Intro Amer Politics
Intro Amer Politics POLSCI 111
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Burley Schuster MD on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLSCI 111 at University of Michigan taught by Hanes Walton Jr in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see /class/231601/polsci-111-university-of-michigan in Political Science at University of Michigan.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
ThirdMinor Parties For its history US has been 2 party system 1824John Randolph did not like 2 sides 0 Wanted third position 0 The Anti Mason Party was formed in Buffalo by a newspaper editor 0 Editor didn t think Masons or any other cultlike groups had a place in politics Editor was killed at Niagara Falls by Masons presumably 0 Democrats are no longer nominating through king caucuses but instead national conventions following AntiMason s Original Idea 0 Third Party tended to be a SingleIssue Party ex AntiSlavery Populist Movement Farmers 0 Wanted colleges agricultural Progressive Partyparty of urban dwellers 19081912 Taft promises T Roosevelt he will continue his policies 0 He doesn t want TR in power again 0 He goes to Rep Cov39n and demands nomination for pres o For first time in American history 1912 third party Progressives beats one of the two major parties 3rd parties cannot be on ballot in all 50 statesDems and Repubs have monopoly o They ve put in many clever legal devices to stop this If your third party cannot effectively compete there s no point running If one of two parties wants to oust third party they can simply add that issue to their platform and therefore the third party has no standing Third parties cannot raise as much money as convention parties The most recent third party candidate running for President was H Ross Perotgave himself 76 million wins 19 of the vote He did not win but he consequently forced the win of Bill Clinton loss of George HW Bush Anderson 1980 decides to form an independent party in the race between Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan Pollsters tell Jimmy that Anderson s voters will come from Carter supporters O O O 10142010 11800 PM o Jimmy s money is all coming from federal election contributions o 3 people on the funding commission are Democrat and block his checks from being signed 0 Anderson has to shut down his campaign 0 Checks came in 1982 2 years later o Parties now have taken Progressive s idea of Primaries 10142010 11800 PM PS 111 Final Exam Reading Concepts List The Campaign Process Modern campaign structure nomination and general election Media coverage of campaigns how campaigns try to influence the media types of media available to campaigns Key players in modern campaigns candidates campaign managers volunteers etc Political action committees and 527 groups Types of funding soft vs hard money Campaign finance and the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 Historic 2008 campaign and lessoned learned keys to success Current campaign finance reform efforts The Media Roots of news media Current media trends Types of media Rules governing the media selfimposed rules of conduct and government regulations How the media covers politics and the varying branches of government Media influence media bias and public perceptions of the media Voting and Elections Patterns in voter turnout and vote choice Purposes and types of election Structure of presidential elections primaries national convention and electoral college Structure of congressional elections and how they differ from presidential elections Arguments for reforming the electoral process Interest Group Politics Origins and development of interests groups in America What interest groups do and what are their strategies and tactics used to further their agendas What makes interest groups successful Reform efforts directed at regulating interests groups and lobbyists Outside and Inside Lobbying differences and how each works How do interests groups decide what issues to advocate for Congress Powers of Congress 0 Congressional checks on the other two branches of government 0 How Congress is organized leadership structure committee system 0 The differences similarities between the House and the Senate 0 How members of Congress are elected and what they do 0 How they make decisions and what factors influence those decisions 0 Lawmaking function process of Congress The President 0 The roots and rules of the Office of the President of the United States 0 Presidential qualifications and terms of office 0 Article II and the constitutional powers of the president and the informal powers 0 Presidential checks on the other branches of government 0 The development and expansion of presidential power 0 Determinants of presidential success 0 Presidential establishment advisors departments etc 0 Presidential leadership and the effect of public opinion on the president and how the president effects public opinion 0 Presidential policymaking 0 Presidential quottoolboxquot executive orders signing statements etc Judiciary and the Courts 0 o The roots of the federal judiciary Supreme Court and Article III as well as lower federal courts and Congress under authority in Article III and Article I o The American legal system and civil and criminal law 0 The structure of the federal court systems types and jurisdictions o How federal judges are selected by presidential nomination and senate confirmation senatorial courtesy and nomination criteria 0 Supreme Court Confirmation Process 0 Operation and function of Supreme Court how cases are selected for review and adjudication 0 Judicial philosophy and decision making howjudicial decisions are reached based on legal and extralegal factors 0 Why do judges have lifetime tenure 0 Why was the judiciary originally considered the least dangerous branch of government 0 Judiciary s power to affect policy ureaucracy Origins of the American bureaucracy The modern bureaucracy who are bureaucrats and the formal organization of the bureaucracy Four types of agencies Merit vs patronage system
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