Children, Youth, and Family
Children, Youth, and Family HDFS 212: Chidren, Youth, and Family
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HDFS 212: Chidren, Youth, and Family
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maryah Fox on Tuesday January 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 212: Chidren, Youth, and Family at Michigan State University taught by Lavelle Gipson-Tansil in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 316 views. For similar materials see HDFS 212: Children, Youth, and Family in Human Development at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 01/20/15
HDFS 212 Child Youth and Family January 2153 2015 Lecture 1Human Ecological Svstems gtAs society progresses What are some things that have changed in our societv due to history gt A child 0 Age ranges Airport security has become more intense with things like having to take off shoes and everything from pockets and if the warning still goes off then they must use the wand to check again As catastrophes happen we humans have problems not generalizing people and understanding things Where we are there are a lot of diversity due to the amounts of immigrants that come here There are many ways that we need to recognize that can happen that will later impact our lives forever When raised in a particular time and space from others it is more concerning for their parents due to their differences Because of environmental issues and how children are fed leads to an earlier start to puberty more and more now When transitioning to college it is harder because maybe back at your old school you had been one of the best but once you add many people much like you to the university then you aren39t like you were back home The fewer transitions a child has the higher their self esteem will be gt Brofenbrenner39s Theory lnitiallv created this svstem of ecolodical science of relationships The environment affects the child very much so As the environment changes and grows children do too in order to adapt and this gives them a higher success in manipulating their society This impact has affect on the family community and general society Based on what type of time someone grows up controls how they feel later on in life Example those who were in the Great Depression did not trust banks and stored their money around the house instead Things are constantly changing due to inevitability no longer having your room as your room at home This was what Brofenbrenner39s entire theory was based 0 3 1n m Friend s and elg39hgm rs EEE E39EI39FEH Figure 1 Brnnfenbrenneris eclngical systems theory in eriit Rubens 1am pa 2 Dynamic system perspective gt Underlying values 0 Not everyone can have these things Sustainability is not around in poverty and survival is harder Sold into slavery or in war areas is more economical and political How someone experiences the world is based on economic and place Some people in our country don39t have justice or freedom All these are based on where someone is at in the world Access to resources is also what shows who needs to attend to others gt Brofenbrenner39s Theory extended MS Sontao and Maroaret Bubolz used Brofenbrenner39s theorv to show family There are body differences based on location of where they are at Floridafit Michigan thicker These two scientists added these important characteristics that explain more about a child Environment and physical biological environments largely impact one another In order to succeed as a teacher or nurse one must see the environment in which is around them at three different times a week in order to really see what it is like One thing that is constantly occurring is mixing the cultures and their environments Biological economic and psychosocial and nurturance are all very important along with this gt HumanFamily Eco system c This contains gt Future Classes We are unable to understand and know the needs of everyone from generation to generation One parent usually has control over situations and decisions The quality of life is relates to what poverty39s de nition three times the cost of sustainability of life The quality of life is many things that make up what life is in order to be good freedom education money family happiness s each generation a group or each individual People are interdependent on resources and have a balance between cooperationintegration of the ecosystem and with demons of individual for freedomautonomy We will be focusing on Infancy to adulthood To understand what happens in middle childhood we have to see what happened in early childhood To understand adulthood we must understand adolescence Based on what happens to a toddler environmentally we see what the toddler will be like in adolescence During these two times there is a disconnection between the child and person in charge Lecture March 23rd2015 Notes The teenage brain and how it is formed throughout puberty In adolescence children make choices for themselves Each state has different ages of consent regarding making choices about sexual activity Children should be taught the ages of consent along with other types of laws they should know Adolescence have a poor choice in foods stay up late have bad sleep and eating patterns Children begin to see more of what peers do rather than what parents say Adolescence children try diets and other different things because they have more information Those who don39t have the info or options have a worse nutrition than others Young kids need to be healthy to help the elderly Most kids lose weight in healthy ways yet most girls place themselves in bad diets that are harmful 80 of guys said they never tried to lose weight Girls who go through period later on are seen as more lively and attractive Anorexia and bilemia are two major things girls turn to 1 of females from 1218 are anorexic and 15 are bulimic and 20 are engaged in less extreme unhealthy diets Some risk factors low selfesteem abuse early periods and perfectionism Daughters of moms with eating disorders are more likely to adapt an eating disorder as well Dieting is more seen in Hispanics and less in blacks and white girls are more apt to have an eating disorder Some protecting factors consist of who we got our information from The images out in the world are what shows girls what to be Yet they don39t realize there is a lot of different kind of beauty Protecting them from abuse and having positive images also helps Obestiry is above 20 the aberage weright 15 of adults meet this criteria Obesity has multiple causes Increased injuries during adolescence car accidentsacohol no seat belts guns and sportsmore than 13 of the north 40 of deaths between 15 and 19 are car accidents Sex education Children learn sex through Parents peers school and media Sexologists like Wilhelm reich inspired sex ed Sex ed delays sexual experimentation A majority of parents don39t discuss sex with children Sexual orientation and sexual identity shifts overtime with wider views of community Is it biological or environmental Factors that reduce sexual activity sex ed good parentchild relationships religious attitudesocus of control