Colonial Latin Amer
Colonial Latin Amer HISTORY 347
Popular in Course
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Gabe Abshire on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HISTORY 347 at University of Michigan taught by Rebecca Scott in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see /class/231458/history-347-university-of-michigan in History at University of Michigan.
Reviews for Colonial Latin Amer
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 10/29/15
History 347 Final Review Terms FINAL FRIDAY AT 130 1 N E 4 V39 05 gt1 9 0 O N LA 4 Alejandinho Antonio Francisco Lisboa sculptor artisan late 18 Asiento contracts given to slave traders Spanish monarchy to other joint stock company established in 1590s easier to sublet the trade to someone else Dutch English French Portuguese etc Minas Gerais Brazil mining region in Brazil economic expansion of Brazil in 18Lh century inland region north of Rio and Sao Paolo gold and diamond mining huge economic expanision increased slave trade towns created based on wealth facilitated Baroque experience Catalina Erauso lieutenant nun section 11 16 Born probably in 1592 to a noble Basque family in San Sebastian Spain she bolted from a convent before taking her vows assumed masculine clothing gave herself a new identity as quotFrancisco de Loyolaquot and early in the seventeenth century made her way to the New World where she led the roughandready life of a soldier in the Spanish colonies Convent of Santa Clara colonial habits Peru Cuzco nuns became central figures in local economic affairs negotiating loans and liens managing urban and rural properties and engaging in business deals with local elites and colonial bureaucrats founded in the 1550s Locutorio space in which nuns communicate with the outside world dynamic communication between cloister nuns and outside world ties economy with religion makes spiritual economy in Cuzco a possibility Palmares settlement of runaway slaves in Brazil appeared in the mid 1530s the largest runaway slave community quilombo in Brazil collaboration of about 10 different communities of runaways maroon community Haitian Revolution 1791 1803 period of violent con ict in the French colony of SaintDomingue leading to the elimination of slavery and the establishment of Haiti as the first republic ruled by blacks Castas seventeenth and eighteenth centuries mainly in Spanish America to describe as a whole the mixedrace people which appeared in the postConquest period system of social stratification that existed section 1123 Syncretism interaction of the different cultures of people who resided in the region Europeans indigenous Africans Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz self education of women represents Baroque period theological and religious ideas of society through Baroque prose and poetry how people were supposed to express ideas as a woman this got her in trouble Bandeirantes followers of the bannerquot were Portuguese colonial scouts in Brazil members of the 16th18th century South American slavehunting expeditions t early 19Lh centuries most representative artist of the Baroque period from Minas Gerais many things we identify with him are historical of 19111 century Censo transaction takes place in locutorio ties money given to nuns with rural property that produces annual revenue which was interest but a rite being paid so not technically interest Engenho sugar plantations named used in Brazil devoted to monoculture factorylike mills to turn cane juices to sugar run by slaves northeastern Brazil after 1570 they began to import more slaves late 16 1 to early 17 l N N N N 4 N UI N l N 00 N O Reparto de comercio forced sale of goods done by corregidores Indians forced means to get wealthy burden on Andean society Tupac II revolt 1780s grievances Quilombos runaway slave communities most famousPalmares in Brazil could be large started when Africans first arrived in the colonies 1530s Manumission freeing of a slave by his master avenues to freedom that slaves had available to them given in any time of lives mostly in last will and testament because the master fell in love with the slave they had a child together slave was old didn t want to have to feed and clothe Obrajes factories Mexico Peru Ecuador Indian forced labor to produce textile in regional markets Spaniards use mitas held in captivity to work there Peruclothing fabrics sold to mining region Lay brotherhoods cofradias irmandades form of mutual help and sociability available to Africans Viva e1 Rey muera el mal gobierno long live the king death to bad government condemning bad behavior of crown officials without dislike of the crown or king himself 18111 century revolts v Bourbon reforms used by many people not associated with just one group Kuraka Indian chiefs who assisted the Spanish intermediaries between Spaniards and Indians in Andes predates Spanish goes through era Jomalero name by which rural workers were known in Spanish colonies technically free but attached to land owner to cultivate land wages or given own plot of land throughout colonial era mostly Indians and mestizos Bourbon reforms a set of economic and political legislation introduced by the Spanish Crown under various kings of the House of Bourbon throughout the 18th