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One Day of Notes
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This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Emily R on Wednesday January 21, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at George Washington University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views.
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Date Created: 01/21/15
bIesze msgr39quot gswe Va I 0 Large economic assetImport Foreman gets salary workers get share if discover diamonds The Decay ofthe Sierra Leone State 0 1967 diamonds generated 200 million in profits to the formal economy Formed 30 ofthe GDP 0 Provided 70 of foreign exchange 1987 Diamonds passing through formal taxable channels were valued at 100000 0 State spending on health fell by 60 between 1980 1987 Siaka Stevens private fortune estimated in 1985 atS500 million 0 Illegal diamond operations were valued at 250 million employed 50000 people 0 198990 Momoh moves to regain control of mining operations threatening thejobs of illegal miners Total economic activity 1 billion total state revenue from all sources 5070 million Sierra Leone production drops drastically from 199709 from 104 to 65 Laundering ofdiamonds decreases state returns in Sierra Leone Liberia Angola Siberia and Congo Alluvial Diamonds 0 Similar to Gold Rush 1949 Gold Rush The War Continues RSLMF expands from 2000 in 1985 to 3500 in 1992 and 1500018000 by 1995 0 May 1997 military coup d39etat Johnny Paul Koroma forms AFRC and allies with the RUF Kabbah flees from Guinea 0 July 1997Sierra Leone suspended from the Commonwealth October 1997 sanctions imposed by UN Security Council barring weapons and petroleum The Sandline affairgathers momentum undermining High Commissioner Peter Penfold broke UN sanctions February 1998 Nigerianlead ECOMOG troops storm Freetown o invaded Sierra Leone 0 Seized Freetown March 1998 Kabbah returns to Freetown January 1999 RUF seizes control ofthree quarters of Freetown 5000 killed 0 May 1999 UN intervenes o Ceasefire in Freetown July 1999 0 After six weeks Lome Peace Agreement Signed 39 RUF and AFRC given government posts and amnesty NovemberDecember 1999 UN troops deployed 0 Sam Bokari refuses to accept their presence troops attacked outside Freetown AprilMay 2000 0 UN Troops attacked in the east several hundred abducted o RUF advance on Freetown 800 British paratroopers deployed to secure Lungi airport and evacuate British civilians o RUF Foday Sankoh captured 0 Moquto did not acept UN presence 0 August 2000 0 West Side Boys capture 11 British soldiers 0 September 2000 British soldiers rescue hostages January 2001Government postpones election 0 March 2001 UN troops deploy to rebel zones 0 May 2001 Disarmament begins British retrained Sierra Leone army deploys to rebel zones 0 January 2002 U N declares war at an end 45000 fighters demobilized disarmed and rehabilitated January 2002 UN agrees to establish War Crimes Tribunal Peace Restored May 2002 President Kabbah and SLPP wins sweeping victory in General Election gaining over 70 and 83 of 112 elected M Ps Criticism of MendeMandingo domination of new Cabinet 0 85 ofSierra Leone army vote for PLP39s Johnny Paul Koroma July 2002 last 200 troops of British military task force leave Sierra Leone 0 100 British military trainers remain as part of IMATT including advising officers along Liberian border 0 Role ofthe Special Court 0 Arriver of David Crane Chief Prosecutor 0 Serious crimes since Abidjan Peace Agreement November 30 1996 0 Did not gain a lot ofmomentum 0 July 2002 antiNigerian rioting in Freetown Death of Foday Sankoh 0 Sam quotMosquitoquot Bockerie disappeared and then found dead by Cote d39lvoire 0 Johnny Paul Koroma fled and found dead in Liberia 0 2002 election tried to register voters butfailed to reach goals 0 quotI brought the UN to Sierra Leone to end the Civil Warquot Troup Old political order resumed Special Court and other Legal Affairs August August 6th arrival ofChief Prosecutor David Crane in Freetown Investigate war crimes since Abidjan peace agreement on November 30th 1996 The Lome Accord was enshrined by Act of Parliament August 6th High Court Judge Samuel Ademosu named to concentrate on anticorruption cases 0 50 cases investigated by the AntiCorru ption Commission but waiting prosecution by the AttorneyGeneral39s chambers nothing happened quotGiven the availability ofarms the weakness of the current government the relative strength of the RUF and the fluidity of alliances among the country39s armed groups the likelihood of continued conflict in Sierra Leone is greatquot Eric Berman
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