Ideas of Race and Identity
Ideas of Race and Identity IAH 207
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This 30 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maryah Fox on Tuesday January 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to IAH 207 at Michigan State University taught by Lambert in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 679 views. For similar materials see IAH 207:Ideas of Race and Identity in Social Sciences at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 01/20/15
IAH 207 Ideas of Race and Identity January 14th 2015 Lecture 1 Notes What is Race gt What is race o Is race a biolodical construct or is it a social construct Many scientists declare that due to the fact that race is just categories that people insert everyone in in order to feel in control with what they know Historically there is no necessity to categorizing people based on their race but rather hierarchically in terms of inequality lf naturalizing this claims it39s biological and the white folks aren39t doing anything wrong ex if most are working inside a prison rather than inside the cell or hiring in rather than ring out this would have nothing to do with oppression or social inequality This would just be nature s way saying whites are better at capitalism or life All justi cations of this are incorrect because science cannot teach race due to it not being a scienti c matter gt What de nes race 0 Are genetic variations what cause different races Stevenj Cool said quotunder the skin we re the same The differences that we note are genetic differences that we notequot This refers to things like shape of eyes hair color and skin complexion They are all extraordinary arti cial differences because they don39t make any difference Ex a girl with longer hair is dumber than a girl with short hair Those types of things don39t really show the truth in difference An example of genetic differences can occur when looking at two random penguins and seeing that their genes vary as much as two humans would Meaning NO two living creatures are genetically the same Another Example is two fruit ies are as genetically different as a human is to a chimpanzee this shows the extreme differences because we know humans are not chimpanzees Scientists repeat that race has nothing to do with science because of these reasons gt Is race REAL Race is NOT real It is only a social creation construct Think like this if humans didn39t exist then money and electrons would not exist because humans make these things or discovered these things Since there are humans societies do exist and money exists even if humans didn39t exist and after humans die It is objective because of humans Race is relative to humans not to animals Race controls where people live education given jobs and how they live Cannot control if race exists to one human being and not to another It is everywhere whether we want it to be or not It is not necessary or inevitable or a matter of opinion gt Does skin color say who may be more closely related to who Genetically there is no way that you could only be like another person of your color that is not how oenetics work Students found out thev were more like peoole they hadn39t expected to even come close to being similar to The assumptions were wrong No two people can have the same amount of similarities to places as another person might Something that separates every person from being alike is a single genotid This shows the assumptions based on race as being biological could not be true Example If someone doesn39t meet the stereotype of a race then people say it39s not right they must be that race although things like attitude way they speak or how they dress show otherwise gt What are the racial assumptions if not oivino blacks prooer treatment when sick they will eventually die off In the 195039s penicillin was created for syphilis treatment yet they only did research on white and assumed that blacks could not take the same treatment believing that it wouldn39t work on them like it would on whites and refused to try to nd a treatment for them through research This makes absolutely no sense because they are the same This came about as more of a racist situation than anything quotPerhaps disease will accomplish what mankind has not been able to accomplishquot by a medical researcher This means that whites want to kill off blacks but won39t because they are Christian but still hoping it will happen Biologically there is something different and un t from nonwhites that they will die off They set up sterilizations for blacks to make sure that whites were still the dominating population in order to keep their This assumption had in uenced Hitler in his rampage against the Jewish community as well It is also eluded in The Great WIN white Indian and Negro gt Keep in mind Overview IAH 207 Ideas of Race and Identity January 2153 2015 Lecture 2 Pudd39nhead Wilson gt Racial Identity Mark Twain deve0ps an entire theorv of racial identitv racial formation and racial socialization even though he already had understood how to do this gt Storyline The beginning of Pudd39nhead Wilson presents how people realize if white black etc showing how one becomes that race When Chambers nds out he is actually Tom and is no longer allowed to socialize with the blacks who he grew up with because of what the whites he now is classi ed with Tom who is really Chambers once he is found guilty of killing the judge is no longer sentenced to jail time but sold as a slave to pay off debts on the estate Once Chambers the real Tom experienced racism and saw how bad of people they are that he doesn39t like white people or want to be like them at all He wants to