Special Topics ECE 796
Popular in Course
Popular in Computer Engineering
This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Felicita Stiedemann on Thursday October 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ECE 796 at University of New Hampshire taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see /class/231690/ece-796-university-of-new-hampshire in Computer Engineering at University of New Hampshire.
Reviews for Special Topics
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/29/15
Senior Design Experience Short Technical Presentations And Posters Or Creating Effecrive Poster Hess 5 R k Tosnev and l p htt wwwncsuedu ro39ec osters UNH Urclergrazlnate Reltea tt wwwunhedu Poster Presentations Effective posters are Facused Focused on a single message Graphic Let graphs and images tell the story use text sparingly Ordered Keep the sequence wellordered and obvious Effective posters serve to Engage the viewer in conversation Communicate major points to as many people as possible Short Presentations and Posters Short 1020 minutes technical presentations and posters involve similar design considerations Short presentations have temporal organization Posters have spatial organization This presentations will focus on posters since the URC student poster sessions are next week Longer 1 hour presentations are similar but are open to more detail Final technical reports theses etc have very much more detail Poster Presentations An effective poster operates on multiple levels Source of information Conversation starter Advertisement of your work Summary of yourwork An effective poster communicates What is the problem addressed Why is the problem important What was done about the problem What were the results Who names and organization did the work and how to get more information 4142009 Poster Presentations I Many ineffective posters suffer from Objectives and main points hard to find Text too small Too much text Too many equations Poor graphics Poor organization I You can t impress or convince others by overwhelming them with information numbers equations graphs text Creating an effective posters requires planning art science and attention to detail I Planning Before starting work on your poster consider message space budget format single sheet or multi panel and dea ines I Focus Stay focused on your message and keep it simple Create a mockup and dispense with unneeded details I Layout Use a clearly defined visual grammar to move readers through your poster I Headings Use headings to orient readers and convey major oints Graphics Clear graphics should dominate your poster Text Text should be minimized in favor of graphics and large where use I Colors Colors can make a poster attractive and improve readability but be cautious Editing Edit ruthlessly to reduce the amount of text and ge focus on a resultsoriented messa A Poster Uses Visual Grammar A poster is not just a standard research paperstuck to a board An effective poster uses a different visual grammar It shows not tells It expresses your points in graphical terms It avoids visual chaos with many jagged edges or varioussized boar s that distract the viewer Instead it guidesthe viewer by using a visual logic with an hierarchical structure that emphasizes main oin s All elements even the figure legends are visible from 4 feet away It displays the essential content the messages in the title main 39 39cs It indicates the relative importance of elements graphically39 each main point is stated in lar e typeface m m 5 m In El headings details aresubordinated visually using smallertypeface h m headings explain the points rather than merely stating results l and letting the viewer hunt for oreven worse invent the mess ge All visuals and text should relate to a succinctly stated message I Your goal is to convey a clear message and support it with a compelling combination of images and short blocks of text I Know your message What is the one thing you want your audience to learn I Focus on your message throughout the poster I If it doesn39t reinforce your message leave it out 4142009 Be Bold amp Be Explicit If you have an interesting result then state it explicitly in the title Water Temperature Affects Flounder Growth Rates versus Flounder Growth Rates Study Interpret yourfindings in the conclusion what dothey mean Greenways must be wider to support forest interior birds versus The effect of green way width on forest interior birds needs further study are the centerpiece of your poster Good graphs communicate relationships guickly Graphs should be simple and clean Write explanations directly on figures instead of referencing from elsewhere Mme mm mmmw 1 M llur mwwuiml iu lwiwrwli Good graphics graphs illustrations photos You should make your message accessible to a diverse audience There are three categories of readers in typical audiences yourfield ofspecialization fields closely related to yours unrelated fields To make your message accessible n nu yuul wum Explain the quot39 39 why the problem is important Use plain language to present your work Avoid jargon and acronyms unless you re really positive that yours will be a specialistonly audi nce Interpret yourfindings so that readers in all