wanted because they were simply quotantiJackson Van Buren and the Panic of 1837 The Van Buren administration held great potential But the presidency was disastrous The worst economic depression the country had seen since its founding happened The demand for cotton fell and planters that had taken out loans to buy land to plant cotton fell into major debts They could not pay back the money they owed The Log Cabin Campaign 1840 The election of 1840 was a very quotAmericanquot campaign VIII A A The quotLog Cabinquot made Harrison out as a man that pulled himself up and made himself something But Harrison actually was from a very wealthy family that was one of the original Jamestown settlers William Henry Harrison 0 Harrison was a war hero at the Battle of Tippecanoe Because of this battle Harrison and his campaign team created the slogan quotTippecanoe and Tyler tooquot 0 John Tyler ran with Harrison as his VP because the Whigs wanted to make it seem like they were inclusive 0 Harrison easily won this election because the people believed he was one of them 0 Harrison however was highly under quali ed for the job 0 During his inauguration address he refused to wear a coat and hat even though it was freezing and raining because he needed the America people to see him as one of them 0 He caught pneumonia and died two months into his presidency Whig Fiasco John Tyler The Whigs were not prepared forJohn Tyler to actually get the presidency Because Tyler was not in the Whig Party the Whigs could not get anything done for the duration of his presidency
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