New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Intro Dev Psych

by: Rhiannon Lindgren

Intro Dev Psych PSYCH 250

Rhiannon Lindgren
GPA 3.8

Christopher Monk

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Christopher Monk
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Psychlogy

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rhiannon Lindgren on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 250 at University of Michigan taught by Christopher Monk in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/231636/psych-250-university-of-michigan in Psychlogy at University of Michigan.


Reviews for Intro Dev Psych


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/29/15
Review outline for Exam 1 Psych 250020 Monk Winter 2012 Theory lecture and ch 1 Six assumptions of the lifespan perspective 7 including in uences on development normative historical nonnormative 0 DEVELOPMENT 0 lifelong o multidimensional I Mult Forcesdomains multidirectional growth and decline plastic involves growth and maintenance has in uences I normative I historical I nonnormative OOOO THEORY o Perspective that explains why people act to predictintervene o organismic from within vs mechanistic environmentpassive 0 Continuous gradual vs discontinuous stages 0 Nature inborn vs nurture leaInexperience 0 change vs stability traits remain or plastic Ie Shy baby stay forever shy Freud s Psychosexual theory 0 Id biological desire o Ego avoid punishment to avoid reprimand o Superego moral guilt feelings of Erikson s Psychosocial theory vs Freud 0 Covers entire lifespan childhood 0 Development is psychsocial psycho sexual 0 Eight stages stage 0 Ego identity who we are Erikson s 8 stages 1 Oralsensory emphasizes id 2 Muscularanal 3 Locomotor 4 Latency 5 Adolescence 6 Young adulthood 7 Middle adulthood 8 Maturity Learning theories 7 0 Traditional behaviorism pair unconditioned stimulus w conditioned o operant conditioningreinforcement vs punishment 0 cognitive behaviorismsocial learning theory7observational learning imitation I selfefficacybelief in own competence persist despite failure Evolutionary psychology Piaget s theory of cognitive development assimilation 7 incorporate new info into existing knowledge accommodation 7 change existing knowledge to fit new info 0 Stages Sensorimotor motor and re ex actions Preoperationalpersonification fantasy language Concrete 7 increase accommodation rational judgements I Formal operations 7full cognition Information 39 theorv7 symbol 39r 39 quot o Gradual accumulation of knowledge I Metacogpition 7 awareness of thinking I Attentionmemory capacity Vygotsky s sociocultural cognitive theory 0 Culture transmitted to child 0 Higher mental functions come from cooperative interactions 0 Socially mediated processed cognition Developmental neuroscience perspective 0 Come from biological interactions Developmental systems perspective 0 equal contributions of genes environment and epigenetic factors on developmental processes 0 incomplete dominance both alleles are expressed domrecessive not held Impact of socioeconomic status culture and gender Research methods 0 Naturalistic observationsnot intervening just observing people watching 0 Selfreport 7 forms surveys about self 0 Ability tes exams ACT 0 Observer report 7 third party reports report cards 0 Research designs 0 Correlational study 7 reveals relationship not causeeffect I Magnitude 0 no relationship lstrong relationship True experiment Longitudinal Crosssectional Sequential 7 multiple groupstime points system of owing info 0000 Genetics lecture and ch 2 pp 35 39 Genotype genes of heredity Phenotype appearance of genes Alleles each copy ofa gnene pattern of genetic inheritance homo vs heterozygous o incomplete dominance 7 both appear whole 0 codominance trait is determined by both alleles mix is outcome sexlinked inheritance males have XY chrom Ifmale carries gene he exhibits Relevance of proteins in understanding genetics Range of reaction7 variability of expression of genetic trait ie Stressful events to depression Canalization measure of ability of genotype to produce same phenotype regardless of environment Genetic environmental correlations o passive actors children foster interest in acting o evocative evoke response from heredity o niche picking trying out and picking what one s good at Epigenome how genes and environment interact to create differences 0 Looking at various effects of the combination Methylation methyl molecule affixing and shutting off gene histone modification tighten around gene to turn it off 0 environmental in uences 0 family 0 neighborhood 0 peers o SES 0 schoolteachers 0 culture 0 poverty consequences 0 parentaldiscipline o cognitive function cog verbal skills amp academic achievement 0 physical health 0 socioemotional function Prenatal development lecture and ch 2 pp 39 59 0 Components of conception ovulation fertilization 7 in fallopian tubes 0 Germinal period 02 weeks 0 Zygot 7 fertilized egg dividing cells I 3 days fallopian tubes gtgt uterus o Blastocyst 7 forming layers incorporates into uterine wall 2033 0 Emb onic disk 7 cells on inside by wall gtgtgt embryo o Trophoblas outside layers I Amnion protect cushion I Placenta filter I Umbilical cord transport 