Psychology of Adolescence Week 7
Psychology of Adolescence Week 7 Psy 332
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katerina Patrinos on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 332 at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater taught by Dr. Fruiht in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Adolescence in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
Psychology of Adolescence Psych 332 10202015 Gender Remember Freud Gender roles are formed as a result of the Oedipal or Electra Complex 0 Really happens in phallic stage Remember Erickson Crisis are solved differently depending on your genitalia Destiny and behavior result from biological differences 0 The way we move through developmental stages are based on genitals and what hormones are going through our body 0 Girls and boys will achieve stages differently Gender role intensi cation Hypothesis Genderrole socialization intensi es during adolescence 0 This does NOT correlate with biologicalhormonal changes 0 Much better seen by what grade you are in and our society socializing more Social evolution 0 Women generally have less social power than men across cultures 0 Girls are more likely to tend and befriend and men are more likely to ght or ight 0 Lower status less power thus adapted to be more cooperative 0 Because we have less power women need to form groups and stick together Parents 0 Model gender appropriate behavior 0 Girls learn better from other girls and boys learn better from other boys 0 Allow boys more independence than girls and encourage more exploration 0 More like to treat girls as more precious 0 Set different boundaries for boys and girls Reinforce different behaviors in girls and boys 0 Study showed girls were more likely to be reinforced to quotbe nicequot where boys were not 0 Different performance expectations for boys and girls Media 0 Models different behaviors and values for boys and girls Adolescents become more sensitive to gender role models in the media 0 The media becomes increasingly stereotyped in targeting adolescents Peers Adolescents become increasingly reliant upon peers and peers become more strict in their gender roles Gender Stereotypes Stereotypes about genders are still pervasive among both adults and children Cognitive Gender Differences Studies of neurological gender differences are most commonly done with adults not children 0 More like to sit still give consent etc 0 Differences in brain structure and function are found 0 Different between adult men and adult women 0 Gender differences are apparent even in very young children 0 Men outperform women on mental rotation Boy babies outperform girl babies on mental rotation task 0 Men are more likely to utilize both sides of their brain to solve this problem More within group than between group variation Cognitive Gender Differences Females out perform males on verballanguage performances 0 Similar differences in patterns of activation 0 In general we see more spread activation in women than men Gender Differences in Academics Why do Cognitive and Social Gender Differences Exist Socialization differences 0 Parents peers and media provide different exemplars and social learning opportunities 0 Stereotypes about gender and stereotypes threat in uences performancebehavior Girls doing math on a standardized exam know that guys usually do better and try to over compensate 0 Gender intensi cation is a socialized experience of early adolescence Biological differences 0 Androgens and estrogens effect behavior Noticed that women with more testosterone do better at spacial tasks 0 Developmental differencesesp surrounding puberty set different trajectories of performance Video game player gain spacial and faster performance 0 Neuroplasticity in formative years set the stage for different trajectories We set different expectations for boys than we do girls 0 Girls have an edge up in 56 7th grade 0 They were better able to sit still in class and pay attention 0 Where boys were more likely to act out and get placed in lower level classes Effects of Gender Differences 0 Girls may selfselect out of higher paying jobs 0 Girls have lower self esteem overall 0 Boys many not learn to express or regulate emotions 0 Boys who didn t get taught coping ways and learn how to regulate their emotions they are more likely to act out 0 Highly masculine adolescents engage in more risk taking and delinquent behavior Debates about Gender roles Emphasis on differences between gender helps fuel the issue 0 In US culture strides have been made since the 19705 in the softening of strict gender roles The Case of Androgyny MEEElllii E High Low N I r lemine it E E E LL Masculine Women who report more masculine traits like leadership independence and selfsufficiency alongside quotfemale traitsquot generally more satis ed with life professionally successful and have higher selfesteem Men who report more feminine like communication skills empathy exibility are more likely to stay married make better partners and are more satis ed with life and relationships Transgender Individuals 0 Children adolescents or adults who don t identify with the gender matching their biological sex Adolescence can be a time of gender exploration and resolution Implications Gender is not entirely biological or socialized Teaching masculine and feminine stereotypes and roles start very early 0 Teaching children to be high in both traits may encourage wellbeing Emphasis on crossgendered play and interaction in childhood makes more gender balanced adults Sample essay question 0 Both gender identity and moral autonomy develop in adolescence what are the parallels between these two types of development 0 Note and describede ne at leas t4 parallels between the two developmental processes Gender Identity 0 Young socialized gender roles Addocence intensi cation Lessintensity 0 Relative o Selfownedautonomous o abstract Moral Autonomy Sense of beliefsprinciples Pre conven don t get in trouble mom dad Conv be nicelaw and order 0 Post conv human rights greater good 0 Abstract relativism self ownedautonomus
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