What Else Can We Do?
What Else Can We Do? POLS 1500
Popular in Themes in Global Politics
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Steven Hernandez on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1500 at Ohio University taught by Brandon Kendhammer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see Themes in Global Politics in Political Science at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
Thursday October 29 2015 POLS What Else Can We Do I Understanding Poverty Better TOMS It s important to recognize that whenever you direct your money at a problem you can t address other problems with that money Things given out for free might not be as valuable as local things Alyu Dangote First African Billionaire through business venture Wealthiest nonpolitician in Africa Focused on selling cement and other basic needs of poor Easterly These are the best people fighting against poverty in local economies Sure help when there s an earthquake but don t make it worse Being able to invest in African business is the best way to help local economies Prevents governments from misusing it Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo Interested in the individual You can prove the effectiveness of an economic aid by testing in the same way we test for medicine and immunizations In technology we strive to spend the least to do the most why not do the same with social policy Thursday October 29 2015 Poor Economics her book Don t assume we know what works we must find out Focus on lowhanging fruit cheap and simple interventions with big payoffs Understand why people often make seemingly irrational decisions expensive cure vs cheap prevention Identifying the simple solutions and tackling those for the most effectiveness People are bad at prioritizing doing simple things that are effective Duflo learn who or what is the most effective things Thursday October 29 2015 What Else Can We Do ll The Power of Good Institutions Why is it Hard for Poor People to Save Sociologists people who are well off are better able to save money while poetry relatively speaking is more expensive Rotating Credit and Savings Association You get a group together and you commit to put in a certain amount of cash in a box Every month different people get the total bounty straight up Collier s solution Start with the Government Intersted in politics Making government better will alleviate poverty All of the world powers have something in common a strong government Be able to tax people Able to regulate economy of nation Depend on the people of the country Why do we pay taxes for People are generally able to get good stuff out of taxes Government sort of becomes like an organized crime mob Farming governments have to choose wisely because there are no other resources Thursday October 29 2015 Pizza Pie Example It s better to get a small piece of a big pie than to get a large piece of a small pie Good governments don t take so much that the economy can t grow But Why do Dictators Take So much from the Pie You re afraid afraid of coups afraid of changes afraid of loss of power Pie might not depend on what the citizens are doing Collier if we can get bad leaders to buy into the idea to make the pie bigger then they can be better Who do we get leaders to hold out until the pizza gets bigger Making the Pie Bigger Historically it can through Violence Ex Medieval France better governments conquered rivals in the Hexagon Those who are best at modernizing win But that motivation only comes through threat of being stripped from power Problems in the Global South Hard for countries to find competition and pressure to modernize Thursday October 29 2015 Central African Republic very bad country Every man for themselves constant overthrow of governments There is not much to look forward to in terms of the pizza Collier s Solutions You have to fix the politics first why are some states strong pg 169177 creating accountability in government pg 178 International aid should be directed and providing key public goods Collier s ldeas Provide guarantees of security i exchange for good government pg 2026 Enforce checks and balances in spending aid pg 2138 We know that aid can be a big part of a country s budget which can lead to bad spending Create regional security cooperation pg 21821 Governments suck because they have no reason not to suck One important way to keep the Global South from misspending money on a government standpoint Don t waste money on the military