PSYX 233 Goals and Personal Control: 27 October
PSYX 233 Goals and Personal Control: 27 October PSYX 233 - 01
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PSYX 233 - 01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYX 233 - 01 at University of Montana taught by Christa Marie Neuman (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Fund of Psychology of Aging in Psychlogy at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
Goals and Personal Control SelfEfficacy Goals 0 How do goals influence the way we process information o How does the need for closure influence the way we process information I How does it change with age 0 Our level of selfefficacy can be dependent on past stimuli I Stimulus gt Response ideal Personal goals 0 Problem solving strategies change across the life span and differ among individuals 0 Goals change with ages as a function of experience and time left in the life span I Studies show when people write their goals down they are more likely to achieve them 0 Selective Optimization with Compensation update goals to match resources to obtain goals I More of a lifespan perspective 0 Older adults have riskier behavior because they have more resources health family support etc Personal Control the degree one believes one s performance in a situation is dependent on something that one personally does Can I do it Do I think I can do it Confidence Will I do it Taking action belief about one s selfefficacy Changes across domains health intelligence etc From age 70 on there is a decline in a sense of personal control over health I Interpreting normal decline as being powerless over health I Those with believed higher sense of personal control over cognitive changes performed better on memory tasks OOO Concepts of social psychology and selfefficacy Better relationships better health better cognitive functioning Selfefficacy Ba ndura Internal locust of control Rotter Learned Helplessness Seligman Personal Control OOOOO Selffulfilling prophesies Selfefficacy predicts what we are going to do 0 Cognitive behavioral therapy has to do with acting despite the way you feel I Not believing you can but doing it anyway 0 Changes by stimulus support or discouragement I Why we now encourage effort as opposed to natural ability I Selected goals vs nonselected goals 0 Knowing you re not good at math so not becoming a math major 0 Where opportunitychange meets preparedness success 0 We are successful when we prepare for it I The ability to attain goals by influencing the external environment increased into adulthood but then declines into old age 0 Models of Selection Optimization and Compensation 0 Assimilative and accommodative coping I Founded on the premise that goal related action aims to reduce discrepancy between one s current state and some future state I Assimilative activities one acts to alter current state by preventing losses that are personally relevant for selfesteem and identity 0 Someone wanting to play football begins practicing 0 Loss prevented is not getting on the team 0 Current state is skill level altered by practice 0 Someone wanting to graduate studies for a test 0 Loss prevented is failing a class 0 Skill level is GPA altered by studying I Accommodations readjustments of goals and aspirations as a way to lessen or neutralize the effects of negative selfevaluations in areas of life important to them 0 Wanting to run a full marathon but you re not in shape so you only run a 5K 0 Changing the goal for fear of failure 0 Almost like making unconscious excuses I Immunizing mechanisms processes that cognitively alter the effect of selfdiscrepant evidence looking for alternative explanations or deny evidence 0 I m a great student how did I not do well on the test 0 Cognitive Dissonance accommodation occurs when assimilation fails 0 When we can t alter our current state we will readjust the goals 0 Tension between what we think and what we do I Smokers belief that quotit won t happen to me 0 Control Strategies 0 Primary Control Strategies I Bringing the environment in line with one s desires and goals I Action is directed toward changing the external world 0 Problem solving if you lose yourjob actively search for another job 0 Adaptive value to the individual 0 More prevalent in younger ages 0 Secondary control strategies I Involve bringing oneself in line with the environment I Cognitive activities directed toward the self 0 Appraising the situation 0 Minimizing losses
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