Gen Chem with Qual Analysis I
Gen Chem with Qual Analysis I CHM 1045C
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bridie Lynch on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CHM 1045C at Valencia College taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see /class/231197/chm-1045c-valencia-college in Chemistry at Valencia College.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
Chapter 1 Chemistry and Measurement I Science Methodical accumulation of knowledge A Scienti c method measurementobservation law thinking hypothesis B Everchanging theoretical models II Chemistry Study of matter and matterenergy interaction A What is chemistry B Why study chemistry III Classify matter A by physical state solid liquid gas B by composition mixtures compounds and elements 1 physical properties and changes 2 chemical properties and changes IV Measurements units A Signi cant Figures B Units unit pre xes derived units C Unit conversionsdimensional analysis Chapter 2 Atoms Molecules and Ions I Atomic structure A Dalton s Atomic Theory B JJ Thompson cathode ray tubes electrons C Robert Millikan39s oil drop experiment charge on the electron D Ernest Rutherford39s gold foil experiment neutrons E Isotope symbols neutron protons and electrons F Atomic mass unit G Periodic table metals metalloids and nonmetals II Formulas nomenclature A Ionic vs molecular compounds B Organic vs inorganic compounds C Ionic compound nomenclature D Molecular compound nomenclature E Chemical equations writing balancing Chapter 3 Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations 1 Calcs with chemical formulas and moles A Amu mole and Avogadro39s number B Mass lt gt moles lt gt number ofmolecules and atoms C Molecular weight and formula weight D Formula lt gt mass 11 Chemical equations A Stoichiometry B Moles and masses of reactantsproducts in reactions C Limiting reactant theoretical yield yield Chapter 4 Chemical Reactions Writing chemical equations recognizing reaction types and predicting the products of reactions 1 Electrolytes A Electrolytes and nonelectrolytes B Weak and strong electrolytes 11 Chemical equations A Molecular equations B Net ionic equations III Types of reactions recognize and predict products A Precipitation reactions B Acidbase reactions 1 Strong and weak acids 2 Strong and weak bases 3 Less common bases NH3 and COg39z C Oxidationreduction reactions 1 Oxidation numbers 2 ActiVity series 3 Half reactions IV Molar concentration of solutions mol A Calculations M 7 B Dilution calcs C Quantitative analysis 1 Volumetric analysis titration 2 GraVimetric analysis purity Chapter 5 The Gaseous State 1 Pressure measurement II Empirical Gas Laws A Boyle s Law B Charles39 Law C Avogadro39s Law D CombinedIdeal Gas Law 111 Additional Gas Law calculations A Gas density and molecular weight B Gas stoichiometry IV Dalton39s Law of Partial Pressures mole fraction V KineticMolecular Theory of Gases A Qualitative explanations of gas properties B Conditions for nonideal real behavior VI RMS speeds of gases diffusion and effusion rates Chapter 6 Thermochemistry 1 Energy Potential Kinetic and AE II Enthalpy Aern III Measuring qrxn IV AHmnAHorxn V Hess39 Law VI Food Cal Chapter 7 Quantum Theory of the Atom 1 Wave Properties A Wavelength frequency speed B Behavior refraction and diffraction 11 Pieces to the atom structure puzzle A Blackbody radiation Max Planck B Photoelectric effect Albeit Einstein C Line spectra Niels Bohr 1 Energy levels energy level diagrams 2 Electrons change E levels emission and absorption of photons D Wave nature of particles Louis de Broglie E Quantum model of the atom l Uncertainty principle Werner Heisenberg 2 Schrodinger equation 1 1 2 orbitals 111 Quantum numbers and orbitals A Allowable values of the four quantum numbers B 711 spd subshell notation C Orbital shapes Chapter 8 Electron Configurations and Periodicity 1 Spin and the spin quantum number 11 Electron con guration some exceptions III Orbital diagrams A Hund s rule for multiorbital shells B Magnetic properties of elements C Flying frogs Pigs don39t frogs do IV Periodicity A Atom and ion sizes B Successive ionization energies C Electron affinity electronegativity D Descriptive chemistry of the maingroup elements Chapter 9 Ionic and Covalent Bonding I Ionic bonding A Electron con guration of ions B Ionic radii II Covalent bonding A Bond energy and bond length B ElectronegatiVity differences and bond polarity C Lewis dot structures 1 Octet rule 2 Formal charges 3 Resonance delocalized electrons D More on bond energy and bond length 1 Bond order 2 Estimating Aern Chapter 10 Molecular Geometry and Chemical Bonding Theory I VSEPR and the number of quotthingsquot attached A Molecular shape and AXHEn molecule type B Bond angles and molecular polarity II Valence bond theory A Hybrid atomic orbitals B o sigma and TE pi bonds III Molecular orbital theory of bonding not covered Chapter 11 States of Matter Liquids and Solids I Phases A Phase transitions B Various properties of phases II Intermolecular forces A Dipoledipole B Londondispersive C Hydrogenbonding III Types of solids A Crystalline vs amorphous B Types of crystalline solids C Cubic unit cells Chapter 12 Solutions 1 Terminology II Solubility factors III Concentration A Mass B Mole fraction C Molarity D Molality IV Vapor pressure V Colligative properties VI Colloids micelles Chapter 13 Materials of Technology not covered Chapter 14 Rates of Reaction I Kinetics what is it II Reaction rates Rate B Rate constant k C Orders of reaction III Determining orders of reaction A Method of initial rates B Integrated rate laws C Halflife IV Integrated rate laws concentration and time calcs V Collision theory temp rate activation energy VI Reaction mechanism A Ratedetermining step B Catalysts Chapter 15 Chemical Equilibrium I Equilibrium constant K II K calc d from concentrations at equilibrium III Kp IV Sum reactions multiply K s V Qualitative interpretation of K VI Calc of equilibrium concentrations VII Q direction of reaction VIII Le Chatelier s principle effect of stress on equilibrium Chapter 16 Acids and Bases I Typesdefinitions of acids and bases A Arrhenius acids and bases B BronsteadLowry acids and bases 1 Conjugate bases 2 Conjugate acids C Lewis acids and bases II Relative acid and base strength A An acid or base vs its conjugate B Acid strength based on structure III KW IV pH V Indicators Chapter 17 AcidBase Equilibria 1 K211 Kaz A pH of weak acid and base solutions B Solving or simplifying quadratics II Kb III pH of salt solutions IV Commonion effect V Buffers VI Titrations Chapter 18 Solubility and Complex Ion Equilibria 1 Ksp II Common ion effect A Solubility B Precipitation C Fractional precipitation and separation III Complex ions B Solublilityfree ion concentration IV Qualitative Analysis Chapter 19 Thermodynamics and Equilibrium I Enthalpy H A Change in enthalpy AH B Phase changes C A Temperature D Reactions 11 AG Gibbs free energy A Spontaneousnonspontaneous B AGf C AG and K Q D Spontaneity and temperature Chapter 20 Electrochemistry I Voltaic cells 11 Cell notation HI Eocen on Ered IV Eocen AG and K V Eocen the Nemst equation conc i 1M VI Stoichiometry of electrolysis VII If time A Corrosion B Fuel cell C Limits of electrolysis in aqueous solution Chapter 21