continue to identify as black but is forced into being white There are certain criteria in order to t to whiteness In this novel it is 1894 two years before the Plessey Vs Ferguson case The rst chapter developed the theory of categorizing people based on how others feel They call him Pudd39nhead because he said he wanted to only own half a dog and kill his half that would kill the whole dog This relates to the Biblical story of King Solomon and the baby This book captured very well the white supremacy all around The story takes place in Missouri and contains some key characters such as ludge Driscoll Roxy Tom Chambers David Wilson Percy Driscoll and Colonel Essex Judge Driscoll Percy Driscoll and Colonel Essex come from the rst family of Virginia which means they contain money Tom is Percy Driscoll39s son who Roxy takes care of gt The Switch 0 Having one mother of two babies to decide ifjustice should be served or switched Since both boys look so much alike the switch was easy enough only to have to switch their clothes and the boys grow up as Chambers as Tom and Tom as Chambers 7 D 3 9 3 D m m o 3 m o X lt 9 o fI39 339 m a O39 D n m c m D D m 1 T 0 3 U D n lt m 2 0 his other three slaves for stealing from him and before they confessed he threatened to sell them down river Roxy didn39t confess because she didn39t steal it this time but had before she became very enveloped in the Methodist church She also felt like she wouldn39t be sold because then Percy would have to take care of the babies himself gt Growing up switched Tom treats Chambers horrible although he does everything for him M H 7 D 3 n 7 m 3 039 D U U m lt D o 639 3 h 0 3 h m 7 D 0 0 E g 3 LC 7 D U Fl 9 039 039 D 0 him because the other kids made fun of him for being indebted f39l39 o m E m n 7 E m lt D 339 U E m U 7 c 3 a Cquot 3 LO Q 3 o 3 o f39l39 5 E D 0 Because the Whites created the system of categorizing based on look she felt one white deserved to see how it was gt Smart Printing 0 Pudd39nhead Wilson picked up the hobbv as collectino evervone in town39s ngerprints and keeping track of them at soeci c aoes This helped out a lot at the end and nobody made fun of him any more for it For the trial of the Italians he looks at Tom39s ngerprints to see that he isn39t who he said he is and grew up as and Wilson was the only one to gure it out It was a major deception and things were switched back to how it was suppose to be gt Categorizing Race 0 Whiteness is a social identity not much thouoht about as a cateoorv bv whites Yet they control what others classifv as This is only a social construct though just a driver license number Picks up that race is real as a social construct The whites control who is seen as white and they have the power to categorize anyone and everyone into what they beHeve An example lrish at rst were not considered white but lrish as their own separate group Especially with having a different type of faith which made them say things they didn t believe in slavery This made them not be considered white To become white one must become antiblack or racist Ex two twins were born one white and one black The black kid claimed himself as black and the white kid claimed he was white without saying he had a black brother When the other kids found out the kid who was white had a black brother they harassed him because of the fear that he could pass as something that he wanted How someone acts is not based upon how they grow up but how they truly are gt Keep in mind Overview IAH 207 Ideas of Race and Identity February 2nd 2015 Lecture 4 Non Cartesian Sums M gt What is Ontology Ontology relates to epistemology Epistem means knowledge in latin Ology means study of What can we know how do we know what we know what are the conditions on what we know how can we justify or claim to know something This is the study of epistemology What can we know about social reality how can we gain knowledge of a particular society Are there certain stand points or certain perspectives in reality that gives us a more accurate perspective on the reality of our norms justice or rules Is there a perspective that gives us a clear view of our nature institutions These types of people may never have realized ifjustice does particularly prevail in this type of society If you are internal to that society and see it from a particular stand point what you will see is what best characterizes that society is injustice This is because from one perspective your view is distorted so in fact you have a hazy understanding of the reality of that society We may say one thing United States land of freedom and equality but it could be false because of hidden things Could say women are treated equal yet get paid less these are deceiving Mills and Frye develop standpoint epistemology Example in a white supremacist society non whites have a better understanding of our social reality than the whites Or in a racist society the ones who are treated unfairly have a better understanding than the dominant race If you are a member of a dominant group white person you can ignore the reality of racism or inequality or the various advantages you receive because of being white and you can ignore the various disadvantages that non whites blacks have to face Everything is always comes easier to you as a white For others they may not have anything that comes easy for them Another Example what if someone39s entire existence was based on having snow plows and service personnel to take care of the sidewalks roads and driveway so that they can arrive on time to campus without any hassle as opposed to someone who goes out to see nothing is plowed and they must do it all themselves with a lot of hassle They are tired