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Public Speaking

by: Mark Lehner

Public Speaking SPCH 201

Mark Lehner

GPA 3.64

Gary Eckles

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Gary Eckles
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mark Lehner on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SPCH 201 at College of William and Mary taught by Gary Eckles in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/231153/spch-201-college-of-william-and-mary in Speech at College of William and Mary.


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Date Created: 10/29/15
Public Speaking Exam Guide 2 Chapter 5 3 ways to accomplish a due consideration of diversity in audiences 1 Recognize your own place as part of the audience 2 Respect your listeners 3 Recognize and act on feedback from your audience Audience Segmentation the strategy of dividing an audience into various subgroups based on their demographic and psychographic profiles Audience targeting the strategy of directing a speech primarily toward one or more portions of the entire audience Psychographics characteristics of audience such as values beliefs attitudes and behaviors Values judgment ofwhat is right or wrong desirable or undesirable usually expressed as words or phrases Belief statement that people accept as true Attitude statement expressing an individual s approval or disapproval like or dislike 3 general listener attitudes towards speakers 1 Favorable 2 Unfavorable 3 Neutral Chapter 6 Visual Brainstorming listing all ideas that come to mind without evaluating censoring any of them Informal written outline achieved by freeassociating around a key word or idea 3 things that a specific purpose should specify 1 Inform convey new or useful information in balanced way 2 Persuade in uence listeners beliefs or actions or Actuate 3 Entertain make a point through creative organized use of humorous supporting materials Thesis Statement one sentence synopsis ofa speaker s message Chapter 7 Deep Web huge databases ofInternet information posted by public gov39t corporate and private agencies and available only by specific queries Database huge collection of information arranged for quick retrieval by computer using key words stipulated by a researcher 9 Specific databases and indexes 1 2 Academic Search Premier peer reviewed academic journals AccuNetAP multimedia archive of Associated Press CQ Researcher articles on all sides of currentcontroversial issues ERIC fulltext education research Info Trac Onefile articles from periodicals LexisNeXis Academic international business healthlawnews etc Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center procon essays on controversial topics Project Muse full teXt articles from scholar journals from nonprofits Science Resource Center full teXt articles from magazine 5 Newspaper databases Ethnic News watch Factiva Historical newspapers InfoTrac Custom Newspaper New Bank 2 websites that access US Gov t printing office publications httpthomaslocgov wwwaccessgpogov What to do before an Interview Determine whom you want to interview Format the interview Schedule the interview Research the interviewee before you show up Prepare a list of open and closed questions What to do during an Interview Introduce yourself Conduct the interview in a professional manor Try to relax Thank the person for the interview Chapter 8 Four Types of Examples 1 Brief 2 Extended 3 Actual 4 Hypothetical Four Common types of definitions 1 By Synonym subing a word having similar meaning 2 By Etymology explaining origins of word 3 By example providing an instance 4 By Operation showing how word works Two Types of Narrative Personal story told from point ofview ofa participant 3ml Person witness tells story Guidelines for Statistical Material 1 Do not rely on statistics exclusively 2 Round off 3 Use units of measure familiar to others 4 Use presentational aids 5 Stress the impact oflarge numbers Five basic questions for evaluating electronic information 1 Purpose 2 Expertise 3 Objectivity 4 Accuracy 5 Timeliness Recommendations for Citing Sources Oral Footnotes Clear source citations enhance credibility and helps interested listeners find published sources Give only the info necessary to build credibility Add qualifications into your citations Notes in Class Speech Writing Focus on one thing Speak in detail Invention Selecting Analyze your audience Demographic Psychographic Analyze your environment Forum Visual aids Research the subject General definition Overworked Controversial Topics EX don t smoke etc Four Parts of Research Process Introspection Talk to others Talk to experts


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