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The Legislative Process

by: Alyssa Miller

The Legislative Process PLS 101

Alyssa Miller
GPA 2.5
American Democracy and Citizenship
Garrett S Tyson

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This is chapter 7 notes
American Democracy and Citizenship
Garrett S Tyson
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Miller on Friday October 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PLS 101 at Missouri State University taught by Garrett S Tyson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see American Democracy and Citizenship in Political Science at Missouri State University.

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Date Created: 10/30/15
Chapter 7 Notes The Legislative Process Introduction and Referral Who can introduce a bill in Congress Only members of congress the President Cabinet Dear Colleague Letters Circulate a letter that states a proposal of the bill would you like to cosponsor Legislative counsel Help put their ideas on paper to help them legally to be defensible Referral to Committee Speaker of the house does the referral Standing Subcommittee Select Conference Committee Consideration The role of the committee chairperson Hearings Committee gets together along With the public Who s interested in the topic and gives their opinions on the bill Markup Changing the bill Report to the chamber If it doesn t receive a favorable vote it doesn t get sent to the chamber and dies Calendars and Scheduling Bill could die Without being put on the calendar Majority party leaderships controls the legislative schedule In the house bills are either expedited for oor consideration or referred to the Rules Committee for a special rule In the Senate the Majority Leader either makes a motion to precede the bill or asks for unanimous consent to consider a bill on the oor The motion to proceed is debatable and the unanimous consent request is subject to holds Floor schedules are communicated through Whip notices House Floor Many bills are considered under suspension of the rules 40 minute debate limit and amendments aren t allowed Requires 23 approval Special rules are tailored for each bill Majority party and leadership dominate rules to committee Selects the text to be considered Sets limits on the debate and amendment allowed Germane Discretely related Amendments must be germane unless waived by special rules Committee of the whole Motion to commit Senate Floor Few limits on debate filibuster The cloture rule only way to end a filibuster This makes the use of unanimous consent agreements preferred Tailors the rules of debate to a particular bill Resolving Di erences Engrossment Preparing it to message it to the other chamber Messaging Sending Amendment exchange pingpong Conference committee Conference report Consideration of conference report Presidential Actions Enrollment President has 10 days to act Signed or not signed in 10 days it becomes law Signed bills become law Unsigned bills become law Unsigned bills when Congress isn t in session are pocket veto Vetoed bills are sent back to Congress where they can be overridden by 23 approval of both chambers How di icult is it to Legislate Bills can be marked up at any stage Bills are much easier to defeat than approve Requires much negotiation and compromise logrolling Requires coordination among separate branches and political parties Often requires support of public opinion Requires good public relations and media management


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