distracted life will be frustrating because others take for granted the work of plowing the streets These people don39t know why the one who does all the work would complain because they aren39t there to see it because it is already done for them This is equal to a white supremacist society because although the roads are plowed you don39t see it so you don39t consider it Whereas if you are a racial minority you have to shovel yourself and know that people have to shovel and put in work The idea that the oppressed knows the oppressor epistemology The oppressed racial minority knows the oppressor dominant group more than the oppressor knows the oppressed The oppressed understand the nature of social reality better than the oppressor knows of social reality because the oppressor can ignore them Frye shows that this is white privilege since they can ignore this where others simply cannot If you can39t ignore these things then you are paying attention for survival purposes They have to work harder to get ahead and have to pay more attention in order to get ahead They don39t have the social power as the oppressed to do much about knowing more about the oppressors but this is needed to know This theory also is borrowed from feminist theory Women understand men and their nature of society more than men understand women and their nature of society Because men can ignore it Both racism theory and feminist theory are derivative from the Marksism theory Developed from Marks he said quotthe working class understands the social reality better than the capitalists because they are the ones who make things happen and ones who can39t take things for grantedquot Their life relies on going to work on time and doing as supposed to With ontology what do we mean by cause An extremely high correlation Mills uses social ontology which is related to what do we mean by race or racial identity What is something called quotwhitenessquot If you feel itchy is it because you39re white or am I being picked on because I am white Should I feel guilty for being white If we think about the concepts of being white or black as historical categories or identities that becomes an ontological question Same with gender or types masculine feminine By viewing yourself as an individual but viewing someone else as a race White crimes relate back to something bad that happened to the child Black crimes are related to what they do and like This shows that black crimes are shown worse than whites because the whites get excuses Although whites commit more violent crimes than blacks and same with drugs A woman is seen as a group and a man as an individual Example when Obama Hillary and McCain were running for president it was said blacks would vote for Obama women for Hillary and white men for McCain This is all an ontological assumptions based on racegender Mis says if we take seriously African American philosophy we need to see that all assumptions about black people are wrong and those along with women should be seen as individuals gt Against Racism o This word doesn t prooerlv describe white supremacv Saying that you have black friends so you aren39t racist and your friends aren39t either because they don39t hate them but then looping back saying but I know this black guy is racist against Asians and etc see everyone is racist Trying to say whites aren39t racist Racism goes back to the days of slavery and that s why it still exists although that was over two hundred years ago This is only an assumption that affects many things such as business The things used to be said to justify slavery is now used to justify racism today This is a culturalstructural issue The fact that for decades there was a practice of redlining people declaring wealth shows how wrong it is gt Non Cartesian Sums Cogito ergo Sums Sum is a latin term meaning lam or I exist Cartesian is from De Carte Renee DeCarte quotI think therefore I amquot cogito ergo Sum Mills tries to show that what it means to be a rational individual presupposes the normitivity white privilege white supremacy In the western world it cannot capture this with non whites or women Why are there so few African Americans who enter into philosophy The conclusion is that philosophy has only re ected the interests as white and talking about themselves It is racial exclusionary in a speci c way What is the idea ofjustice question in philosophy They will discuss everything but slavery as a philosophical re ection without asking the contradiction between all the Europeans for achieving a representative society Everyone is proud of themselves but won t talk about slavery or white supremacy It was if it was so rationally assumed that it had no need to be even remarked on They depended on the slavery for their wealth yet never speak of it like it wasn t a reality or even an essential which is showing denial Aristotle also had said that women are only better than children but nowhere near men due to not being rational Manual labors also weren39t allowed to be political because they didn39t grow that way Two people who actually did address the raceslavery problem Thoreau and Emerson which re ected in their works along with Twain criticizing this By ignoring the slavery philosophy falsi es our actual history Mills wants to illustrate this by re ecting on DeCarte with his title Mills suggests that presume moral or political theory begins with showing the inequality in race Democracy is much like talking about one white knowing another white If automatically assume everyone is equal then you are systematically excluding other races or gender You must start with reality gt Everyone is a person 0 As humans we have moral oblioations resbect other human persons