0 Embryotic period 28 weeks 0 Differentiation I Ectoderm 7 outer gtgt nerves skin sensory organs I Mesoderm 7 middle gt muscles skeleton circulatory excretory I Endoderm inner gtgt digestive lungs gland o g mth rapid body part development 0 Miscarriages 1213 weeks 0 Fetal period 0 Trimesters 1 Complex physical structures organs muscles nervous system a External genitals b Fetal heart beat 2 Fetal growth mother feels mvmt a Vemix cheeselike protection b Lanugo 7white hair 7 sticks to vemix 3 Age of viability 2538 weeks a Fat layer d Sleepwake patterns b Change positions e Responds to sounds cat in the hat c Brain maturation 0 Brain and brain development 7 o Neurogenesi 7 5 mth 0 Migration 7 6 mth o Synaptopgenesi 7use it or lose it o Prenatal environmental risk factors 0 Maternal malnutrition damages CNs fewer brain cells lower brain wt 0 Emotional stress miscarriage less oxygen amp nutrients to feed fetus cortisol increase 0 age 7 increase infertility miscarriage chromosomal defects 0 teratogens any environmental agent harming prenatal period I dose I presence of other teratogens I timing I Hg mercury Ramirez I genetic predisposition o Paternal factors older gt increase autism Birth and infant physical perceptual and motor development and ch 2 3 pp 60 95 0 Labor 0 Stage 1 dilation of cervix I Uterine contractions 0 Stage 2 fetus move from uterus to vagina I Head crowns I Body emerges 0 Stage 3 expulsion of placenta and umbilical cord Concerns about medicalization of childbirth o Mom s not involved in decision making 0 Treating childbirth like disease 0 Pain meds can pass onto child Childbirth alternatives 0 Csection 7 medical emergencies breeches I Drs often too cautious done unnecessarily o Lamaze natural or prepared childbirth I Mom more in control 0 Birthing centers home birth hospital care midwife Baby appearance and assessment 0 Avg 20 in 75 lbs I Apgar 110 7asseses physical c0nditi0n4 emergency 710 good I Heart rate resp effort muscle tone color re ex response Newborn capacities o Senses 0 Taste 7 prefer sweet 0 Smell 7 attracted to lactating odor 0 Hearing prefer complex voice sounds I Can distinguish almost all sounds until 10 months I Orients sounds location at 2 mths 0 Vision least mature I 20400 2020 by 1 year I See best 7 foot away 0 Touch sensitivity 7t0uchamppain 7 at birth I Stimulates physical amp emotional devt I Dieter et al massage 7 gained more wt o Re exes o Asseses CNS 0 Survival value rooting sucking grasping o Stepping re ex Newborn states 0 Sleeping 1618 hours wake every 34 hours 0 Crying basic mad pain Benefits of breast milk over formula Reasons formula is considered body growth 7 o spurts unevenly most rapid during infancy o 2xwtat3mths 14 lb 3xwtat 12 mths21 lb infant motor development 0 cephalocaudal headgtf00t raise head before standing 0 proximocaudalcoord trunk then handfoot o masstospecifi 7movements gross before ne 0 Infant brain development 7 synaptogenesis pruning myelination 0 Visual development 0 depth perceptionability to judge distance 8mths o Hubel amp Wiesel 7 cover monkey infant eye good eye took over I Adult doesn t matter 0 Measuring vision 7 preferential looking paradigms and habituation 0 Babies look at complex first then simple 0 Look longer at complex than simple 0 Novelty preferenc 7 baby looked at novel exciting image I Early early infancy7preference for familiarity o Interventions What quiets a young baby Infant cognitive and language development lecture and ch 3 pp 95 107 0 Piaget s theory of cognitive development 0 Adaptatio building schemas thru direct environ Interaction o Assimilation amp accommodation A A A o Sensorimotor stage 02 yrs 7 lea1n about world thru 5 senses I Schemas structures to organize experiences I Circular reactions 7repeats actions to learn about phy Reality Substage l 7re exive schemas Sub 2 7 circular rxns by accident toward own body thumb Sub 3 7 2 circl rxn 7 repeating interesting events in environ mobile kicking Sub 4 7 coord of 2 circ rxn 812 mth 0 Goal oriented behavior 0 Object permanence o Sub5 7 3 circ Rxn 1218 mth 7 varying acts Sub6 7 mental representation 1824 mth 0 Internal depiction to manipulate o Deferred imitation 7 reproduces objects currently not in view 0 Object permanence7 o Anot B error pass at 1218 mths complete at 24 mth o Baillargeon 7 suggested decreasing motor difficulty could make it easier amp earlier 0 Language development 7 milestones and nature of first words 0 theories of language development 0 behaviorism 7 Skinner 7 acquire lang thru operant conditioning imitation reinforcement I babbling rewarded I youth imitate language I moms who use lang more have more verbal children 0 nativism 7 all children possess innate system for lang 0 Language acquisition device I Universal grammar I Deaf chn Still babble o Interactionist 7 emerge thru interaction of innate and environ in uences 0 Infant directed speech 7 high pitched exaggerated simple repetition o Constraints overextension underextension 0 Universal linguists concept babies under 11 mths hear subtle diffs o Bilingualism study video 7In adults7lang is processed in left brain 0 Social cogpition 7processes of brain to information within members of same species


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.