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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Reichert on Friday October 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 497 at Texas A&M University - Commerce taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see /class/232422/eng-497-texas-a-m-university-commerce in Foreign Language at Texas A&M University - Commerce.
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Date Created: 10/30/15
Main Characters lt9 Vladek Spiegelman Born in Poland in 1906 husband of Anja and later of Mala father of Richieu and Art Vladek is a survivor of the Holocaust and in life but he is not portrayed as a hero He uses his abilities and takes advantage of any opportunity to stay alive In the United States he is portrayed as a miserly demanding unpleasant old man who seems to communicate with his son best when speaking into the tape recorder Vladek clearly loves his son but he seems unable to show his love in a way that connects with Art The extremes of his postwar character and his broken English provide some of the humor in the book Anja Anna Zylberberg Spiegelman Born in Poland in 1912 wife of Vladek mother of Richieu and Art Anja was born to a prosperous family and was well educated She is often depressed and relies on Vladek to care for her She is devoted to her child Richieu and in love with her husband Not able to separate herself from her experiences in the Holocaust and the death of her son she commits suicide in 1968 leaving no note of explanation A111 ie Spiegelman Cartoonist author of Maus son of Vladek and Anja Spiegelman husband of Francoise Mouly As a child of Holocaust survivors Art seems driven to tell their story but obsesses about how to tell it and how to maintain his relationship with his difficult father Art too is a survivor of feelings of guilt of his mother s suicide of dealing with his father of the burden of being a child of Holocaust survivors Richieu Spiegelman Born in Poland in 1937 son of Vladek and Anja Spiegelman Richieu described by his father as a happy child is sent by his parents to live with a relative so that he will be safe but he does not survive the Holocaust He haunts Art and his picture reminds Art that he must compete with a memory which to Vladek is that of a perfect child Mala Spiegelman Vladek s second wife and herself a Holocaust survivor Though Vladek accuses her of trying to steal his money she is supportive of Art and his attempts to tell Vladek s story She finds Vladek domineering and difficult but she ultimately comes to his aid when he really needs her She must always live with Vladek s love for Anja Francoise Mouly Wife of Art Though she is French Art portrays her as a mouse because she has converted to Judaism Francoise supports Art in his work and acts as a sounding board for his ideas She seems more supportive of Vladek than Art does but she does not push Art to improve his relationship with his father lt9 lt9 lt9 Source One Book One nllr k lih nr ThemesIssues Maus is a complex work with multiple levels of meaning It can be read as a fable with a moral for the future as a personal account of the Holocaust and as a story in which the tensions and con icts of a family parallel those in the public world The animal characters are metaphors for the racial and political con icts of Germany and Poland in the 1930s and 1940s FR FR FR Source One Book One Family con ict between Art and Vladek between Vladek and Mala between Art and his dead brother Richieu Racism German racism Vladek s racism Art s possible racism in portraying races and nationalities as animals Guilt Art s about surviving when his brother did not about not being worthy as the child of parents who went through so much about putting Vladek s personal stories in print when Vladek had asked him not to about not treating his father as well as he should about how he treated his mother when she turned to him for love just before committing suicide Survival Vladek s Anja s Mala s Art39s Dominance racial and personal Vladek is as dominant to Mala and Art as the Germans were to him dominance of favored prisoners over those less fortunate dominance of cats over mice Depression suicide Art39s Vladek s Anja s Prisons and prisoners including POW camp concentration camp and more figurative experiences in which characters feel like prisoners Artistic process Art39s various struggles with telling this story both in words and pictures Irony Anja survives the Holocaust only to commit suicide Vladek dominates everyone just as the Germans dominated him Richieu is sent to a relative to be safe but the relative poisons him so he won39t be taken by the Germans Vladek makes racial comments about an