All persons are assumed as persons Throughout history it has never extended to those of color They are a Subperson who is seen as human in some aspects but not in others and cannot be respected They are not classi ed fully a person Racists don39t see themselves for being a bad person along with sexists They are able to convince themselves that they give the respect to this in which are owed They may live or grown up in a place with subpersons they don39t see they are doing anything wrong Richard wright the ethics ofJim Crow described if something was a norm then you could never be in debt to someone especially a black Example A black delivery guy is in an elevator in the south where you are supposed to take your hat off once inside but his hands are full so when two white people walk into the elevator with him and see that his hat is on reached over and took of the blacks hat The black didn39t know what to do because acknowledging is needed but saying thank you shows the white would be in his debt This was quite a dilemma gt Hyperbolic doubt This is skeptism and problem of other minds This is made by Descarte He claims he doesn39t know if something is really happening Says there were times when he was awake he thought he was dreaming and times when he was dreaming he actually believed he was awake I How do you know there exists an external world This is how he is able to doubt these things The only thing to know is his knowledge and that will help him recover all his other doubts Only one person can know about themselves no other knows that person gt Experience of an African American in the world Thev do not doubt their existence as an invisible man Much like you are not mad youre just emotional It de nes another person39s reality and brings them down Social reality is very different based on race and gender This is much like the movie The Matrix IAH 207 Ideas of Race and Identity January 26th 2015 Lecture 3 On Being White gt Under the skin we are all the same Does societv mean that we are all white underneath or Hisoanic underneath what does this really mean The assumption is that white experience is the normal expe ence Marilyn Frye is trying to show that this assumption is the wrong assumption Marilyn Frye mentioned in her paper that she accidentally offended her Iatina friend by saying she was white She was asked why she had assumed she was white Her friend saw this as ambiguous that a white person had classi ed her white This is considered a racist assumption even if not meant to be Just based on what they look like and don39t want to offend them First assumption is thinking nobody would be offended by being considered white If you mistakenly say they are black or Arabic or etc that they aren39t they also get offended and call it racism In the fourth paragraph it justi es that it is okay to be angry with these sorts of things Sometimes it is unjusti ed or ignorant or morally appropriate Women also face this for a lifetime They aren39t able to walk into a room without having to claim who they are and deem respect as the authority whereas a man can walk in and not say anything and everyone automatically respects him A white man is the most dominant group Frye says they will form a group to address the problem because she felt it was the right thing for her to do except then the black feminist was mad because she didn39t choose who was in it and how they would decide Frye was upset by this because she didn39t know what to do then She was rst confused then gets angry about the black woman being angry She felt she was doing what she needed to but remembered she was a feminist and remembered what she used to be told This is like telling a girl quotyou aren39t mad youre just emotionalquot The man thinks he can tell the woman what she is feeling and she has no control Frye felt like she had done to her what the man did to the woman She didn39t want to be the white woman who told a black woman how to feel and react She thought maybe she had been exercising her white thoughts Frye sees that the social relationship may make her good hearted intentions mean something else to someone else or to the public What would it mean for a white person to do the right thing given white supremacy h White people get mad over things that they can39t control black character in a movie who is meant to be white Whites have more options with anything in life just like ignoring racism in its very existence Or people who try to play off being racist by saying it meant something else Blacks are not able to avoid the racism being deemed as more criminals or dangerous to others This also can happen with interviews Women have to be extra careful so they won39t be sexually assaulted and take extra precautions White men don39t have to worry about either or gt To be white is to be human and then there is blackness In the video scientists measured everv part of the black bodv trvind to nd something that was different than whites This was in order to describe the problem of blackness Power relationships are demonstrated with blackness and women Example A bar tender was being hit on by these guys yet she didn39t say anything that she felt like saying because she would get in trouble and when she didn39t respond he said quotit must be that time of the monthquot and him and his buddies laugh but she still couldn39t say anything Someone saying I m not racist yet make jokes claiming they are justjoking Problem with whiteness class in Arizona is being made a big deal by whites solely because of the title yet the title isn39t anything bad when it comes to what they actually discuss in class It is taught by a white professor and should have been named something else in