1/21/15 Notes CJ 300
Popular in Survey of Criminology Theories
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Hendrixson on Wednesday January 21, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to CJ 300 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Diana Dolliver in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 268 views. For similar materials see Survey of Criminology Theories in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/21/15
C 300 Notes The Rational Choice Paradigm Deterrence RTC RAT SCP Paradigm 0 Any theories that fall under a particular paradigm will share common characteristics and common underlying assumptions 0 The Classical School of Criminology 0 Classical School vs Social positivist School The Enlightenment Mid18th Century 0 Assumptions if the Classical School Basic foundation for theories 0 The causes of crime and criminal behavior are extent external to the individual Humans are inheritany rational and hedonistic o Hedonistic Pleasureseeking and avoid pain Delinquency is normative meaning offenders do not differ from nonoffenders 0 Classical School is not extremely interested in criminal motivations Cassica School Roots o Fathers if needing a fairjudicial system right to fair trial etc Cesare Beccaria 1764 0 Italian Wrote Essay on Crimes and Punishment 0 Condemned common state practices as obscure laws and unlimited judicial power that enables judges to dismiss cases or impose harsh sentences 0 Propose a series of reforms that are more fair humane and rational 0 Punishments must be swift and certain but severe enough to deter someone quotAcademy of Fistsquot Jeremy Bentham 1789 EngHsh Wrote An Introduction to the Principles of Mora5 and Legislation 0 Both are not concerned with explaining 0 Both were utilitarian philosophers but wanted reform What about morality What about the quotrightquot thing to do 0 Set up a new criminal just8ce system 0 Wanted to maximize ef ciency and utility Deterrence Theory 0 The foundation for the majority of our current laws Much is drawn from Beccaria39s writings What is the primary purpose of criminal law Prevent crime Cl 300 Notes Rational exercise of free will All individuals will choose to obey the law based on hedonism One underlying principle The effectively DETER the crime the punishment must be swift certain and severe Severity of the crime To prevent crimes the legal system must NOT be capricious unduly harsh rather it must be fair but effective Criminal law is NOT designed simply as a means of revenge the punishment must t the crime Which means it is proportionate to the crime Eye for an eyeor is it If the punishment is too severe or too lenient it won t work Certainty of the punishment Most effective out of all three Probability of apprehension and punishment for the crime According to Beccaria one of the greatest curbs on crime The certainty of punishment even if it be moderate will always make a stronger impression than the fear of another punishment Swiftness of the punishment Also referred to as quotcelerityquot References the swiftness with which criminal sanction are applied after the commission of a crime How fast you are punished after you commit the crime Are punishments more or less useful the longer it takes to punish someone According to the theory it is less useful Swift Certain and Severe The 3 key ingredients of Deterrence Theory All must be present in order for theory to work deter crime Association is necessary between crime and the corresponding and proportional punishment Crime does not pay
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