week5notes Italian 42A
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lonnie Wong on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Italian 42A at University of California - Los Angeles taught by moudarres in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Early Modern Italy in Italian at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 10/29/15
10272015Lecture 9 oc The Prince written in 1513 published in 1532 assertion in what Machiavelli believes would be a good ruler Niccolo Machiavelli 14691527 I a teacher of devil not really I born and raised in Florence I received a humanistic education I served as a quotsecretaryquot of the Florentine republic between 15021512 0 secretary keeper of secrets 0 similar to secretary of state I ambassador with Cesare Borgia negotiate I after the death ofJulius government that he served was overthrown in Florence I exiled in San Casciano near Florence I in addition to The Prince he wrote the Discourses on Livy a History of Florence two plays a novella and a treatise on the Art of War I 1494 Medici lose power Salvanarola gained power I 1512 republic overthrown name was listed in a notebook of conspirators tortured like Salvanaroladislocated shoulder in letter bragged that he didn39t give any names I wouldn39t have written The Prince if he wasn39t exiled Dedicatory Letter I Lorenzo de39 Medici 14921519 0 Duke of Urbino and de facto ruler of Florence o nephew of Leo X and grandson of Lorenzo the Magnificent 0 style of The Prince and the book as a quotlittle giftquot I Machiavelli wanted a job and wrote The Prince to showcase his skills similar to a personal statement I Machiavelli39s bad fortune and loyalty to Florence shown I vistu Machiavelli vested interest to save himself vs Fortuna I shows a weakened man I described life in exiled used to dine with high society now he dines with the poo I pg 689 0 draws his conclusions from two works 0 study of history 0 modern affairs 0 words and action pg 78 I style of prince at the bottom I why Machiavelli thinks he is better than others to give advice I the poor the people at the bottom is better to judge those at top Chapter 1 republics gt treated elsewhere in the Discorsi as Machiavelli notes in Chapter 2 principalitiesgt newhereditary Chapter3 I pg 80 O O O O O O O O O O O 0 Chapter5 one ruler prince very similar to monarchy new people are used to living under a princebeing free gained by the arms of others or by one39s own through fortune or virtu cleverness latin means quotmanquot prince can39t rule over free people natural ordinary necessity 2 groups enemies and supporters o enemies are silenced o for new principalities I hard to keep promises to supporters I keep enemies in check I reason why new principalities rarely survive offend people who are in power mistakes of Louis X King of France in Italy Questions to contemplate o How should a new prince deal with his subjects and allies o What is quota very natural thingquot pg 86 quotalthough one may have the most powerful of armies he always needs the support of the inhabitants to seize a provincequot colonies in one or two places to act as states occupying army harass people the worst expensive raise taxes which people hate if an action is harmful do it quick because then people will forget faster if an action makes the people happy do it slowly to drag out the remembrance longer destroy the people who lived free gt most secure if they lived in freedom they will not forget that liberty thus a prince cannot rule over them Florence and Rome are ruled by members of the Medici family Machiavelli says they should use this opportunity to unite all of Italy Chapter 6 armed and unarmed prophets Moses Cyrus Romulus Theseus historical figures most cannot actually be used as evidence only Cyrus is real King of Persia Moses advisor was Go use of mythical examples weakened the message of The Prince pg 95 o Machiavelli Cesare Borgia was a hero 0 we will continue from here on Thursday 10292015Lecture 10 cc Chapter 6 armed and unarmed prophets I armed Moses had his own army I unarmed Salvanarola no arms loss of powergtcouldn39t force people to believe again I pg 93 cc Chapter 9 pg 107 I 4 humors o balanced 0 good body same concept applied to politics 0 politics should be balanced I common and noble desires differ o nobles want to keep control 0 common people don39t want to be controlled Questions to contemplate I What kind of physiological metaphor does Machiavelli use at the beginning of this chapter humor I Should a new prince seek support from the people or from the nobility Why 0 rely on the people better because nobles have their own resources and their own interests I How does Machiavelli describe the competing desires of the people and the nobles o nobles look after themselves even with a prince pg 108 I people are more honest which is better for the state to govern by support from the people I easier to destroy nobles than the people people outnumber nobles oc Chapter 11 Machiavelli praises Alexander VI and Julius II for expanding Church power pg 114 I quotsnuff outquot eliminate opponents remember Machiavelli talking to the current pope compare Guicciardini History ofltaly and Erasmus39s Julius Exclusus Consider Leo X position given that his family controls Florence as well as Rome what should he try to accomplish as pope remember Machiavelli served as an ambassador for Florence government with Cesare Borgia oc Chapter 1214 relationship between laws and arms can39t rely on these I mercenary 0 good try to take power to satisfy their own goals 0 weak run before the war I auxillary allies 0 strong and can win but prince no longer in control rely on I your own army oc Chapter 7 Cesare Borgia example to follow father is Alexander VI became prince thanks to Fortune shrewd knew he couldn39t trust mercenary soldiers used deception to gain control of mercenary feast drink dropped their guard ki most trusted lieutenant of Cesare Borgia Remirro de Orco strangle victims Romagna the people lived well Through a cruel thing Remirro de Orco established peace brutally Cesare Borgia was able to establish law Is this a good or bad thing Is the violence that Cesare used justified Did he lose power because he made a mistake or because of his bad Fortune I Cesare did everything right but still lost power I Machiavelli was not clear on his position about this whether it is due to Fortune oc Chapter 15 Machiavelli39s realism vs Utopian republics pessimistic view on humankind oc Chapter 17 better to be feared or loved I feared I better if both but that is difficult to establish so fear is better avoid hatred hatred generates conspiracies and weakness I keep away from men39s property and women I if punishment is needed properjustification is also needed oc Chapter 18 pg 1334 I the aftermath of the Pazzi conspiracy o bloody o conspirators was executed 0 one conspirator was buried exhumed cut apart and thrown into the river I Chiron and centaur o wisdom o Chiron teacher of heroes I fox and lion Cicero On Duties and Dante Inferno 27
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