Gold Rush and the Making of the Pacific World
Gold Rush and the Making of the Pacific World HY 325-001
Popular in US World Power to 1898
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday October 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HY 325-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steinbock-Pratt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see US World Power to 1898 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/30/15
Gold Rush and the Making of a Pacific World Gold Rush California from backwaters territory of Mexico to a booming hub of migrants and entrepreneurs January 1848 gold discovered at Sutter s Fort in the Sierra Nevada 0 Latin America West Coast and Asia were the first to hear about the discovery of gold 0 East Coast was delayed in hearing about gold due to slow travel of communication 1849 80000 migrants went to California 0 Change in population dramatic changes in cities I Ex San Francisco gt 1846 200 people 1856 36000 1870 150000 Gold Rush affected trade and shipping 0 shipping graveyards ports where ships were abandoned as crews went ashore in search of gold ex San Francisco ports Gold mine areas became cosmopolitan and raciallyethnically diverse o Mines in southern CA Anglos Natives Africans French I Smaller amount of gold 0 Mines in northern CA more Anglo miners than any other ethnicity I Lots of gold Immigration to California 0 Pull factor gold 0 Push factor for immigrants usually domestic problems I Ex Chinese came from SE provinces due to unrest economic political Mexicans Californios gt men and wives travelled to the mines Anglos gt usually only men travelled to the mine areas I left wives at home due to dangerous travel conditions and mines hard labor L American gt lots of Chileans Asian gt SE China Japan California Trail crosscontinental land trail from East coast to West coast Easier for Mexicans Latin Americans and Asians to get to CA than for Americans on the East coast I People on the Eastern coast had to travel by boat which took months Anglos targeted foreignersnonAnglo people 0 Chilean war gt Anglos and Chilean miners fought over area of land they both settled in 0 Goal of targeting foreigners keep gold mines exclusively for whites As gold became more scarce legislation was passed to get rid of foreigners 0 Foreign Miners Tax gt foreigners had to pay a monthly tax to mine for gold I Repealed but replaced with a lesser tax 0 Goal keep gold mines for Anglos o Foreigners who left the mining business usually took up lower class jobs cooks etc CO 0000 quotBachelor society Homosocia world 0 Many miners left their wives at home so mine areas were male dominated o miners ball gt dance party where males dance with males who dress as women I Ex of playing wgender lines 0 When more women began to arrive in the mid1850s gender lines solidified along male and female Natives in California 0 Gold Rush shattered the Native population gt disease fighting I disappearing race 0 Depicted as savage degenerated 0 Driven off their land 0 Miners feared attacks by Natives so Natives were hunted down by miners I Idea of miners protecting themselves from savage Natives 0 California government paid people for Natives scalps o Natives were made a subservient class that had to obey Anglos I Act for the Governance and Protection of Indians 0 Natives were to be laborers for Anglos 0 Rules about conduct of Natives 0 White men could not be convicted solely on the testimony of a Native Chinese in California 0 Many Chinese went to CA because travel across the Pacific was fairly easy and short 0 Many Chinese came from provinces in the SE region 0 18401920 25 million Chinese went to CACanadaLatin America 0 Chinese referred to California as gold mountain Gam Saan o Faced discrimination while in California gt no voting rights no schooling 0 Gold scarce pushed out of mine areas gt Chinese men became cooksopened resturants 0 Many Chinese men worked on the TransContinental Railroad 0 History of Chinese emigration 0 Early exploration 0 15th century traveled to African coast 0 18th century Manchu Conquest gt dynastic change Qing Dynasty replaced the Ming I Ming loyalists fled abroad 0 19th century growing presence of EuropeansAmericans I 1830s First Opium War gt China vs Great Britain gt Britain won 0 Treaty of Nanjing 1843 0 China had to accept opium importation by Britain 0 China forced to open more trade ports 0 China forced to cede Hong Kong I 1868 Burlingame Treaty gt China and US 0 Free migration between China and US 0 Free migration of Chinese laborers to US 0 Laborers came mainly from Fudong Province gt Canton port 0 As a result of freer migration many Chinese went to Hawaii 0 18th century push factors to emigrated to CA presence of Europeans crop failure 0 Overall in the 19th century Europeans increased the sphere of influence in China Japan 0 1852 Commodore Matthew Perry of the US went to Japan 0 Demanded that Japan open itself up to US trade used military threats 0 1854 Treat of Kanagawa I Japan forced to aid whalers in distress I Was not a permanent trade agreement just a temporary agreement to open J I Ended Japan s long period of isolationseclusion 0 After being forcefully opened up Japan began to internally change 0 ndustrializationmodernization 0 Change in government gt more centralized authority I Meiji empire reestablished I Samurai class removed 0 Buildup of a modern military because no more samurai 0 Taxes levied to pay for modernization gt small land owners couldn t pay and lost land I Led to emigration of those land owners to US and HI for S to send back home Japan modeled its newself off of the US and Great Britain gt desire for imperial power 1890 Japanese laborers emigrate to Hi gt government begins regulating emigration I Both males and females emigrated I quotHawaii Netsu Hawaii fever gt desire to move to Hi forjob opportunities 0 Emigration fever Key Words 0 Act for the Governance and Protection of Indians 0 Foreign Miners Tax 0 First Opium War 0 Treaty of Nanjing o Burlingame Treaty 0 Gam Saan o Commodore Matthew C Perry 0 Treaty of Kanagawa 0 Hawaii Netsu
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