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Intro to Cog Psych

by: Rhiannon Lindgren

Intro to Cog Psych PSYCH 240

Rhiannon Lindgren
GPA 3.8

James Hoeffner

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James Hoeffner
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rhiannon Lindgren on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 240 at University of Michigan taught by James Hoeffner in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/231634/psych-240-university-of-michigan in Psychlogy at University of Michigan.


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Date Created: 10/29/15
Exam 1 Review Sheet Psychology 240 Winter 2011 This review sheet lists the terms and concepts you should know for the exam grouped by lecture and chapter For each lecture I ve put down what I think are the most relevant readings for that lecture This doesn t mean that you shouldn t read the rest of the chapter exam questions can come from the lectures and from the textbook as well as from the other readings Lecture 1 Histog amp methodology The most relevant reading is Chap 1 pages 115 1 Introspectionism amp problems behaviorism amp problems cognitivism amp computational view of mind information processing Dependent variables independent variables main effects and interactions interpreting graphs Mental chronometry simple reaction time choice reaction time Donder s subtraction method amp problems Lecture 2 Perception Most relevant reading is Chap 2 49571 Perception distal stimulus proximal stimulus perceptrepresentation Views of perception Nativist knowledge is builtin vs empiricist emphasizes learning Lack of l 39 l 39 39 perceptual constancies Direct perception constructivist theory Bottomup and topdown processing The paradox of depth 1 l quot J 39 39 39 cut 1 39 Depth cues Monocular cues Linear perspective Shapetexture gradients Relative size and height Interposition Shadows atmospheric blurring Accommodation Motion cues such as parallax kinetic depth effect Binocular cues Retinal Disparity Convergence Is depth perception innate Visual cliff experiments Retina rods amp cones photoreceptors ganglion cells Neuron dendrites soma axon Resting potential action potential threshold allornone propagation refractory period Neurotransmitters synapses electrochemical transmission Receptive fields how are they studied ring rate excitation inhibition centersurround organization Magnocellularparvocellular layers thalamus lateral geniculate nucleus Cerebral cortex and lobes primary visual cortex simple complex cells whatwhere pathways ventraldorsal temporalparietal Lateral inhibition Color vision opponent process and trichromatic theories Color adaptation Grandmother cells in visual system Lecture 4 Pattern quot39 bottomup Chap 2 4953 and 6584 Bottomup processing pattern recognition Template theory matching problems such as occluded objects transformations etc Prototypes Franks amp Bransford Solso amp McCarthy etc studies of prototypes Feature theory neural evidence for features visual search stabilized retinal images caricatures Pandemonium model Problems with feature theory relationshipsarrangements of features Structural descriptions RBC theory geons nonaccidental properties evidence for RBC Problems with RBC theory faces natural objects like trees no neural evidence for geons objects Context effects subjective or illusory contours ambiguous letters numbers objects out of context Word superiority effect pseudoword superiority effect frequency effects repetition priming interactive activation model activation inhibition Phonemic restoration effect Face perception is it special Yin 1969 memory for normal orientation and upsidedown faces vs normal and upsidedown houses Thatcher illusion Prosopagnosia Two recognition systems parts based recognition system like feature models or RBC vs a configural system used for faces Lecture 6 Attention 1 All of Chap 3 and Mack article Inattentional blindness change blindness Moore and Egeth study of visual illusions and inattentional blindness TOT states tip of the tongue Marcel s priming study Blindsight Controlled vs automatic processing Visual search and Treisman s feature integration theory feature vs conjunction search Auditory attention dichotic listening shadowing basis for selection processing of unattended info Early vs late selection ltering attenuation Stroop task Visuospatial neglect explained as disengage de cit explained as unbalanced competition between hemispheres these topics were pushed to next lecture Lecture 7 Visuospatial processing Extraordinary visual memories sensory synesthesia Enormous capacity of visual memory Shepard s study Standing s studies Visual beats auditory memory Cohen Horowitz and Wolfe 2009 Exceptions to good visual memory penny example Problems with richer visual code hypothesis The dual code hypothesis Brook s study Cognitive maps Tolman s maze experiments with rats Evidence for cognitive maps in people Direction judgments Hintzman study distance estimates Jonides study Distortions of shapeposition rightangle bias symmetry heuristic rotation heuristic alignment heuristic relativeposition heuristic subjective clusters density or observer perspective Lecture 8 Visual imagery Kosslvn article Behrman article Page 16 textbook Uses of imagery PictorialDepictive vs propositional representations Analog v symbolic Evidence for pictorialdepictive images scanning effects zooming transformingmental rotation interferencefacilitation studies shared neural resources Demand characteristics Differences between imagery and perception partwhole relationships cube example color mixing effects of labels rotation of ambiguous figures Carmichael Hogan and Walters study Individual differences in imagery capacity and vividness resolution Textbook Chapter 1 Empiricism behaviorism cognitivism algorithm Neurons axons dendrites action potentials synapses Cerebral cortex frontal lobe parietal lobe occipital lobe temporal lobe Subcortical areas Figure 18 Hippocampus thalamus lateral geniculate nucleus Cerebral hemispheres contralateral ipsilateral corpus callosum Motor cortex somatosensory cortex association areas 39 39 39 methods 39 quot and quot 39 quot Neuroimaging methods EEGERP MEG MRI fMRI PET basics of each approach and proscons especially in terms of spatial and temporal resolution Chapter 2 Perception Topdown and bottomup processing Structure of visual system retina lVIagnocellularparvocellular layers thalamus lateral geniculate nucleus primary visual cortex whatwhere pathways ventraldorsal temporalparietal Gestalt principles Binding problem Agnosia Viewpoint dependence exemplar variation Template matching models Feature models Recognition by components theory Con gural models Context effects Ebbinghaus illusion Word superiority effect Chapter 3 Attention Change blindness Divided attention Attentional blink Repetition blindness Dual task intereference Hemispatial neglect spatial neglect disengaging attention Object based attention Early vs late attentional selection Cherry s selective attention studies dichotic listening Broadbent and Treisman s theories of attention Visual search distractors feature search conjunction search Feature integration theory Integrated competition theory of attention


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