academic aspirations and sports participation 1976 passed the rst law that schools can teach sex ed Parents are able to opt their child out of this class Over half of high schoolers are engaged in sex and 19 had more than 4 partners of those only 41 used a condom 14 of teenagers have an std They are the fastest growing risk groups for HIV HDFS Study Guide Depressions dysthymia less severe depression but lasts longer than others Adjustment Disorder depressed mood brought on by stress but is brief Major Depressive Disorder MDD severe periods of depression lasts siX to nine monts can t concentrate loss of pleasure slow movements or speech sleepiness Low P ervasi V 1ges self e Hope Help less less Suicide Rates among adolescents in 1995 was 24 thought about it but 18 had planned it this continues to increase Suicide is 14 of all deaths from ages 15 19 and every 90 mins a suicide is committed Can be prevented with meds therapy The ethnic differences in onset and rates of suicide are that native Americans have the highest rate with black females at 2nd highest followed by black males at third highest Why are so many kids on the fringe Kids feel that they don t fit in and try to find people to fit in with they feel lonely and become vulnerable to high risk behavior because of this Usually Geeks nonathletic poorfragile loners have low academics and are found unattractive by others Runaways are kids that have con ict with family low self esteem depression poor interpersonal skills insecurity anxiousness impulsiveness and have little control over life Differences between early onset in middle childhood and late onset in teen delinquency is that early has biological risk factors and rearing practices where teens do it because of peer in uence commit theft burglary vandalism violate laws and engage in drugs Teens avoid the seX talk with parents because parents feel ill equipped teens are uncomfortable and teens suspect parents are trying to pry into private life Half of all High school students have seX 8 before the age of thirteen and 36 more currently 19 of males have had 4 or more partners where only 13 of females have had 4 or more 58 use condoms with the males more likely to use them and 20 of females are on birth control 88 say it s important to use birth control every time they have seX 49 males and 42 females say a reason not to use it is because the partner doesn t want to Girls have a higher rate of bringing up diseases and condoms than guys 66 females and 69 males say that males make the first move usually and 62 females and 63 males say the relationship progression is equally decided Of pregnant teens 40 45 get an abortion of the 6 who get pregnant These rates are declining though Parents in uence the informal social contacts of kids choose appropriate neighborhood and schools teach differences in people which later in uence how kids chose their partner based on if they look the same as them and are in the group their parents created Mother child connectedness is related to when their child has seX If mother would be disapproving child is more likely to hold off from doing anything Gender form an identity whether more feminine or masculine Anatomy all are either female or male the anatomy is responsible for gender because of hormones Sexual Orientation have powerful affinity and emotional attractions towards others The three vocational development phases and Ginzberg s phases of development are the same with 1 Fantasy period in early and middle childhood with fantasizing careers 2 Tentative period from 11 16 and they evaluate interestsabilitiesvalues 3 Realistic period late adolescents to adulthood when they explore career and crystallize categories Careers that are left brain oriented plannerslawyers editors technologists writers bookkeepers critics management scientists administrators doctors authors tax experts and researchers Right brain oriented careers policy makers artists poets sculptors politicians playwrights musicians philosophers architects clowns cartoonists entrepreneurs and dancers Holland s personality theory investigative social realistic artistic conventional and enterprising Super self concept theory 1 Crystallization 2 Specification 3 Implementation 4 Stabilization 5 Consolidation Resilience refers to having a good outcome despite threats to healthy development can be promoting competence and strengthening assets Parenting styles that are stronger creates higher resilience in children due to pushing them to have things like high academics and not engage in certain things Resilience and emotional intelligence are more amendable to change and involve the ability to cope with stress Religion with resilience gives a sense of meaning and is a major pathway through violent youth to find way to a good future with religious practices being important in developing a sense of meaning in youth Resilience involves a functional development grounded with in communities Adults need to offer relationships resources and commitment to provide the right support and development experiences that make a resilient youth 1 Stable relationship with one adult 2 Religion anchors 3 High academic expectations 4positive family environment 5 Emotional intelligence are all keys to resilience Characteristics of adolescents who are employed are those who struggle with time for good leisure school and volunteer activites spend less time doing homework more likely to go to school tired and unprepared than others become more attracted to parties alcohol drugs cruising in cars due to availability positively associated with delinquency substance abuse and sexual activity These kids admit to episodic drinking as well Communities that have the highest risk of initiating risk behavior are those with low SES families and neighborhoods and are more likely to be arrested The strategies of community co operation to help this is local services for all with health education social and justice services religion media and other people Both SES and neighborhood stability affect development because those with high SES have a higher academic level and negatively associated with drop outs Neighborhood stability is linked to higher rates of substance abuse in teens based on area Youth are seen in media as engaged in delinquency and risk taking when really 35 of teens are involved in service to communities in a positive way from ages 12 17 Ways to think positively about youth from an adults standpoint is to understand the challenges of dealing with teens but it may be less related to teens difficulties but the inability for teen to think and question for themselves rather than follow rules Know the strengths and attributes of teens and remember that new generations are dealing with new things and the development is affected by this these things consist of new music clothing dancing and expectations Guns and firearms are highly associated with the deaths in school 16 kids each day are killed by guns and 77 of school violent deaths are caused by guns Young kids who witness seeing fire arm violence are forever traumatized
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