Weather and the Atmosphere
Weather and the Atmosphere ATOC 1050
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jon Johns on Friday October 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ATOC 1050 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by John Cassano in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/232058/atoc-1050-university-of-colorado-at-boulder in Marine Science at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 10/30/15
ATOC 1050 Baker Section Final Exam Review Sheet The final exam will be 50 multiple choice questions It is worth 20 of your final grade Approximately 2530 questions a bit over onehalf will be based on the material covered on Exams 1 2 and 3 chapters l9 and 1416 The other 2025 questions a bit under onehalf will be based on material from chapters 17 18 and 20 Chapter 23 will not be on the exam How you should study Reread each chapter we have covered and then review your notes from each of the chapters What are the main points of each chapter Much but not all of the material from chapters 1 7 8 is background material for the second half of the semester and you may find you know this material better than you think Many but not all of the questions in the first portion of the exam will be very similar in nature to questions on Exams 1 2 and 3 Make sure you are comfortable with these exams particularly questions you got wrong on the exams Know how to identify key features on weather maps Know how to interpret what types of weather one might experience based on a given map Chapter 1 Properties of the Atmosphere I Understand the relation between the Earth s tilt and temperature variation I Know the atmospheric temperature pro ile I What is pressure and what is typical SLP I Understand the differences between vapor pressure saturation vapor pressure relative humidity and dewpoint temperature How are each of these related with each other To temperature Which are absolute measures of water vapor I Know the different types of phase changes Know which release energy to the environment and which sequester energy from the environment I Know how wind direction is characterized ie a south wind means the wind is coming from what direction I Know the relative scales of extratropical cyclones hurricanes thunderstorms and tornadoes Chapter 2 Meteorological Measurements and Local Weather I Understand how to convert between UTC MDT and MST I Know what a METAR and a meteogram are I Know how to interpret meteograms I Know what a rawinsounde is and how to read a sounding I Know how a radar works and how a Doppler radar works I Understand the differences in visible infrared and water vapor satellite imagery Chapter 3 Weather Maps I Know how to read a surface station model and decode the SLP on this type of model Understand how wind direction is reported a north wind means the wind is coming from which direction Understand the relationship between isobars wind direction and wind speed Know how pressure is used as a vertical coordinate Understand the differences between a constant pressure surface map and a constant height map How are they similar How are they different What data is plotted on a constant pressure map On a constant height map Know how pressure surfaces slope with latitude Know what a trough and ridge are Know how to read and interpret an upper air station model Know what types of atmospheric features could be find Chapter 4 Forecasting and Simulating Severe Weather I What is required for NWP I Understand why errors occur in NWP and options to correct for these errors I You do not need to know names and properties of specific models and in general the exam will not focus significantly on Chapter 4 no more than 12 questions Chapter 5 Atmospheric Stability Chapter 6 Forces and Force Balances Chapter 7 The Development of High and LowPressure Systems and Chapter 8 Airmasses and Fronts 7 see the review sheet for Exam 2 Chapter 9 Extratropical Cyclones Forming East of the Rocky Mountains Chapter 14 Great Plains Blizzards Chapter 15 Mountain Snowstorm s Chapter 16 Mountain Windstorms 7 see the review sheet for Exam 3 Chapter 17 Thunderstorms n is a thunderstorm categorized as severe I What is required for thunderstorm formation For severe thunderstorm formation I Airmass thunderstorms MCS frontal squall lines and supercells 0 Know how each might form the basic lifecycle of each system and how each would dissipate 0 Know how these storms are similar and different for example which ones have vertical tilting Rotation I What is the cold pool and what is the feedback loop between cold pool formation and thunderstorm tilt I Know what the following properties of a thunderstorm are gust front bookend vortices bow echo mammatus cloud anvil trailing stratiform region tropopause overshooting top virga updraft downdraft RFD and FFD for supercells I What is CAPE Chapter 18 Tornadoes I Know typical sizes and wind speeds for tornadoes and all vortices we have discussed Why do supercells rotate What is a mesocylone What is vortex stretching and how does it work Know the three theories for tornado formation after a mesocyclone has undergone vortex stretching How do tornadoes dissipate and what is a tornado family What is a landspout a waterspout and a gustnado How do the mechanisms of formation for these differ than the mechanisms for formation for a tornado formed from a mesocylone Where do tornados occur in the US How are tornados classified What time of day and what time of year are tornadoes most common Why How are tornadoes detected What is a mesocyclone signature and a tornado vortex signature Tornado safety Chapter 20 Lighting I at is an electric current An electric field The fair weather electric field I How is charge distributed in a thunderstorm I What is interface charging Inductance charging How doe these charging methods work in a thunderstorm What are the types of lightning strokes What are the stages of a cloudtoground lightning stroke How does thunder work Lightning safety