categories can understand how yourwork helps solve the problem you ve described Use color to attract attention organize and emphasize but don39t overdo it Use a light color background and dark color letters for contrast Avoid dark backgrounds with light letters very tiring to read Stick to a theme of 2 or 3 colors much more will overload and confuse viewers Ifyou use multiple colors use them in a consistent pattern otherwise viewers will spend their time wondering what the pattern is rather than reading your poster Overly bright colors will attract attention and then wear out readers39 eyes 4142009 Text quotGray mass vs easier to read AVOID THIS Gmy massquot Pm down Avle grm39 nw r 1 large himL u w willi nu Larval t39mie hl clings A llmul m l l ll ll l u Irl i 39I quotgrin mass l39 39 l llwv 39 i y em to gel k39lmnw a uni via and cum Kecp n Im 1mm 39 l A pie uc on 39 2 nr 1 Amv m r text another mr nite lhe poster should put lurth uur messagr not be nn y A and a dillurunl Iunl lvlv or mlur In Mind nllrnlmn hmm colon lml I u l 4 mnemuv dank text on a light background easier on the em Lnl m white cxl nu a dark background can 4m 1 ibmlcl Text What to avoid ALL CAPS UNLESS MORE SPACE IS ADDED BETWEEN Text quotGray mass vs easier to read DO THIS The quotgray mass has been organized for the viewer The text has been dlvlded mm categories and uselul headings added Pare down I Hl l gnw lnn a largo block nl lcxl lll nu bimbo I J lull m I ll 1 than have an impmlanl lid 1w New 1 quot quotWequot I l un39lmulullwuntlwncume mm u wacndunlrunomnullcmlmnl 0 your pmlul39 ML lw inlormmlmn may 1 gut Choose 3 mm slyle and color I Keep it ximplu Llsrvnlvlur um lurlmdv ml mnllwr mum In pustur k nvl n r llnrlonls Iquot ll 1 In Mind allunlmn I K hum culnrs llml cumplcmunl me plum mnienl a backgmund mlur mm A be t we 1 mm l Illln39Lvrumrlly enemy in i i Equal justification distributing words evenly Text toys unless they help convey meaning Beware of gimmicks like word art they can be overpowering and are often hard to read mwucm key words in Avoid Equations Don t include equations unless The equations are part ofthe results you derived a new equation It is necessary to see the equations in order to understand the results misuse mnvnlirlmn mu u m leii in m um 1rimmnj ym I lllrill an hlul A m Mruml mm MZwml Hu llu um INITIHMulHllIll 7 WWWW Z Z yky lyy 7y m leklliluIrluulAivil n um Hm ThulHlml Z wlun mmmmi Hm 4142009 4142009 Tu i Home Tomography Example Posters m f V warm The following posters are real examples of research posters prepared at UNH These are not perfect nor are they bad A good way to learn how to make effective posters is by practicing on posters prepared by others Look at each poster Considerthe various issues raised in the preceding slides What was done effectively What could be done better For some more examples with critiques httg effectivegosters blogsgo com Jm mi Research mm miwu quotwow Mm The Effect 0 Speech Imam Accuracy 0n Driving Performance 9 r rm m r mm mlmddaicningmmamwmh li skw ygngmg Wham me in uenced M Wk W mm Problem these mm rm dnvlnu Mm um minimum l rennnurncrv DELg guruyin miis39mu upan Enumwn Fulannluilwnuwnmnl wnmhvnmum39 n M W m N spear ywmwmmm mm bquot i W W v 1 pmmm mman Drainiuwmmmnkmanmwmm unnavmn w Sinerv qwneni un i Wm mam warm 9 mm mum mar warsarm Mama crmuwns r Thuiwzinispecm rewaniiiunamuaof sinnihmnily mnumud mam m deanquot wane mile when LawLama mum in w a worse mm pe umiincewg Slum 20mm mwwmm m whim Mala unanch l mnm umum warman betweenspeem imnm wnm maimvmm m mm mmmanumuremmmmrmuy i gjnwmmjnmw jegwjnm enema luneuasilxm vanincelD D l When 1 amp39 mew ma T v mu ummcylivnvylw umwmrpmmm quot39 WW 44mm mum 3mm i32 munmmmmmrmsarmam MW m wrmmwxmm madam IMK Wham drMVIa Mnmam mm WWW m m Wm am on Poolemumliunmusesumrwslmliwn Wm mlmsnlim mmnw lsllx lnlluenna wdnvmw anno ECE796 Senior Design Experience Planning For Design Projects Part 2 Major Stages of Solving an Engineering Design Problem Define the problem Understand the problem Propose multiple solutions Compare proposed solutions and select one Implement selected solution Evaluate implementation Problem Domain For Lecture Radio quotDurhamquot quotCoast Guard quotMaine State Police quotTroop A Radar quotFront Antenna Transmit quotLockquot Queries quotPlate Number 123456 quotCheck Records quotCheck Owner Emergency Signals quotPursuitquot quotStrobesquot quotWailquot quotWail Off Major Stages of Solving an Engineering Design Problem Define the problem Understand the problem Propose multiple solutions Compare proposed solutions and select one Implement selected solution Evaluate implementation 292009 Define the Problem Problem definition should be sufficiently specific to rule out irrelevant solutions Problem definition should not be so specific as to rule out relevant solutions Problem definition should not prebias the effort towards a specific solution Problem definition should include constraints imposed by budget Problem definition should include constraints imposed by time Problem definition should include some quantitative methods of evaluation of success Understand the Problem I Decompose the problem into all of the fundamental elements ie things that have to happen or have to exist