New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Aging as Child of Invention

by: Crysta Meekins

Aging as Child of Invention GRN 250

Marketplace > University of Kentucky > Human Development > GRN 250 > Aging as Child of Invention
Crysta Meekins

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This week's notes from Chapter 6.
Aging in Today's World
Dr. Watkins
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Aging in Today's World

Popular in Human Development

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Crysta Meekins on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GRN 250 at University of Kentucky taught by Dr. Watkins in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Aging in Today's World in Human Development at University of Kentucky.

Similar to GRN 250 at UK

Popular in Human Development


Reviews for Aging as Child of Invention


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/25/16
Pre­19th Century  ● Basic Ignorance  ● In Bad Grace  ● Reduction in Vital Energies, Desiccation  ● Increase in Bad Juices­ ”The Humors”  ● The Rise of Religion and Science  19th Century  ● Health Reform and Community/Personal Hygiene  ● Darwinism and Genetic Selectivity  ● Germ Theory & Rise of Scientific Medicine  ● Development­ Industrialization & Urbanization  20th Century  ● Diffusion of Innovation  ● Development­ Modernization, and Westernization  Now  ● Medical Technology and the Quest for Longevity    Today’s focus is mostly in stage 1 of demographic transition    Way Way Back this “dawn”?    Homo habilis­2.5 million years?  Homo heidelbergensis­ 500,000 years?  Homo sapiens­​ 200,000 years?  Human­​ 8,000 years?    Conditions?  ● Very basic needs of food, water, shelter, sex.  ● Prehistoric hunter/gatherer cultures to early domestication of plants and animals  ● Aging just happened (basic ignorance), with E(0) in the 20s…”Old” meant having a  bunch of kids.  ● Easy periods caused temporary population growth, and a bit longer (30s?) life span.    Sorta Way Back  (Neolithic Revolution ~14,000 ­ 5,000 y.a.)    ● Simple tool​ improved food security (agriculture).  ● Towns and cities people more visible to each other  ● Communication and trade­ specialized social roles, greater interaction across space,  and…  ● Early religio­ survival determined by some “bigger power.” Death because of being in  “Bad Graces”  ***Unusual aging (40s or more) related to good graces, possession of mystical power.    ● Empire development​ ­ identification and spread of a shared belief system...domination.  ● Elite thinkers early scientific thought; Greek/Greco­Roman philosophies:  ­ Vital energy  ­ The Humors: (blood, phlegm, yellow/black bile)  ­ Desiccation    Way back  (Early Science­ a few thousand bca to 1800s)    Science and Religion  ● Expansion of greek discovery  ● Alchemy and expansion of medical science  ● Rise of modern religion (Christianity, Islam)    Global Travel  ● Search for Resources  ● Columbian Exchange­ ​ goods & ideas  ● Search for immortality    Realities  ● People continued to die early, and easily.  ● Infection was THE big killer  ­ Black Death (14th century)  ­ Cholera, influenza, pneumonia, sepsis  ­ Columbian Exchange Diseases: smallpox, typhus, measles, malaria, TB  ● Life expectancy still limited (30s)  ● Examples: Massachusetts by the 1800s..  ­ 3 of 10 infants died before 1st birthday (or 300/1,000. Africa today is 58/1,000)  ­ 4 of 10 never survived to adulthood  ­ 5 of 10 women died at/around childbirth  ­ “Aging” was largely of the social elite  ­ “Aging” among commoners? Bad or wrong.    The 19th Century  ● Health Reform​ ­ (Socially Driven)  ­ Personal Hygiene (bathing, laundering)  ­ Community Hygiene (dumps, sewers, indoor plumbing)  ● Evolution and Genetic Selectivity  ­ “Survival of the Fittest” (Darwin)  ­ Genetic Transfer of Traits (Mendel)  ● Germ Theory​  (Scientific Medicine)  ­ “Seeing” microorganisms  ­ Reproduction of microorganisms and identifying specific ones (Louis Pasteur, Robert  Koch)  ­ Spread of microorganisms  ­ Killing microorganisms              Aseptic medical techniques (Joseph Lister)              Antiseptic treatments    ● Notions of “Development”  ­ Urbanization​  Place of production)              E.g., industrial cities, railroads  ­ Industrialism ​(Mode of production)​              E.g., cotton gin and textile industry  ● Rapid Industrialization and Urbanization  ● Big advancements, little diffusion.  ● Infection remained THE killer:  ­ High infant mortality, but lowering  ­ High childbirth mortality, but lowering  ­ E(0) 1900= 47.3 yrs; %65+ = 4.1%  ● Advances most benefited the “privileged” classes/areas    20th Century  ● Ongoing Development:  ­ Modernization­ efficiency of production  ­ Westernization­ philosophy of production  ● Diffusion of genetics/germ theories  ● Diffusion of industrial practice  ● Diffusion of electricity and communications  ● Diffusion of “The American Dream”  ● Infection gets controlled  ­ Early Water treatment (1910s­1920s)  ­ Indoor plumbing  ­ Waste Treatment  ­ Sanitary Landfills  ­ Antibiotics/Immunizations 1940s­1960a  ­ Widespread aseptic medical practices  ● Electricity­Telephone­Computers  ● Growth in garment industry (cotton)  ­ Fair Labor Standards Act (1938)  ● Growth in automotive industry  ● E(0) in U.S… 77 yrs by 2000  ● Aging, elders, and industry    Paris­modern garbage dumps, move garbage out of towns 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.