AfricanAmerican though he was the victim of racism the success of Maus makes Art feel guilty nm k lih nr More on Maus For more information about Maus criticism of the books and interviews with the author please visit these sites General Information and Teaching One Book One Bucks httpwww bllckslib org OneBook 39 htm A Different Type of Holocaust Literature httpwww9georgetownedufacultybassrZl8projectsoliverMausbyAOhtm Graphic Autobiography Using Maus in a Composition Class httpwww class nidahn J th mas 39 1 as Maus Graphic A 39 I 39 Ddf On Spiegleman s Maus I and II httn39 records viuca luluntui int htm A Lesson Plan for Maus in the Classroom httpwwwchfestivalorgresourcescontentComicBookLessonPlanpdf I39I39 1 Maus at the National Museum of American Jewish History httpwww nmaih or r mmf39 imr html Criticism A Book Review on YouTube httpyoutubecomwatchvPmnNOXVh04sampfeaturerelated Review of Considering Maus by Ole Frahm httpwww 39 39 native be issue08olefrahmigeishtm Maus and What Cannot Be Represented htt books 00 lecombooksidmWf1 GHJVOMCamp PA139amp1 PA139ampd CriticismofMausampsource Nebampots Of XT 851ampsig6FVVSusNPuaatOBnB3 StJS 5YiM4amphlenampsaXampoibook quot 4ampctresultPPAl39 Ml Interviews A Stupid Metaphor Spiegleman Explains His Animals YouTube httpyoutubecomwatchv7XXFcMEf9aEampfeaturerelated Listening to Vladek Interview YouTube httpyoutubecomwatchv7pXYNuFsUTUampfeaturerelated Intersections of Maus and Spiegleman Audio Available httpwww nor on 39 v storvphpstorvIdl6ll73l New York Voices Interview with Art Spiegleman httpwww thirteen or nvvoicestransc I n html lt9 lt9 ltXgtltXgtltXgt lt9 lt9 Something to Think About On the opening pages of each book the readers are given a quote to consider Maus I 7 The Jews are undoubtedly a race but they are not human 7 Adolf Hitler Maus II 7 Mickey Mouse is the most miserable ideal ever revealed Healthy emotions tell every independent young man and every honorable youth that the dirty and filthcovered vermin the greatest bacteria carrier in the animal kingdom cannot be the ideal type of animal Away with Jewish brutalization of the people Down with Mickey Mouse Wear the Swastika Cross 7 Newspaper article Pomerania Germany mid1930s Why did Spiegleman choose to put these quotes here where they would undoubtedly be the rst thing a reader would see How does this help to introduce the reader to the story Art Spiegleman writes about his father s experiences during the Holocaust Critics argue that Spiegleman cannot be a good source on this topic because he is not writing from a rsthand account Should the qualityvalidity of his story come into question Whywhy not Why did Spiegleman choose to depict this story as a comic How does it helphinder the audience How does using only black and white instead of color in his comic helphinder Speigleman s representation of the story Consider the artistic perspective of this book We see overlapping pages color inversions window frame pictures as well as many other forms of artistic representation How could this helphinder the audience while reading Throughout the story the reader gets a good dose of nudity EXMaus II P25 26 foul language damn shit hell bastard and bitch and extreme violence killing children women and animals beatings starvation etc Could this story be told without the use of these particular aspects Would the story be as well respected without these things Spiegleman doesn t address rape during the holocaust which was well known to occur Shouldcould he have Several animals are used to represent the characters during the book Mice 7 Jewish Cat 7 German Pig 7 Polish Dog 7 American Frog 7 French Deer 7 Swedish Moth 7 Gypsy Why How does this affect the reader s perception of the story Does it lessen the impact of the story or strengthen it x Cunsxder the names cme chapters WALhmths stury u Mans I Chapta39 1 snug Shak Chapter rMuuseTrzp Mans 11 Chapta39 1 7 Mauschthz Chapta39 z 7 Aus thz WhatcuLlebesxm cmtabuutthesende 1 Why are the rstpuhcemm we seem the stury Swemsh Hgs 7 x mum mbuuk m A uLha39vmmmquot7 x H adek39s secund WAfe uney by earner chumesv Huwmghthxs secund mamage mm the reade trackers What cmle be the signi cance ufmm place and beautiful an peaceful Why 5 the depl lun quhls part cme stury su lmpunan Huw dues n affectthe reada39s unda39stzndmg Emma39s pmblar lt9 lt9 lt9 lt9 lt9 lt9 Art depicts his father and mother as mice wearing pig masks What kind of impact does this have on the reader and what is the signi cance of such a representation There is a constant struggle within the book of what is human and what is not Though the characters are depicted as mice we see that they want to be treated as human See Maus I 7 pages 23 54 151 Maus II 7 page 82 When the