order to avoid the controversy Two of these words are ambiguous problem and whiteness This class could turn around the view everyone has on white people and for once not make it as if it is only the blacks fault Example Instead of telling women what to do in order to minimize rape how about we speak to men about it as well and tell them not to and learn the concept of consent Frye had already known years ago that she needed to nd out what whiteness was and how it was looked at as It39s a problem because it draws our curiosity and we want to learn what it is Blacks have a very hard time getting into any high type of leader role because whites are scared of dominance Women get more than blacks even Who really has the power to discriminate people Blacks say that whites can39t jump or dance just like we say they are all criminals This class is not saying that whites have a problem but discussing what it is and white supremacy of history gt Racism and Racist is better said as White Supremacy Frve explains that the US has and still is based on white supremacv and whiteness is a form of power relation IAH 207 Ideas of Race and Identity February 4th 2015 Lecture 4 Non Cartesian Sums Pa rt Two gt Freedom Rides In May 4th 1961 a group of thirteen African Americans launched a series of bus rides to the American south in order to protest segregation They departed from Washington DC to the south and tried using white only places and received a lot of violence from white protestors This took tremendous courage because whites would use whatever they could to hurt the blacks like using bats to threaten them with this group was the KKK After this several more freedom riders joined in and in September 1961 segregation was prohibited in buses train station and other transportation places John Lewis and Al Sharpton are some important people who were involved in this In 1963 a majority of blacks were killed when black churches were bombed in Burningham This creates federal hate crime legislation and some were able to actually get out of this even after committing murder In 1964 we then had freedom summer that was based off of the freedom rides gt Black Philosophy This is inherideitly oppositional in a white supremacist society to have a black philosophy This is due to having a big racial group of power trying to tell others who they are and what their destiny as a black person The complete opposite of autonomy This is produced by the property of these people who are property that don39t remain silent This is much like when a guy tries telling a girl why they are feeling a certain way The girl should tell him no that s not why it39s because of something else and if they have enough self awareness then they should de ne themselves The power of disbelief is the power to challenge stereotypes racist assumptions the arrogance of a racial dominant group This is to expose white normatively and how they seem to be invisible the experiment of differences in black and white as if they need to be explained When whites think they are the normatively they believe everyone else must be explained as the problem with them That whiteness doesn39t need any explanation The only way to x this is to force the whites to see the whiteness and make them explain that Example when a heterosexual assumes that everyone is straight but if someone isn39t they need an explanation as to how they are the way they are A politician said in secondary education we shouldn39t teach slavery but ending it and all the good stuff America has done to make us look better This is trying to make it invisible as if Germany shouldn39t teach about the Holocaust yet Americans would argue that they should because of how terrible it was America has the stereotype that all are whites and as if it will make blacks look bad as well but really it only makes whites look bad The normativity is now becoming invisible Schools aren39t teaching history as well in school to the point that students remember it Along with this racism is sexism which women have been denied the vote longer than we have had the vote and this was only achieved by ghting for it which extends America and makes it great Talking about the beginning of slavery and then the end of it actually makes America look better because of the political growth and progress we have made gt Social reality is racialized This means you become your race before you are even born because of skin color neighborhood name your given or parents medical care This is not biological but social Race is like the English language without people it wouldn39t exist and we couldn39t communicate The bigger a vocabulary the better you are Example people who study owers will know it way more than those who do not only because that language is common to them Money can start wars and create crime just as much as race can Whites de ne themselves as their own individual unlike we view others The meaning of whiteness is reproduced and ever changing but any other race does not gt Individualism Whites are seen as themselves and blacks are seen all together as a group It depends on how others see you and not how you see yourself What is an individual and what is the race or gender Women are treated as nonwhites because they are seen as individuals The meaning of racial identity will always be based upon on who the dominant group is Can each individual no matter the race look at themselves as individuals but others as an entire race What about black on black crime or white on white crime The problem of black crime is black on black crime which is 93 whereas white on white crime is smaller at 83 This is very rarely talked about although it should be addressed and xed Why are they not