Ed Psych chapter 8
Ed Psych chapter 8 Psyc3200
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc3200 at Tulane University taught by Sarah Grey in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Educational psychology in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
Chapter 8 learning and cognition in context 10292015 Pg 227242 VOCAB Contextual theory theory of learning that focuses on how peoples general physical social and or cultural surroundings support their learning development and behavior Situated learning and cognition knowledge behaviors and thinking skills acquired and used primarily within certain context with limited or no retrieval and use in other contexts Distributed cognition and intelligence enhancement of thinking through the use of physical objects and technology concepts and symbols of ones culture and or social collaboration and support Social constructivism theoretical perspective that focuses on peoples collective efforts to impose meaning on the world Sociocultural theory theoretical perspective emphasizing the importance of society and culture in promoting learning and development Mediated learning experience discussion between an adult and a child in which the adult helps the child make sense of an event they are mutually experiencing Community of learners class in which teachers and students actively and collaboratively work to create a body of knowledge and help one another learn Worldview general culturally based set of assumptions about reality that in uence understanding of a wide variety of phenomena Community of practice group of people who share common interests and goal and regularly interact and coordinate their efforts in pursuit of those interest and goals Legitimate peripheral participation initially participating at the fringe of a community of practice as away of gaining knowledge and skills related to the groups typical ways of doing things Society very large enduring social group that has fairly explicit social and economic structures and collective institutions and activities Distributed knowledge possession of different areas of expertise by various member of a social group such that group members must rely in one another to maximize their personal and collective performance and success Authentic activity classroom activity similar to an activity that students are apt to encounter in the outside world Problembased learning classroom activity in which students acquire new knowledge and skills while working on a complex problem similar to one that might exist in the outside world Projectbased learning classroom activity in which students acquire new knowledge and skills while working on a complex multifaceted project that yields and concrete end product Service learning activity that promotes learning and development through contributing to the betterment of others and the outside community Elearning instruction and learning that occur largely or entirely within the context of digital technologies Distance learning technologybased instruction in which students are at a location physically separate form that of their instructor Intelligent tutoring system computer software program that provides individually tailored instruction and practice plus ongoing guidance and feedback related to a particular topic and set of skills Basic assumptions of contextual theories 0 The brain functions in close collaboration with the rest of the body 0 Acquired knowledge and skills are often tie to a limited set of activities and environment situated learning 0 Learners often think and perform more effectively when they can off load some of the cognitive burden onto something or someone else 0 Writing down part of problem 0 Organizing using cognitive tools 0 Group brainstorms o Learners sometimes learn more effectively when they collaborate with others to coconstruct meaning 0 Share various interpretations social constructivism With the help guidance of more knowledgeable individuals learners bene t from the accumulated wisdom of their cultural group Children bene t from group work 0 Adults more advance individuals help young learners by introducing new cognitive and metacognitive strategies 0 Peers 0 help clarify Organize thoughts 0 increase exposure of differing views 0 elaborate on knowledge 0 working in communities of learners gives students a sense of strategies scientistscholars use to advance knowledge 0 great for diverse classrooms to show cultural perspectives and decrease segregation world views in uence learners interpretations of current events and classroom subject matter communities of practice are an aspect of culture 0 a society in uence its member by the resources it provides activities it supports and messages it sends agenda setting o distributed knowledge teachers should make use of authentic activities to prepare students accomplish more promote meaningful learning make mental connections between school and real world technology can seamlessly integrate several media and pedagogical strategies instruction can be delivered from afar can make instruction more easily individualized allows learners to manipulate data in a variety of ways while also keeping cognitive load within reasonable limits increase diversity of knowledge search on an asneeded basis increase collaboration and communication between students and with teacher provide means for authentic activities blue lines between work and play when incorporating technology remember don t assume instruction is betterjust because it involves technology some students may have limited knowledge about access to technology teach appropriate social etiquette monitor students entries for content bullying different content domains different context of learning
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