characters are depicted as human as we see in Maus I pages 100103 during our glimpse of Prisoner on the Hell Planet they are depicted in an almost dehumanizing manner How might this be important to the reader s perceptions of the story Why does he choose to include these pages Spiegleman takes his metaphor to the extreme during his book by depicting his characters as well as himself as animals even when he is showing his struggles during the writing of the story in Maus II However he shows his characters as animals as having pets Maus II 7 P 82 and even being afraid of other animals rats and dogs How does this affect the reader s perception of the characters Does it make them more human Vladek has a glass eye What could this symbolize Does he see moreless than Art Why do we not get the story of how Vladek got his glass eye In Maus II we see Art struggling with the portrayal of his book On page 42 he shrinks and on page 46 he grows back to his normal size Why does he do this Does it help the reader to understand his frustrations more In Maus II on page 89 we find Francoise and Art discussing his mother s diaries and why Vladek might have burned them Francoise says I ll bet you that Anja s notebooks were written on both sides of the page and when Art asks why she says Well if there were any BLANK pages Vladek would never have burned them Why does she say this During the book we see that Vladek doesn t like communists at all and in Maus II on page 98 we see that Vladek himself is very racist against black people or as he calls them Shvartsers What kind of impact does this have on the reader In Maus II page 134 we see a real photo of Vladek though all photos before this were drawn as mice Why would Art have included this particular photo in this way How does the final word of Maus I Murderer and the final picture of Maus II the tombstone of Art s parents affect the reader What kind of impact did these illustrations have on you Welcome to Maus Maus which is German for mouse is a story within a story Art Spiegleman represents himself interviewing his father Vladek about his life before during and a er the holocaust This story takes an interesting approach to a dif cult topic by representing all of the characters as anthropomorphic animals and gives readers a rare intimate glimpse of the life of a Jewish holocaust survivor But rst things rst The Author Vladek and Anja Spiegleman as he depicts in his Pulitzer Prize winning story Maus Also true to the story he had a brother Richieu who died before Art was born Although he graduated from the High School of Art and Design in Manhattan he never completed his college degree from Harpur now Bingharnpton University He did receive an honorary doctorate from there in 1995 In 1968 he went into a mental institution for treatment Upon his release his mother committed suicide In 1992 Spiegleman began working for The New 7 5 V Yorker but resigned shortly a er the September 11 terrorist attacks In 2005 he was acclaimed in Time Magazine s Top 100 most in uential people In 2007 he played himself on the Simpson s episode Husbands and Knives He now resides in downtown Manhattan with his wife Francoise his children Nadja and Dashiell and their cat Houdini Arthur Spiegleman was born on February 15 1948 in Stockholm Sweden His parents were indeed NEW 115nm 1982 1987 1988 1988 1988 1990 1992 1992 1992 1993 1993 1993 1999 2006 Awards Yellow Kid Award Lucca Italy for Best Foreign Author 6 Inkpot Award Adamson Award Sweden for Maus Angoul me International Comics Festival France Prize for Best Comic Book for Maus Urhunden Prize Sweden Best Foreign Album for Maus Max amp Moritz Prize Erlangen Germany Special Prize for Maus Pulitzer Prize Letters award for Maus Eisner Award Best Graphic Album reprint for Maus Harvey Award Best Graphic Album of Previously Published Work for Maus Angoul me International Comics Festival Prize for Best Comic Book for Maus part 2 Sproing Prize Norway Best Foreign Album for Maus Urhunden Prize Best Foreign Album for Maus part 2 Eisner Award inducted into the Hall of Fame Art Director s Club Hall of Fame Other Works by Art Art Spiegelman 0 CONVERSATIONS 1971 Real Pulp 19711972 Young Lust 1972 1982 Bizarre Sex 1973 Whole Grains A Collection onuotations 1975 Arcade 1978 Breakdowns Portrait ofthe Artist as a Young amp l 1980 iRaw 1985 i CoCreated Garbage Pail Kids stickers and cards 1991 Created Garbage Candy 2004 In the Shadow ofNo Towers 2006 Drawing Blood Outrageous Cartoons and the Art ofOutrage 20062008 Big Fat Little Lit 20062008 Little Lit 2007 Art Spiegleman Conversations Interviews with the Spiegelmans by Joseph Witek Joseph wazek Present Toon Books
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