ever discussed but a white on black crime is a major deal Most mass murderers terrorists and assaults are from white men not blacks Although we personalize it into he was black but if it39s a white person we make excuses Whites may believe that their social reality is the only reality and no one else can have a view with things Everyone39s reality is different though One may see that reasons may be different as to why blacks are killed which is not always true at all Labeling crime makes everyone look worse rather than if we combined all of them Whites seem to have unfair treatment soley because of his skin color because if a nonwhite had done what they did they would be in a lot of trouble of possibly killed gt Double consciousness What it is like to feel like an agent brother religion memberetc How does it feel to know society sees you as a problem WWB sees that others see them as problematic After thinking you are able to do something then realizing that once you try others will think why would you think you could do that Just like gays wanting a relationship but people saying it39s the closest thing to incest This can be shown in white people can39t jump and white people can39t dance this doesn39t change life chances Double consciousness is based also on social power gt Beginning to Passing Racial self identi cation has a moral aspect that people have taken an obligation to choose what part they belong to rather than their taste in what they want Frye calls this disaf liation if race truly is a social construct and can decide not to chose or label The abandonment will give more self determination and would it be the same for any race Colorblindness is self indulgent and that is not what it needs to be when disaf liating IAH 207 Ideas of Race and Identity February 9th 18t 2015 Lecture 5 Black and White Twins gt What some don39t know 0 Not onlv was Martin Luther King Ir assassinated but so was his mother ve years after he was She was also a civil rights movement activist She was shot inside of a church Both were assassinated by white people due to being a civil rights movement activist gt quotThe Problem of Whitnessquot class in Arizona Whv was the math book alwavs unhappv Because it alwavs has lots of problems This is funny because of the ambiguity of it gt Twins Just like the joke the class isn39t talking about life problems as much as problems that we already know about The class isn39t saying that white people have problems but let s think of the historical view of whiteness Nothing to get angry about This is just like the movie quotDear White Peoplequot The stereotype of blacks being the only ones with welfare when in actuality they make up 4 and whites make up 69 Usually white people think blacks and welfare are synonymous When whites talk about welfare dependents work ethics and family structure are codes for talking about blacks Whites can talk this way and say that they aren39t racist yet say they should take away welfare to hurt blacks When a white makes an assumption think about what whites are or are not saying about WHITE people Numerically more whites assume that blacks get all the welfare Just like when talking about crime whites associate these crimes with blacks as if they are the only criminals Whites never talk about the problems of white crime or white welfare 0 Two brothers one black and one white who share the same parents vet seem like they don39t James the black brother is also gay and is a nerd Daniel the white one is straight who loves sports and physical activity Mother is white from Great Britian Father is black from Jamaica They also have a daughter who looks more like the mother When the boys were three the staff at the nursery said that Daniel needed to draw himself black although he looks white He has one white and one black parent why does he not get to classify himself white The mother felt like her color was irrelevant then Just like the original Tom wants to continue to hang out with the black community but the whites wont let him When the boys are in high school Daniel gets bullied because his brother was black so other kids were angry because he tried to act white yet was also black The kids didn39t thinkJames was white but made Daniel turn black and become racist to him This was because they were mad and felt threatened that Daniel tried passing as white and not claiming to also be black In high school they mature and nd a new way to bully and this is found with the upraising and teachings of their parents The mom tries to play into claiming her white son to be white rather than let her son choose how he wants to classify The kids made fun of the white straight kid more than the black gay person and this is quite interesting based on what we know happens to gay kids as well as blacks Kids who know that they have one black and one white would assume that both kids would be mixed but it39s being assumed that race is essentially biological gt Social Issues 0 If something is created by a human being we can then take them away Just like how we color code people it is all social and is ever changing Why call Barack Obama our rst black president when he has a black and white parent Most likely because knowing they have one black parent seems to just follow into them As a white person we call him black to show that we aren39t racist anymore because we have beat history and elected a black What if he classi ed himself white though Whites would be angry White supremacy is contingent in the United States and say that by 2050 that whites will be the minorities because the minorities are now reproducing quicker than whites It is possible that people ip op positions Slave owners didn39t become this way