I Seekto understand how each of the fundamental elements might impact the defined problem Search the literaturewebfar information Conduct experiments Build mathematicalcomputer mades Major Stages of Solving an Engineering Design Problem Define the problem Understand the problem Propose multiple solutions Compare proposed solutions and select one Implement selected solution Evaluate implementation Major Stages of Solving an Engineering Design Problem Define the problem Understand the problem Propose multiple solutions Compare proposed solutions and select one Implement selected solution Evaluate implementation 292009 Propose Multiple Solutions Topic suggests concepts such as innovation inspiration creativity etc Sometimes thought of as more artthan science Impossible to define specific process for reliably coming up with new good deas However a specific approach can be described which can facilitate innovation without guaranteeing it Twostage approach 39 A list ofideas 39 39 a H l Refine to list ofpromising ideas lanalylicl Brainstorming cont I Collect as many ideas as possible I Don39t evaluate ideas during brainstorming Don t discuss individual ideas implementation details etcl No comments about quotgood ideasquot or bad ideasquot I Record all ideas on blackboard or large tablet on an easel as they are suggested for all to see I Create new ideas by morphing and combining ideas already suggeste I Decompose multi faceted problem into fundamental elements and have separate brainstorming sessions for each aspect Brainstorming GOAL Collect as many solution ideas as possible good bad practical impractical logical whacky no limits Small group Too few can limit ideas but 1 person can brainstorm Too many can inhibit intemction Include different backgrounds Invite outsiders a not evenone needs to be on project team Naive suggestions sometimes lead to outsidesthesbo innovation No leadership Evenone equal at bminstorming session One person recordstlie ideas End brainstorming session when it becomes unproductive Generallylessthan lhour Brainstorming cont Pushing the pushtotalk button after starting to talk causes the beginning ofthe speech command to be missed I Move PTi button to more convenient position Use more responsive PTl button I Provide audio beep orclick as feedback of start of PTTand end of PTT Use audio delay line to start speech processingwith audio signalfromjust before P39l39f button was pressed I Use software to identify beginning and end ofspeech in audio signal I Use throat mounted microphone to detect beginning and end ofspeaking I Use video camera to detect beginning and end ofspeaking Abandon P39lTand use easily recognizable keyword as preface to evely speech command I 292009 Brainstorming cont Audio output extraneous talking from police radio interferes with computer speech command recognition I Move computer microphone to make it less sensitive to output of mdio speaker Mute radio speakerwhen computer PTf button is pressed Use second microphone to pickup radio speaker audio output and subtract it from computer audio input signal Use second microphone to pick up radio speaker output and cancel ongoing computer speech command recognition l sarry i couldn t hear you clearlyquotl Use computer software to distinguish between single talkerquot lnormall and multiple simultaneous talkersquot lerror conditionl I Major Stages of Solving an Engineering Design Problem Define the problem Understand the problem Propose multiple solutions Compare proposed solutions and select one Implement selected solution Evaluate implementation Identify Feasible Solutions I Consider each proposed idea Is it really consistent with project objectives Is it feasible given skill set constraints ofteam Is it feasible giventime constmints Is it feasible given budget constraints I Consider strong points of each idea to be eliminated Canyou achieve the sameadvantage some otherwayla new ideal Canyou achieve a similar advantage using one ofthe otherfeasible ideas Process may lead to new ideas I Reduce list of ideas to those that are promising and feasible I End result is one list of feasible ideas for each aspect ofthe problem solution Compare Candidate Solutions A candidate solution includes one feasible idea for each aspect of the problem A multiafaceted problem with multiple feasible ideas foreach facet may have many candidate solutions Each candidate solution as a whole must be consistent with the time and budget constraints Compare candidate solutions Goal is to identifythe best candidate solution in the context ofthe rJ iiiiu Li ur Search the Iitemturewebfar information Conduct experiments Build mathematicalcomputer mades Select the best candidate based on your engineering judgment 292009 Major Stages of Solving an Engineering Design Problem Define the problem Understand the problem Propose multiple solutions Compare proposed solutions and select one Implement selected solution Evaluate implementation Implement Selected Solution Implementation involves doing BUT Successful implementation starts with planning Successful implementation requires constant testing Successful implementation usually requires replanning 292009
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'