Introduction to Psychology
Introduction to Psychology PSY 1013
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Mrs. Lauriane Mayert
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mrs. Lauriane Mayert on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1013 at University of Texas at San Antonio taught by Judith Perry in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see /class/231422/psy-1013-university-of-texas-at-san-antonio in Psychlogy at University of Texas at San Antonio.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
PSY 11608 What do psychologists study these days 0 Normal behavior causes and mechanisms 0 Abnormal behavior and mental illness Goals of modern psychology 0 Study the llessentials of behavior and mind 0 Why do people act think and feel the way they do 0 Develop a knowledge base about human and animal behavior Questions we ask 0 Survival in your environment 0 Mental processes contribute to survival 0 Solving adaptive problems Find a way to meet challenges to survival I Ex How do you recognize and avoid danger 0 Understanding purpose of processes leads to better understanding of those processes Nature vs Nurture Where Does Knowledge Come From 0 To what degree are we shaped by innateinherited tendencies environment 39 knowing certain things I Kant nborn mental quotstructurequot I Natural selection for certain adaptive traits Darwin I But How to distinguish from effects of environment The Modern View Nature Via Nurture 0 Many characteristics do have a genetic inherited component I Ex Intelligence personality 0 Experience shapes how these characteristic develop I Ex Educational experiences o In other words Both matter Can Psychology Be Truly Scientific 0 Human behavior difficult to predict precisely I However Governed by general principles I Similar to general principles in physics 0 Behavior multiply determined I Current environment I Culture I Genetics I Momenttomoment experiences Definition of Psychology 0 Root word 239 I Scientific Based on observation I Behavior observable actions I Mind Subjective experiences such as thoughts emotions The Discipline of Psychology 0 O O 0 Clinical Psychologists Main focus Diagnosing and treating psychology problems 0 Clinics private practice Counseling psychologists 0 Focus on specific adjustment issues 0 Ex marriage problems Psychiatrists 0 Medical doctors specializing in psychological problems 0 Prescribe drugs Applied Psychologists Not involved with psychological disorders Main focus Applying psychology to practical problems in the real world Ex school psychologists Industrialorganizational psychologists Human factors psychologists Research Psychologists Main focus Conducting experiments Work in universities colleges research institutes o Biopsychologists 0 Personality psychologists 0 Cognitive psychologists 0 Developmental psychologists 0 Social psychologists Mind and Body Descartes Two separate entities 0 Mind controls body through mi o If so Impossible to scientifically study the mind Psychologists today One and the same 0 Mind arises from brain activity Psychology s Roots Wilhelm Wundt 0 Father of scientific psychology Sigmund Freud 0 Father of clinical psychology Carl Jung 0 Father of the conscious Alfred Adler 0 Social psychology John B Watson 0 Father of behaviorism The First Psychology Laboratory