because they were more educated or Christian but because they were violent with guns A white millionaire would have more in common with an Arabic millionaire rather than a poor white just because they are more alike There is no neat obvious answer to why people are treated the way they are There is a white veil that causes them to have the privilege to choose to x things or close their eyes Every race should know the ne line between what they are and who they are allowed to claim to be Race isn39t about appearance or about biology That39s how people decide what race they are even when they don39t know the biology This relates to the one drop rule that is only for blacks and not reversed This shows truly how unstable race is in society Race is about heritage and blood gt Nella Larsen and Passing 0 She was biracial because of her parents Nella had a white dutch parent and a west indes parent Clare the main character in Passing is also biracial and is a mix of black and white yet looks white so she passes as white for over a decade When people saw her they believed that she was white The drama of the novel is to nd out how and why she passes Is there something screwed up in her past Has she internalized the negativity of blacks and wants nothing to do with it At least 10000 blacks every year passed as white in the 192039s This shows that color of race is false in how they are perceived and treated gt Pre and Post World War two 0 Those who won39t give up the idea of iewishness are much like those who won39t give up the idea of race Never thought of but some may not want to give up themselves being black Blacks can39t disaf liate from being black as well as white people cant Years before people had lynched blacks although they were supposedly good Christian people They would mutilate people and set them on re even America needs a reality check on their history just because you go to church doesn39t make you a good person There were 5000 lynching within 5070 years in America and 20 of those lynched were white people that were lynched by other whites It was because they were helping blacks or in relationships with blacks Racism can hurt even those in powerjust like sexism can hurt men too White trash was signi ed as black at these times IAH 207 Race and Identity Lecture Samuel Ljackson Video gt Samuel L Jackson confused for Lawerence Fishburne and his reaction 0 Feel that his reaction of freaking out on the guy and calling him out for being racist was necessary He didn39t let it go so people would understand why what was said was wrong although the news man wanted to move on from it obviously embarrassed Was it right for Samuel Ljackson not to let it go It looked bad that the entertainment reporter was the one who got it wrong when he should know who people are especially when he invited him on the show That39s like saying all white people look alike so why learn names Could have been a simple mistake but because of his job he should have known who is who along with they don39t look anything alike He could have asked it in question form rather than say it as a fact The reporter didn39t mean to be racist or even hurt feelings Is it okay that he did it unintentionally Why should this be used as an excuse What if it happened to someone else What if the people were jhonny Depp and Brad Pitt Is that parallel Samuel Ljackson took offense because a he is a famous person b he is black and there are many other famous black people c he needs to be recognized Would his reaction been the same if a reporter from another country did it Selena Gomez and Miley Cyrus had once been confused as well Let s not suppose the America isn39t racist Did the reporter just not do his homework and see what they were in a just assumed or did he really not know who he was talking to In this society white people are individualized and nonwhites are all the same person If a professor confuses two people that relate similarly then he must assume they are the same It wasn t so much that he confused them for being older black guys but for presuming that he was someone he wasn t Who was in the wrong Samuel L Jackson felt that he had nally had the opportunity to say what he felt to not just one but thousands of people so that it would stop This frustration was built up from prior events Samuel Ljackson starred in Robocop and not in a super bowl commercial The news reporter felt awful about what happened and he knew that Samuel Ljackson had a reason to get angry The guy understood that it was embarrassing and felt uncomfortable Although the news guy was wrong to assume this he still felt bad and knew that he was in the wrong It was a good thing forjackson to play on the issue so that way it was said and done This relates to Marilyn Frye s you39re not mad theory He is just very blunt and rude but that39s who he is He isn39t crazy Anger is used when it is justi ed and in this case it was justi able Sometimes people need to take a step back and see the view from the other person to see if their anger really can be justi ed People don39t like being called out on things that they do Sometimes people need to be called out in order for them and others to change how they are and act IAH 207 Idea of Race and Identity What has served as a dominant masculine ideal since 1820 s Being a selfmade man Men express their anger by scapegoating which is a problem why It diverts white men s attention from economic insecurity Melissa Harris Perry uses this term to describe black women Sapphire What is the novel from the Harlem Renissance Their Eyes Were Watching God There s a parallel between Their Eyes Were Watching God and what event in the US 2007 Subprime mortgage crisis and recession Frank Zappa