Drugs and Society
Drugs and Society BIO 1033
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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Uriel Harvey on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIO 1033 at University of Texas at San Antonio taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see /class/231363/bio-1033-university-of-texas-at-san-antonio in Biology at University of Texas at San Antonio.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
TIIHN GEEWEBYKEJQEH i f i gafsnuE uIss u may Whamsem THIN Judicial Policymaking Courts can apply policymaking power of the courts as they comply with the Constitution through Interpretation Application Judicial Review Power of the judicial branch to declare unconstitutional the actions ofthe other two branches or their individual units THIN Judicial Policymaking The Role of Courts and Judges There is controversy over the leeway that courts should have in exercising their rights of constitutional interpretation Strict construction holds that the document should be interpreted narrowly Judicial restraint Loose construction holds that the Constitution can be interpreted broadly Judicial activism THIN Political History of the Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall Marbury v Madison 1803 McCulloch v Maryland 1819 Chief Justice Roger Taney Dred Scott v Sandford 1857 Plessy v Ferguson 1896 Chief Justice Earl Warren Brown v Board of Education 1954 Chief Justice Warren Burger Roe v Wade 1973 The US Federal Courts US Supreme Eun U5 CHINE nf Appeals 5 Enurl nf IML District 115 Euurft nf lntematiuna Trade mum Claims Copyright 201 1 2010 Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved 11IIN The Lower Federal Courts District Courts Trial court level 95 US district courts with judges appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate Original jurisdiction Includes both civil and criminal cases Criminal case Legal dispute dealing with an alleged violation of a penal law Civil case Conflict between two parties PERCENYAGE 5 CUNTON BUSH Planient Ohama rm appmmed 3 mm peltemage unwmm and mmnw 15me 11ng man any mum m n SWFaizmludmenrswvw ngav FederalJudicial Appointees I male I Nauruhim uEAMA39 Enn rmsd as M av mm chk mnauMAmbs Sandra Day D39Cunnm me menulgsupmne mm 1 an m numlnaied w human Reagan um 2mm Peavsun Educauun mo AH Hamsvesewed THIN The Lower Federal Courts US Circuit Courts of Appeal Primary intermediatelevel appellate courts 13 courts of appeal r Courts of appeal have i only appellatejurisdiction W h Hearing cases in panels of three judges White House generally takes more care with nominations to the courts of appeal than it does with 39 t 39 c r s 39 should be periodically subject to reappointment or serve limited terms Why or why not 11IIN The US Supreme Court Highest court in the country Number ofjustices at the discretion of Congress A chiefjustice and 8 associate justices Jurisdiction Constitution sets Court s original jurisdiction Statutory law sets Court s appellate jurisdiction Selection ofjustices Presidents look for appointees who share their political philosophy Must be con rmed by Senate The Supreme Court in 2011 E Antonin Stalia 1536 Anthony Kennedy l536 Clareme Thomas was Rnlh Bader Ginsburg l933 Stephen Ereyer l938 John G Roberts Jr 1955 Samuel A Alilo Jr IBSO Sonia Solnmayor 1554 Elena Kagan l560 Harvard Reagan Reagan 6 Bush Clinton Clinton GW Bush Gw Bush Dbama Obanla Roman Caiholk Roman Catholk Roman Catholir Jewish Jewish Roman Catholic Roman Caholi Roman Catholic Jewish ouwugmznm 2mm Peavsun Educalmn mo AH mmmsewea 93 0 97 0 52 48 96 3 819 78 21 5842 68 31 63 37 11IIN The US Supreme Court Deciding to decide Makes policy from the cases that the justices themselves choose to hear and decide Test Cases Rule of Four Deciding the case Supreme Court deals with cases it chooses to hear 1 Without oral arguments per curiam opinion 2 Full treatment one justice assigned to prepare the majority opinion otherjustices may write concurring or dissenting opinions How a Case Gets to the Supreme Court termEmit Lnsing pa les appeal ta Supreme Epurt misplaced DI39I 39lEd diet J Appeal depied V k Copyright 201 1 2010 Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved How the Supreme Court DeCIdes mm Allum sfnnhengams v DIherpaniessubmil b39els amid time n n and juice my opium U mriustim in me maiu ly may dm oncun39ing opinions Juslites m y may drafl issenling opinions an ahnuTnoea F open murL quot mgwamnmn c apyngm 2 11IIN The US Supreme Court Implementation Higher courts develop policy Lower courts interpret the rulings Unpopular quemment agendes implement Supreme Court decisions are quot195 often met with delay and Impact subtle evasion Greatest impact is when the CCU issues a clear decision in a well publicized case and its position enjoys strong support from other branches and units of government interest groups and public opinion
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