century The reforms were intended to stimulate manufacturing and technology in order to modernize Spain In Spanish America the reforms were designed to make the administration more efficient and to promote its economic commercial and fiscal development The crown did this in hopes that it would have a positive effect on the economy of Spain Charles 111 King of Spain and of the Spanish Indies from 1759 to 1788 expelled the Jesuits in 1767 leading figure of Bourbon reforms Creole and Pardo Militias colored militia Sebastiao Jose de Carvalho e Melo Marquis of Pombal built up new industries promoted the development of Brazil and Macao and expelled the Jesuits He curbed the Inquisition by subordinating it to the king39s authority expelled the Jesuits from Portugal and its colonies and redrafted the property laws to prevent the accumulation of great wealth by the church A believer in enlightened despotism took strong measures to build up Brazil with increased production of minerals tobacco and sugar suppressed opposition Viceroyalty of New Granada 3rd created by Bourbon reforms tighten political control in Colombia Ecuador etc military build up Francisco de Miranda dreamed of united independent empire where the Spanish and Portuguese ruled ruled by the Inca a hereditary emperor with British help he tried to invade the Captaincy General of Venezuela 1806 Pulperia combined shops goods and food and social activities that you would see in bars drinking socializing Andes chichibeer strongly condemned by Bourbon Reformers LA 0 LA LA LA L b L N D I LA Ul LAD ICN LA 00 A o A A N A U Archbishop Aguiar doesn t like that Sor Juana is one of the most famous people in Mexico City and denounces her following her mockery of the church in her writings noted for his religiosity piety charity prudery morti cations and misogyny he took all of Sor Juana s stuffto his estate We shall be able to play relax and sing any time we wish without hindrance or will permission be needed slaves who ran away made these demands in order for them to return to work on some plantations quilombos Mita system of doing public service Incas Spanish exploited to get resources like repartimiento in Mexico getting labor on a regular basis kurakas helped potosimining region Estancia estates ranches plantations hacienda used in Argentina southern Chile Uruguay and Paraguay created in the 19111 century in order to fence in cattle that had previously run free in the territory Corregidor local administrative and judicial position in Spain and its empire in the Americas definitively abolished in 1833 representatives of the royal jurisdiction over a town and its district Guarani connection to the early Jesuit missions of Paraguay the most notable mission foundation ever established in America and for their later heroic resistance 7 as the State of Paraguay against the combined powers of Brazil Argentina and Uruguay 7 until practically all their ablebodied men had been exterminated following Jesuit expulsion in 1767 Beatas religious women NOT NUNS Juan Santos Atahualpa leader of an indigenous rebellion in the Andean jungle provinces of Tarma and J auja near what was then Spanish Peru in the mid 18th century he was from Cusco and had been given a Christian education by the Jesuits Juan Santos himselft claimed to be descended from the Inca royal family The name Atahualpa comes from the line of kings who ruled the Inca Empire Tawantinsuyu up until the Spanish Conquest of 1532 Reducciones congregate Indians from several communities and put them into a single Spanish lifetown where they work for the Spaniards in mitas mining etc Cuzco convent Inca capital center of Spanish administration Tupac Amaru II besieged the city MestizoMestiza term that was used in the Spanish Empire and Portuguese Empire to refer to Latin people of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry in the Americas The Holy Of ce of the Inquisition inquisition in the new world made visitations throughout the colonies in order to hear the confessions and denunciations of people in these communities of acts of heresy bigamy blasphemy and other offenses against the inquisition Auto da fe the ritual of public penance of condemned heretics and apostates that took place when the Spanish Inquisition or the Portuguese Inquisition had decided their punishment Diego de Landa Bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Yucatan He left future generations with a mixed legacy in his writings which contain much valuable information on preColumbian Maya civilization and his actions which destroyed much of that civilization39s history literature and traditions He is a major figure in the socalled quotBlack Legendquot 44 Baroque artistic movement Jesuit riests culture artist religions set of experiences 17111 century in Spanish colonies 18 in Brazil utilized senses to convey ideas about mystic experiences slightly dependent on wealth writing architecture painting social activities didn t last term applied after used later to classify experiences 45 Santa Ifigenia manumission Baroque 46 Potosi mining center BoliviaUpper Peru silver produced main centers to which forced labor through encomiendas and mita were used economy of Andes and Spain 1611118Lh centuriesimportant revenues for Spain still being mined