used this to say sometimes he wished he weren t white Disa iliation What is the Title of Ellison s book The Invisible Man Charles Mills argued racialized skepticism describes black experience in the US False Marilyn Frye believes blacks know whites better than whites know blacks True The policing of whiteness and deciding if someone is truly white by the what One Drop Rule What s Michael Kimmel s concept of aggrieved entitlement The sense that one s country and sense of self are being taken away Mass incarceration is best seen as A race making institution Melissa Harris Perry develops the crooked room to illustrate what The concept of misrecognition What word describes those survivors from hurricane Katrina Refugees Michelle Obama doesn t resist this stereotype of black woman Sapphire This ruling of concept of recognition was given to what famous supreme court case Brown v Board of Education Michelle Harris Perry critizes why can t a successful black woman find a man because It is assumed that the main goal of women is marriage What were the violent ritualized public spectacle in the US to blacks called Lynchings James Baldwin goes to Chicago to see who Elijah Muhammad Who said the problem of the 20th century is the problem of the color line WED Du Bois What legal document prospered due to Plessy V Ferguson Subpersonhood What claim was supposedly the inevitable fate of the black race Extinction Convict leasing cost more to maintain than slavery did False Contraband is more likely found with whites than blacks True What year did convict leasing end 1940 s ww2 What is the crime of not providing proof of employment on demand Vagrancy Poll Taxes and literacy taxes prevented blacks and some whites from voting True Only blacks were sent to workcamps and whites stayed in jail False These illustrate concept of intersectionality Sexism feminism and heteroism How many US assassinations have been committed by nonwhites 0 Michael Kimmel speaks about what in Angry White Men Middle and lower middle class white men Which social group is the most historically revolutionary Class with all power What does everreceding frontier mean A racialized utopia What concept is aggrieved entitlement The sense of being wronged What s the key ingredient of the American Dream Attaining economic stability Read overview on books and watch the videos he recommended IAH 207 Ideas of Race and Identity March 2nd2015 Lecture 8 Concentration camps were rst just work camps much like slavery and like the book slavery by another name which is self explanatory Angry because of the unfair justice that whites seem to have compared to blacks They never receive punishment It would be fair to say that the punishment of whipping is better categorized as torture Another punishment would be classi ed drowning during water boarding because you are suffocating someone but not to the point of death You can read history and understand how the current time has been shaped by this and still affects us today with individuals The economic relationships had been based upon slave owning and has been carried over even after slavery was banned It was then classi ed convict leasing and history doesn39t stop In the past they wanted people in the jails in order to make money but now today we don39t want them in jail because it costs others rather than the criminals This is different but not entirely Not so surprised though by this based on our past Of cially convict leasing was color blind which meant that sometimes whites would also get caught up on this Someone who decided to go travel yet didn39t have a job and was found in Florida who was arrested for not having a job and had to work This guy was beaten to death by the owner The company lied to the parents at rst until they hired a PI and now the company got in trouble This was only because it was a white family that things were done about it How many had been killed and lied about that were black There were better records made when slavery was legal because of the trading yet convict leasing had to be hidden so very little documentation was kept Slaves were more valuable than these others Prisoners were cheaper to get than slaves had been so they were treated much worse Nobody would ght the contracts because they knew what would happen Power points Types of criminals we are talking about Some convict laborers didn39t have arrest records They may not have committed a crime or had their sentence done Many were young Uneducated or lawabiding expect for a petty crime like swearing in front of a woman Institutionalized or normalized Much like temp work or temporary work agencies Convict leasing is normal Wealthy powerful gures involved In 1903 us DOJ begins investigating allegations of slavery but these are unsuccessful Yet some of the public gures are involved and the wealthy businessmen These were people of police judges mayors and even a member to the Georgia House of Representatives Bearing false witness against blacks quotblacks are lazyquot quotblacks have no work ethicquot How can this be proven and how is this the truth when whites left blacks out to prevent opportunities Criminal black man DWBdriving while black WWB walking while black BPWB being poor while being black This was done for more than a century until it it normalized Whites are lawabiding citizens who respect law and order and white crime is individualized bad apples Arrest a lot of blacks and see that crime rates go up and media amplify the criminals Slanders go back to the days of chattel slavery How do these lies become normalized Devaluation of black citizens Convict laborers were more disposable than chattel slaves
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