Psyc4220 Week 11 Notes
Psyc4220 Week 11 Notes PSYC 4220
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caitlin Conner on Friday October 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 4220 at University of Georgia taught by Kacy Welsh in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 10/30/15
o PSYC4220 WEEK 11 NOTES 0 October 26 2015 o Chapter11 Physical Development in Middle Childhood 0 Middle childhood 6puberty 12 Ages can vary 0 Body growth Continues at slow steady pace 0 23 in 5 lbs per year 0 by age 9 girls are taller and heavier than boys 0 age 12 girls have reached 94 of their adult height 0 start adolescent growth spurt 2 years earHer 0 girls pick up more fat boysmore muscle worldwide variations in size 0 due to genetic environmental factors bones thicken broaden ligaments are loosely connected 0 muscle strength increases 0 very exible primary teeth lost permanent teeth come in 0 girls lose teeth slightly earlier 0 age 6typically lose 1st tooth last toothage 11 o malnutrition amp obesity need wellbalanced diet with many vegetables fruits and whole grains 0 prolonged malnutrition cansower physical growth lower IQ poor motor coordination and inattention 0 negative effects can be permanent obesity body weight 20 above average weight for age and height 0 1 out of 8 kids in US 0 negative effects 0 more likely to be overweight as an adult likelihood increases with age 0 high BP heart disease diabetes o Obesity Causes 0 earlier puberty for girls 0 social emotional school problems isolation bullying academic effects Genech 0 Typically have at least 1 obese parent 0 Twin concordance Poor eating habits Not enough exercise 0 TV videogames etc Socioeconomic status 0 Lowermore likely to be overweight Lack of sleep Treatment Can be challenging 0 May have to change whole family 0 Usually focuses on improving eating habits increasing physical activity Parent modeling exerciseeffective When treating obesity don t use diets 0 Goal is not to lose weight but to stop gaining weight and help them grow 0 Motor development Gross motor skills improvement in balance agility force and reaction time Improvement in ne motor skills Gender differences continue Boys gt strength stamina Girls have gt balance coordination and ne motor skills 0 Could be biological seems to have more to do with socialization Differences are small when kids regularly take part in similar activities 0 American Academy of pediatrics boys and girls should engage in same types of sports in mixed gender groups until puberty Children especially boys who perform well physically are more popular with peers October 28 2015 0 Brain development Development of new synapses myelination and thickening of cortex 0 From 68 primary areamotor amp sensory cortices o Resultimproved ne motor skills and handeye coordination From 1012 primary areafronta lobes reticular formation 0 Resultincrease in logical thought planning attention 0 Increase in selective attention 0 Chapter 12 Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood o Piaget s stages of cognitive development Concrete Operations 711 years Can perform mental actions on objects as long as they are not abstract 0 Can add subtract categorize and order things Master logical operations lacking in preoperational thinkers Understand conservation decentration and acquire reversibility of thought Horizontal d colage not all skills of each stage are mastered at once 0 Ex Children develop the ability to conserve slowly over this stage 0 Conservation of numbereasiest gure out rst 0 Conservation of liquidvolumehardest last Relational logic logic used to understand relationships between objects Seriation mentally order objects along quanti able dimension 0 Accurate social comparison begins 0 Transitivity understand logical relationship of objects in a series 0 Ex If stick A is longer than stick B and stick B is longer than stick C is stick A longer than stick C Major limitation organized logical thinking only when dealing with concrete physical world 0 Cannot think logically about abstracthypothetical problems 0 Ex Algebra truth 0 Language development School age children continue to 0 Build vocabulary o 20 words per day 40000 words by age 11 0 increased understanding of morphology exposure to written word helps 0 increased understanding of grammar and syntax 0 words can have multiple meanings 0 use passive voice 0 increased understanding of pragmatics 0 learn to be more speci c so listener understands 0 get better at inferring meaning 0 sarcasm gure of speech 0 schooling most US kids enter formal schooling during middle cthhood no evidence to suggest bene ts of delaying kindergarten may even be a disadvantage 0 kids that start kindergarten are more likely to have behavioral problems in adolescence o Aspects that affect school quality Class size Smaller 18 or lessmore effective 0 Kids in small classes 1317 students outperformed those in regular classes on reading and math tests Differences greatest for students in minority groups and low SES Having teacher s aide in regular class size did not help Advantages were long lasting through 9th grade more likely to graduate 0 Teachers spent more time teaching and giving individual attention 0 Students had better concentration class participation and more positive attitudes towards school Educational philosophy 0 Traditional vs constructivist 0 Most US schools today follow traditional approach 0 Constructivistchildren guide their own learning evaluated based on selfnot other kids 0 October 30 2015 0 FALL BREAK
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