POSI 2310 Chapter Review
POSI 2310 Chapter Review 2310
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2310 at Texas State University taught by Joshua Quinn in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Political Science at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
POSI 2310 Review How the 3 branches of the government work and don t work together Divided Government a Divided levels i Federal and state state and local ii Specific functions b Divided responsibility divided powers i Congress and legislative branch ii President and the executive branch iii The judicial branch iv Creates a more stable government c Fear of factions monarchy i Checks and balances ii Creates less efficiency The Legislative Branch a Tied to people closely answer to constituents i Elected subcommittees and important constitute issues pork spending b Founders saw aw preeminent branch thought it would be the most important i House of Representatives larger than Senate more outside influence opportunities for special interest groups ii Senate more nationally minded elite c Power is checked by i President veto of bills pressure congress ii Judiciary legal challenges iii People through elections d Power supported by i President has to work with them ii Judiciary The President and Executive Branch a Strong office i Singular authority and national election b Complex job i Domestic and international ii Policy implementation iii Cooperation with other branches c Power is checked by i Legislative branch ii Judiciary iii People through elections d Power supported by i Legislative branch 1 Congress has worked with president most of the time ii Judicial branch VI 1 Presidential appointments means support from some justices 2 Appointed form same party as president 3 Decide issues on ideological lines The Judicial Branch a Several levels i Local and state ii US district courts Court of Appeals Supreme Court b Least democratic branch i Members not elected less responsive to public opinion c Serves a legislative role i Questions of constitutionality Influenced by political issues Power checked by i Presidentexecutive branch ii Legislative branch can rewrite laws put stipulations iii Some states people through election f Power supported by i Everyone Case Study Obergefell v Hodges 2015 a Not single case six lowercourt cases originally represented 16 samesex couples i Appeals to Circuit Courts overturned bans ii Appeal to 6th Circuit upheld ban iii Disagreement between courts leads the case to the Supreme Court b Supreme Court issues decision i State bans are invalid ii Violation of equal protection clause c Battles over implementation i Kentucky county clerk Kim Davis 1 Wants different forms for samesex ii Tennessee 1 Is issuing licenses an option iii Alabama 1 Judge John Enslen amp 10th amendment 2 Proposes that the federal government should issue licenses 3 This power is not specifically stated in the Constitution so it falls under the 10th amendment and is left to the states d Public opinion e Involved executive and judicial branches f Cooperative Case Study Marijuana Legalization in Colorado a Colorado has ballot measure i Goes to popular vote passes by 54 ii State branches must cooperate create policy b In state challenges i Coates v Dish Network 2013 1 Man is fired for failing a urinalysis test 2 Colorado Court of Appeals 3 Question of quotlawful activity under state law a quotstill illegal federally b Conflict between state and federal law 4 Upheld by Colorado Supreme Court c Out of state challenges i Learning from history California 1 DEA raids on medical pot dispensaries despite Obama s promise not to 2 Concern over federal legal action 3 Action by DEA action by Congress ii Colorado and the Justice Department 1 Create the quotwatch and verify approach d Both cooperative and conflictual VII Case Study Opening of International Relations with Cuba a Late in Obama s term i Honeymoon is over concentrate on international policy ii Obama and Castro announced they were restoring diplomatic ties 1 Ties were broken when Castro had made a communist government iii Obama wants to ease restrictions on travel and trade 1 Commerce and treasury department involved 2 Diplomat went to Cuba to discuss terms b Legislative actions i Legislation in question 1 Trading with the Enemy Act 2 Cuban Democracy Act of 1992 or Torricelli Act 3 Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act of 1996 the HelmsBurton Act ii There are several bills in congress 1 Most won t come out of subcommittee c Other actors i Republican candidates for president denounced Obama 1 Except Rand Paul ii Public support 1 Poll majority of people say yes d UN vote on Cuban embargo UN condemns the embargo e Executive and legislative branch involved VIII Case Study quotSurface Transportation Reauthorization and Reform Act of 2015 a Truck drivers i Roads are workplace federally funded ii Funds are often up for cuts b Write bill c Need a sponsor in House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee goo 3er i Bill Shutter R Pa Peter DeFazio D Ore Sam Graves R Mo Eleanor Holmes Norton D DC Passes committee vote unanimously Now must go to full vote in the House i Senate already passed quotDRIVE Act Conference committee revote in both chambers To President Obama Involved legislative and executive branch Cooperative
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