this weeks notes
this weeks notes GEOG 103 001
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eliza Lynch on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 103 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Larianne Collins (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Geography in Geography at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
102715 GEOG103 Pooulation pyramids a bar graph representing the distribution of population by age amp sex Ex Cape Verde stage 2 large base on a graph indicative of high birth rates Chile stage 3 Denmark stage 4 Dependencv ratio number of people too young or too old to work compared to number of people in their productive years Why are birth rates so high Lack of development littleno education as to where babies come from incorrectlack of knowledge about contraception amp other birth control religious beliefs forbid contraception Roman Catholicism son mania abortion of girls or infanticide abandoningkilling the baby somewhere High IMR remains high bc women have babies so rapidly that bodies cannot recover Male chauvinism no access to contraception male dominant attitude what he says goes as to how many kids they re having Number of children cultural status of women more children the more popular etc 1 REASON Low status of Women globally LDCs much worse than MDCs Population Futures world population will still increase BUT at a slower rate growth depends on the total fertility rate right now is 25 MDCs may move into Stage 5 World Population is aging lndia amp China will heavily influence population prospects National Family Planning V One Child Policy Culture amp Identity Cultural geography how cultures vary over space Culture understandings behavioral patterns amp material artifacts that make up a society s way of life cultivate o learned behavior not biological 0 not static diffusion Parts of Society language religion government economy food clothing architecture family life Culture Traits behavioral patterns that people repeat over time habits vs customs howwhere we eat how we greet each other religious beliefs holiday celebrations leisure time spent Cultural Landscape human imprint on the landscape Folk Culture vs Poo Culture Folk small homogenous groups rural areas small distribution preserves traditions self sufficient varies from place to place survival is threatened sensitive to environment don t waste as much because they don t consume as much Pop large heterogeneous societies urban wide distribution embraces conformity influenced by mass media varies from time to time dominant culture threatens the environment The Amish best example of folk culture in the US 1600s Switzerland NE France amp SW Germany lmmigrated to NW Europe in 1700s for religious freedom cultural pull International Migration economic pull to North America in 1700s amp 1800s lnterregional Migration economic pull to Kentucky amp Tennessee was originally most populated in Pennsylvania Generally operate with horses amp buggies w no cars Soccer Football Futball Hearth England 1000 s Danish invasion of England English played Kick the Danes Head boys imitated soldiers w cow bladder Mob scenes 2 rival villages banned by King Henry II in 1100s King James I legalized it in 1603 still a folk custom 1800s Industrial Rev more leisure timehigher incomeparticipate or view sporting eventspro players hired at played events all organized sports POP culture 1St American football Rutgers vs Princeton Food Preferences people adapt their food preferences to conditions in the environment 0 Hebrews no pork meat spoils quickly 0 Muslims no pork competed w humans for water not very useful in farming o Hindus no cattle need large supply to plow fields at same timeduring monsoons Taboo restriction on behavior imposed by social custom Ex Japanese have taboo on not eating otters bc they are forgetful Pop Clothing Milan Paris London centers for pop clothing Clustered vs Dispersed lsolation promotes cultural diversity Pop culture is extremely widely dispersed largely because of mass media TV amp lnternet Diffusion o 1995 40 million users worldwide 0 diffusion of internet took a decade Globalization of Pop Culture 1 Threats to folk culture cultural imperialism rising incomes rising demands of material possessions adoption of western dress modern role of women MDCs dominate TV industry in LDCs Cultural imperialism leads to cultural extinction diffusion challenges stability 2 Environmental Impacts does NOT consider physical features considering socialeconomic features depletion of natural resources increased energy consumption use of animals minx lynx jaguar meat consumption strains grain supply poHu on 3 Uniform Landscape 0 pop cultural promotes it 0 product recognition 0 gas stations super markets motels restaurants 00000 000000 102915 GEOG103 Evolutionism cultural change is embedded in cultures change is internally determined from within Diffusionism aspects of culture spread from spaces of origin change is adopted from without Acculturation adoption of aspects of the surrounding culture while retaining one s original culture minority adopts dominant culture Assimilation adoption of aspects of the surrounding culture causing loss of one s original culture complete integration Cultural ldentitvsexual orientation gender language socioeconomic status religion ethnicity political affiliations nationality iceberg analogy surface culture food flags festivals music etc deep culture intrinsic attitudes toward certain things communication stylesrules etc LANGUAGE Language system of communication through speech w collective sounds that people understand to have the meaning Over history there has been 10000 languages spoken through history 60007000 spoken presently assimilation happenedpop culture took over distribution of language results from isolation amp interaction preliterate societies people who have a spoken but not written language literary tradition a system of written communication first two languages cuneiform ancient Samarians amp hieroglyphics Egyptians only 12 languages are spoken by more than 100 million mandarin is the largest most dominant Chinese language saying Chinese isn t accurately a language United Nations Languages 1 mandarin 2 Spanish 3 English US amp UK 4 Arabic 5 Russian 6 French Made up of the UN political security council Lanouaoe familv collection of languages related through a common ancestry that existed before recorded history trunk Only 20 Broadest way to classify languages Mandarin is the most spoken language on the planet English is most diffused spread out on planet Know first 3 1 lndo European 46 English Spanish Hindi 2 Sino Tibetan 21 Mandarin 3 Afro Asiatic 6 ArabicHebrew Lanquaqe branch collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago branch Lanquaqe Cirouo collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past amp display relatively few differences leaves Diffusion of English Spoken by 1 billion people most widely diffused language Invasions German angles Norman Viking Diffusion from British Isles in 1600s diffused from England to Ireland NA South asia South pacific Southern Africa English the official language in 57 countries No official language of the United States 00000 Global Dominance of English Relocation hierarchical amp contagious diffusion Lingua franca language of international communication English Swahili Russian Pidgin parts of 2 or more languages are combined in a simplified structure and vocabulary never born learning to speak this2nOI language not usually complete sentences creole language language that results from mixing of a colonizing language with the indigenous smaller language only spoken by a handful of peopletribegroup etc language and is adopted as the native language English has increasingly become integrated with other languages 0 Franglais Spanglish cubonics hinglish denglish o quot not pidgins Variations of a Language British vs American vs Australian OR regionally within a country matter of scale Standard Language the accepted dialect of the official language that is promoted as the norm British Received Pronunciation BRP STANDARD AND OFFICIAL LANGUAGES ARE NOT THE SAME THING Dialect a regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary spelling amp pronunciation speed amp rhythm Vernacular nonstandard indigenous languagedialect indicative of socioeconomiceducational levels 0 Social dialects interchangeable term w vernacular Bidialectic use standard English outside of community but use their dialect at home lsogloss a word usage boundary line lsophone a word pronunciation boundary line
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