New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Anthropology Week 10

by: McKenna Johnson

Anthropology Week 10 Anth 140-01

McKenna Johnson
GPA 3.53

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Covers Origins of the Genus Homo
Human origins diversity
Matthew Tornow
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Human origins diversity

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by McKenna Johnson on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 140-01 at St. Cloud State University taught by Matthew Tornow in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Human origins diversity in anthropology, evolution, sphr at St. Cloud State University.

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr


Reviews for Anthropology Week 10


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/25/16
Week Ten Anthropology Origins of the Genus Homo I. Early Homo A. Found in East Africa 1. Ethiopia a) Ledi-Geraru (1)Dates to 2.8 mya (a) New Find b) Hadar (1) Dates to 2.3 mya 2. Kenya a) Lake Baringo (1)Dates to 2.4 mya b) East Turkana (1) Dates to 1.9 mya 3. Tanzania a) Olduvai Gorge (1)Date to 1.85-1.6 mya B. Found in South Africa 1. Sterkfontein a) Dates to 2.2 mya 2. Swartkrans a) Dates to 1.8 mya 1 o 6 Week Ten Human Like trends in early Homo I. Increase in size of brain case A. Also known as neurocranium II. Decrease in size of Facial skeleton A. Also known as splanchnocranium Early Homo Verses Australopithecus Average Cranial Capacity: 631 cc 520cc - Robust 442cc - Gracile EQ: 3.0-3.5 EQ: 2.0-2.9 Face Skeleton: Orthognathic Prognathic Cranial Vault: Slight forehead receding Brow Ridge: Reduced Large Teeth: Early Homo Verses Australopithecus Incisors Large Large Canine Small Large Premolar Narrow Wide Last Molar Reduced Large 2 of6 Week Ten Derived Aspects of Early Homo Post Cranium: I. Big toe gets/becomes less divergent II. Change in head/neck of femur Primitive aspects of Early Homo Post Cranium I. Long Arms II. Curved fingers A. BUT they are shorter H. rudolfensis (in comparison to H. Habilis) I. Primitive Traits A. Large Palate B. Robust Jaw C. Big cheek teeth 1. Molars and premolars II. Derived Traits A. Large brain size 1. Size: 750cc B. Lesser brow ridge C. Orthognathic D. More modern Femur 3 of6 Week Ten Sites for H. habilis and H. rudolfensis I. H. habilis A. East Turkana 1. Dates to 2.0-1.8 mya B. Olduvai Gorge 1. Dates to 1.8-1.5mya C. Hadar 1. Dates to 2.4-2.3 mya D. Sterkfontein 1. Dates to 2.2-2.0 mya II. H. rudolfensis A. East Turkana 1. Dates to 2.0-1.8mya B. Chiwondo Beds, Malawi 1. Dates to 2.4 mya Progression/Evolution I. Linear progression of human evolution must be thrown out A. It is much more “bush-like” 1. There is a lot of diversity and variation 4 o 6 Week Ten Life-ways of Early Homo I. Dates to 2.8 - 1.7 mya in East Africa and South Africa A. Possibly reduced sexual Dimorphism B. Evidence for stone tools 1. Not as much of a hallmark Homo trait as once thought a) Homo does make stone tools in a new/different way (1) Uses active tool making I. Lower Paleolithic 3.3-125,000 ya A. Lower Paleolithic = tool making time period B. Oldowan technology 2.5 mya 1. Some think Lower Paleolithic should start at oldowan technology 2. Most common Oldowan Technology known as Cobble Chopper Core tools - a shaped stone Flake tools - pieces removed from a stone Tools and Diet: I. Probably primarily Vegetarian A. Foragers for vegetation II. Opportunistic meat eaters A. scavenging 1. used cobble chopper (oldowan technology) to get to bone marrow B. hunting 5 o 6 Week Ten 1. no good, direct evidence a) Look at chimps for an example Early Homo Camp(?) in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I. Mary Leaky’s Discover (1964) A. Dates to 1.8 mya B. Stone Circle 1. Possibly used as Wind Breaker C. Homebase 1. Lots of bones of animals were found 2. Suggests this was used as a homebase II. Rick Potts’s Reanalysis (1988) A. Result of natural processes 1. tree roots pushing stones up a) instead of made to use as wind breaker B. Accumulation of resources 1. water washed up the resources C. Cache area 1. Homo kept coming back to this area, but NOT homeless a) resource rich area to be used 6 o 6


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.